This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Hiv And Aids In Swaziland Essay

1038 words - 5 pages

The Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that attacks the immune system and eventually leads to its failure which allows opportunistic infections and cancers to be contracted. Today are 34 million HIV positive people worldwide. Of that, over 75 percent live in Africa. The area most infected with the HIV virus is the Sub-Saharan Region, and because of that the average life expectance in that area is less than 50 years of age. Prior to the influence of HIV that number was almost to 70 years of age. (dosomething.org) I could ramble off statistics all day, but you can tell, HIV is a serious problem in africa. No one is quite sure how the virus started, but scientists have been able to narrow its origin down to a specific type of chimpanzee in West Africa. They believe that they the chimpanzee version of the immunodeficiency virus (SIV) was somehow transmitted to humans and then it mutated into HIV. It is not known how the virus was introduced to humans, but the most excepted theory is that hunters became exposed to the infected blood of chimps and then introduced to the HIV virus. (www.theaidsinstitute.org) AIDS, which stands for "Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome" is a way of describing a whole group of symptoms and diseases associated with the damage HIV does to the immune system. Here in America, being HIV positive is not necessarily a death sentence because we have drugs that can slow the virus and prevent it from becoming AIDS. In africa though, the needed medicine is vary expensive, and many infected persons might not even know they have the virus! Lack of education and a culture based on having children have made trying to rid Africa of AIDS quite a task, and we not really sure where to start.
(std.about.com)
As I mentioned, the area most affected by HIV is the Sub-Saharan region of Africa. One country in particular that has been greatly impacted by HIV and AIDS is Swaziland. Swaziland is a small, landlocked country by South Africa. It is no more then 200 squared miles but manages to have a very diverse climate and environment ranging from desert to mountainous. The area has been inhabited sense prehistory and used to belong to the United Kingdom until it became a protectorate after the Anglo-Boer War. About 75 percent of the country practices subsistence farming, and make less then 1.25 USD per day. Swaziland has a monarchy; the current ruler of swaziland is King Mswati II who took the throne in 1986 after the death of his father. Unlike some other countries, education had not been terrible previously in Swaziland. 90% of the population completed the 5th grade in 1990 and 80% complete 8th grade. The literacy rate is
almost 90% (gov.sz)
The population growth is just below 2 percent annually which is almost the same as the worldwide population growth. This is surprising due to the fact that the life expectancy has been cut in half from 62 in 2000 to 32 in 2009. This might...

Find Another Essay On HIV and AIDS in Swaziland

HIV/AIDS IN CHINA Essay

1378 words - 6 pages spread of HIV/AIDS. China is facing a decisive moment," he said, "The epidemic has become a moving target, and is at risk of spinning out of control." 1While most Chinese may be shocked to hear his seemingly over-exaggerated words, the situation of HIV/AIDS in China is every bit as serious. According to a report issued by the state Ministry of Health, by the first half of 2002, the number of people infected with HIV/AIDS, which increased 16.7% over

AIDS and HIV Essay

1944 words - 8 pages commonly spread through gay or bisexual men. It does not transmit through sweat and saliva as the virus does not survive outside the body (“Frequently Asked Questions”). Being diagnosed with HIV does not mean that you will also be diagnosed with AIDS (Frequently Asked Questions). In many cases it takes several years before the HIV virus weakens the immune system to the point you would develop AIDS. As HIV weakens your immune system, it makes you

HIV and AIDS Epidemic

1213 words - 5 pages 1.1 INTRODUCTION There is no doubt that the HIV and AIDS epidemic has had a devastating influence on Africa, especially in my community of Qumbu. The AIDS epidemic has killed more lives than the sum total of all wars, famines and floods, and the ravages of deadly diseases as Malaria. It is destroying families in my community, overwhelming and depleting health care services. The AIDS epidemic influence in my community is significant ways should

Globalization and HIV/AIDS

1897 words - 8 pages The Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, commonly known as HIV/AIDS is a disease, with which the human immune system, unlike in other disease, cannot cope. AIDS, which is caused by the HIV virus, causes severe disorder of the immune system and slowly progresses through stages which disable the body’s capability to protect and instead makes it vulnerable for other infections. The first blood sample to contain HIV was

HDI and HIV AIDS

977 words - 4 pages developed countries, the incidence of AIDS related death and hospitalisation and death declined within 60% to 80%. In Europe, historically, AIDS cases have been very low (The World Bank, 2013), thanks to the many advantages of being a developed country (Health system, national campaigns among others). Nevertheless, according to Reuters, an inform by the World Health Organisation (WHO) proposes that the pandemic of the HIV has increased in the last year

