Hiv And The Condition Of Aids

1559 words - 6 pages

Introduction
HIV has been a major global issue for over 100 years. It is estimated that 1.6 million people died as a result of this virus in 2012 (“Fact sheet”, 2012). Due to statistics such as the one I just cited, I decided to write this review essay on HIV and the condition of AIDS. As an up and coming scientist, I feel it is imperative that we strive to grow in our understanding of diseases, such as AIDS, so that we can do our part in slowing its spread; also, so that more individuals may be inspired to devote their life’s work to producing a cure. In this review we will be going over some of the basics of HIV and AIDS, such as, basic definitions and information, symptoms, how it is contracted, how it works, treatments and the virus’s geological prevalence.
Basic definitions and information
HIV is an acronym for “human immunodeficiency virus”. The term AIDS is an acronym for “acquired immune deficiency syndrome”. Think of HIV as the bug that causes the disease and think of AIDS as a term that describes the manifestation or set of symptoms that result from being infected. Contrary to popular belief, AIDS is not generally the direct cause of someone’s death; rather, AIDS indirectly causes death by leaving the body defenseless against other diseases such as cancer and hepatitis (Oppenheim, 2009). We can assume that anyone who died from AIDS very likely had another underlying disease or condition. Another acronym that will be used in this review is CD4. CD4 is a glycoprotein vital to the proper function of certain immune cells. CD4 counts are used to measure the stages of AIDS; normal CD4 levels range from 500-1000, anything lower than this is considered alarming (“CD4 Count”, 2010).
Symptoms
Here is a brief look at the symptoms caused by HIV. From the research I have done by examining the work of other scientists, fatigue is the number one symptom of HIV. In a study done at Johns Hopkins University, a group of doctors surveyed the symptoms of samples of HIV-positive individuals with varying degrees of CD4 levels. Of the three samples, the median proportion of individuals who felt fatigued was .82, which is large relative to some of the other symptoms (Wu A. W. et al, 1997). Additional symptoms of people diagnosed with HIV, include: diarrhea, anxiety, sadness, and difficulty sleeping (Portillo et al, 2007).

Means of Contraction
The ways in which HIV can be contracted or transferred is a key topic. One of the commonly proposed options for slowing the spread of HIV is preventative measures. The first step in taking preventative measures is having an understanding of how a disease is passed on from one individual to another. Due to the fact that the virus, on its own, can’t survive in an open-air environment, HIV is always transmitted through contact with some sort of body fluid. The major body fluids that are known to be related to the transmission of HIV are: “blood, semen, vaginal fluid and breast milk” (“HIV prevention”...

Find Another Essay On HIV and the Condition of AIDS

Spread of HIV Aids Essay

1808 words - 7 pages affairs it's wiser to wear a condomto prevent Aids. Many believe that gay men have a higher rate of getting Aids. The reason for that is because gay men usually have anal sex and thats one of the main source where the disease can get transmitted to another person. Blood to blood contact is another form to get Aids. 30 years ago, many wondered how do people get Aids. After years of studies Aids comes from HIV. Aids is the most advanced stage of HIV

Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS Essay

2665 words - 11 pages 1. Introduction As ravaging effects of the HIV/AIDS pandemic spreads, many businesses are realizing that the spread negatively affects their workforce, market and ultimately ability to earn profits (Sithole, 2007). Organizations now realize that HIV/AIDS is not simply a health issue, but a core business issue, as it affects the performance of infected employees and the company’s production and investments (Lisk, 2002; IFC, 2002). In response to

HIV/AIDS, Women's Human Rights and the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS: The principal obstacles for the implementation of the Declaration in Georgia

6693 words - 27 pages HIV/AIDS, Women's Human Rights and the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS:The principal obstacles for the implementation of the Declaration in GeorgiaAll of us must recognize AIDS as our problem. All of us must make it our priority.Kofi Annan, UN Secretary General, 25 June, 2001Why cannot I have the operation? Why cannot I?HIV-affected Georgian womanTwenty years have passed since the world first heard of Human Immunodeficiency Virus and

HIV/AIDS: Medical Breakthroughs and Social Settings of the 1980s, the 1990s

2131 words - 9 pages The HIV/AIDS epidemic may be one of the most devastating illnesses in American history due to its incurability and severe effects both on a person’s physical and mental wellbeing. Unfortunately, HIV/AIDS may also be one of the most stigmatized diseases from the period between 1980 and the present day due to its tendency to infect already stigmatized populations, namely intravenous drug users and gay men. Initially, this stigmatization persuaded

