Ho Chi Minh
Nguyen Sinh Cung. Aguyen Tat Thanh. Nguyen Ai Quoc. Ho Chi Minh. One brilliant man belongs to all these names. In his younger life he worked a variety of jobs and traveled to many foreign places. As time goes on he becomes a popular communist. Ho Chi Minh was a visionary in North Vietnam, and he wouldn’t stop until he made South and North Vietnam one. In efforts to unite them he led North Vietnam to war against South Vietnam. His pursuit of a united Vietnam was powered by his determination, quick wits, and courage. (Duiker 15-577)
May 19, 1890 Ho Chi Minh was born in a small village, Kim Liem, in central Vietnam. His birth name was Nyuyen Sinh Cung. Raised in poverty, he attended a school in Hue. Ho Chi Minh became a teacher, and then in 1911 he left Vietnam to work on a French ocean liner as a cook. After World War I he moved to France, becoming a socialist and Vietnamese nationalist. In 1919 he petitioned for civil rights in France; he then traveled to the Soviet Union to study revolutionary methods. While in the Soviet Union he joined the Comintern, a group based in Moscow that planned to spread communism worldwide. The Comintern assigned him to spread communism to all of East Asia while spreading communism he lived in the Soviet Union and China. After the start of World War II he moved back to Vietnam. (Duiker 15-45) In 1941 he organized the communist-controlled league for independence of Vietnam also knows as the Viet Minh. During this time he obtained the name Ho Chi Minh which means “he who enlightens.” In 1945 the Viet Minh captured some major cities across Vietnam, and declaring Vietnam independent. Vietnam became known as the DRV (Democratic Republic Vietnam) and he became the first president. (Duiker 15-45)(Ho 3)
In August of 1964 Ho Chi Minh attempted to scare the United States out of entering the war, he placed an attack on the U.S. warships that were doing a routine patrol in the Golf of Tonkin. He placed the order because he felt the Americans needed to be put in their places and pay the consequences for their aggression. Ho Chi Minh’s efforts to scare the U.S were useless; this attack gave the United States a reason to get involved in the Vietnam War. Later in the year Ho Chi Minh wanted to negotiate with the United States but realized that they were non negotiable at this time. Since the United States refused to negotiate, Ho Chi Minh felt the need to use larger scale military forces, which he had hoped he would never have to use. (Duiker 540-543)
By 1965 Ho Chi Minh’s health began to fail, and he was no longer able to participate in military strategy, but was politically active in the Politburos, communist political meeting, and was able to meet with other countries’ leaders. He warned the Vietnamese people not to underestimate the United States threat, but to meet them with strength. At this time Ho Chi Minh realized that anti Americans attitude could work in his favor. He set out to expose the United States...