Stigmatization and Discrimination: Living with HIV/AIDS in Canada

1852 words - 7 pages According to the Public Health Agency of Canada HIV – the Human Immunodeficiency Virus - is a virus that attacks the immune system, resulting in a chronic, progressive illness that leaves people vulnerable to opportunistic infections and cancers. (Canada 2008) Essentially over time, when your body can no longer battle the virus it progresses into a disease know as Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome or AIDS. The transmition of HIV occurs when a

AIDS/HIV Epidemic In Africa

1177 words - 5 pages have evolved into what it is today? The answer to this question is not a simple one. The HIV epidemic that has taken control of Sub-Saharan Africa is a result of a lack of funding for education and HIV prevention, cultural obstacles, poor economic conditions, and blatant political ignorance. In addition to these factors, I believe that there are a few geological factors that have contributed to the spread of HIV/AIDS epidemic in that region. It is

Life Expectancy in South Africa and HIV/AIDS

1126 words - 5 pages expectancy is a result of the combination of several factors, this essay will only focus on HIV/AIDS as a factor in South Africa. It will also look at HIV/AIDS as a problem associated with life expectancy, then the administering of antiretroviral therapy and the use of condoms as possible solutions. The HIV/AIDS Epidemic is undoubtedly the major problem associated with low life expectancy in South Africa. AIDS is caused by HIV which attacks the

HIV/AIDS in India:An epidemic

1973 words - 8 pages exclusion due to the caste system and high dependency on agriculture all have amplified the poverty which in turn, has given rise to the largest population—2.3 million--within the borders of a nation to be infected with HIV/AIDS. (India HIV and AIDS Statistics.) Though those who are infected represent less the one percent of the total population, the environmental conditions of the society by which India presides are conducive to the rapid

HIV/AIDS IN MY COUNTRY

1034 words - 4 pages on the world.But today, the world is once again at the crossroads and no thanks to the malevolent and mutant virus, which is causing devastation in its wake.This is the focus of the Human Development Report (HDR) for 2004 on Nigeria, which was released last week by the United Nations Development Programme in Abuja. Early warnings of HIV/AIDS had been ignored in the past. But according to the new report, the world can continue to do so at great

All About HIV and AIDS

2120 words - 8 pages , artificial insemination and organ transplants from an infected donor. Transmission from mother to child during pregnancy (intrauterine) from shared blood circulation while in fetus, delivery, or after pregnancy when nursing infant from breast milk of infected mother (9). The exact mechanism of mother to child HIV/AIDS transmission is still unknown (9). Reservoirs: Infected human. Latent reservoirs include CD4 and T-Cells. Reservoirs are

Similar Essays

Religion And Health In Hiv/Aids Communities

827 words - 4 pages In this research we explored holiness or spirituality in the means of decreasing stress and improving mental well-being in the lives of those who have been infected with HIV or have picked up a shortage syndrome of AIDS as well as the clinical presentations and the future outlooks on research. Individuals have turned to faith for countless reasons and researchers have tried to understand what the correlation might be to be able to explain these

Hiv/Aids In Botswana Essay

1536 words - 6 pages An estimated 25 million people in Africa were living with AIDS in 2003 (AIDS and HIV Statistics for Africa). In Botswana alone, the AIDS prevalence rate is an immense 36.5% (HIV and AIDS in Botswana). In Botswana, AIDS has been an ongoing epidemic since the first case reported in 1985 (HIV and AIDS in Botswana). AIDS is caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which weakens a person's immune system causing them to be more susceptible to

Hiv/Aids In Zimbabwe Essay

1178 words - 5 pages HIV/AIDS in ZimbabweThis paper discusses a disease that is endemic to a particular geographic and cultural setting: HIV in Zimbabwe. The pathogenesis, types of transmission, diagnosis, and treatment of HIV/AIDS has been summarized here. Furthermore, aspects of health promotion and possible strategies to control and prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS in the Zimbabwean population, as suggested in published literature, are outlined.HIV is a pandemic

Hiv/Aids In Nigeria Essay

2088 words - 9 pages AIDS is a dangerous disease caused by a virus known as HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) that has led to the deaths of millions of individuals around the world, especially in sub-Saharan African countries such as Nigeria. The reason the disease is so dangerous is because it essentially destroys an infected individual’s immune system, leaving him or her to become more prone to contracting dangerous infections and cancers that cannot be