The impact of HIV/Aids on companies and in particular Transnet

2768 words - 11 pages the world, businesses have heightened their response to the spread of HIV/AIDS. Businesses are recognizing the impact that the virus is having in terms of the human, financial and social costs to its operations and host communities. Even in countries where the virus has a low prevalence level, early action is essential to avoid serious impacts on economic activity and future markets. The way organizations and people are responding to the

All About HIV and AIDS

2120 words - 8 pages AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome); HIV is the etiological agent of AIDS leaving the body vulnerable to a variety of life threatening diseases (8). Transmission: AIDS is transmitted from the HIV virus through blood, semen, vaginal secretions, and breast milk to others from infected host (1). The virus can be spread through sexual contact by oral, vaginal, or anal sex; receiving a blood transfusion, injection involving needles

HIV/AIDS and Group Therapy

1526 words - 6 pages collaboration of both psycho-educational and play therapy would be beneficial when working with children who have a life threatening condition. The group leader would need to be empathetic to their illness, and understand that they are just children, and it is going to be a lot for them to process what exactly is going to happen to them. They might not know how to process the information that they learn about HIV/AIDS, so, play therapy will be a

HDI and HIV AIDS Namibia

1415 words - 6 pages example of how it could affect the health se have got the example of Botswana, where around 17% of its health workforce was dwindled due to AIDS related death in the period 1999 and 2005 (AVERT AVERTing HIV and AIDS, 2012). As stated before, households can also be greatly afflicted on its foundations by AIDS, and it is usually the deprived segments the ones affected the most. Households are disbanded due to the parents or even the children dying of

Canadian Aboriginals and HIV/AIDS

2723 words - 11 pages The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and its deriving acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) are devastating conditions that currently affect approximately 35.3 million individuals globally (WHO, 2012). In the Canadian context, the prevalence of HIV/AIDS ascended to 71,300 cases in 2011, with 8.9% of the affected individuals being aboriginal peoples (PHAC, 2011). This number not only indicates an overrepresentation of the aboriginal

The Rising of HIV/AIDS in the United States Population

1234 words - 5 pages blood transfusions. Twenty-two years later, this disease has taken the world by storm. HIV/AIDS is steadily rising in the United States population because people are having unprotected sex, sharing needles, and are not getting tested. AIDS, which stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, is the final stage of HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus. In HIV the virus attacks CD4 positive T cells (“HIV Infection”). These T cells are very important

HIV/AIDS epidemic - the major causes and possible correspondence.

666 words - 3 pages Since the first clinical evidence of AIDS was reported two decades ago, HIV/AIDS has spread to every corner of the world. Economic insecurity, displacement caused by conflicts and disasters, illiteracy, violence and abuse, and social exclusion are only part of the numerous factors contributing to the HIV/AIDS prevalence. HIV/AIDS affects both rich and poor citizens in both developed and developing countries, and it is one of the biggest

Similar Essays

Hiv And Aids: The Epidemic Essay

1694 words - 7 pages HIV and AIDS have affected millions of people throughout the world. Since 1981, there have been 25 million deaths due to AIDS involving men, women, and children. Presently there are 40 million people living with HIV and AIDS around the world and two million die each year from AIDS related illnesses. The Center for Disease Control estimates that one-third of the one million Americans living with HIV are not aware that they have it. The earliest

Aids & Hiv The Causes Effects And Types Of Possible Treatments.

1406 words - 6 pages AIDS means acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. AIDS is past from person to person. The disease attacks the immune system which is not strong enough to fight this deadly disease. The AIDS disease has a number of symptoms and conditions that come with it. HIV causes the disease AIDS. HIV means human immunodeficiency virus. A virus is a very small organism that gets into a person's body and makes a disease. The virus HIV also only affects humans

Symptoms And Description Of Hiv/Aids. Essay

764 words - 3 pages quite easily. It is known that AIDS is contracted by having Human Immunodeficiency virus, HIV. AIDS first showed up in the United States in 1970s. In 1982, the Centers for Disease Control recognized AIDS as a disease. No one is sure who discovered the disease because both researchers at the Pasteur Institute in France and the National Cancer Institute in the United States each claimed to have discovered it. The origin of AIDS has been

Aids And Hiv Essay

1944 words - 8 pages HIV, or the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, is a virus which damages and kills cells of the immune system. It attacks the T-cells, key cells of the immune system, and uses them to make copies of itself. After being infected with the virus it progressively interferes and eventually destroys the immune system's ability to fight the anti-genes. HIV may develop into the syndrome AIDS, the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. HIV is an STD - a sexually