Ho Chi Minh And The Success Of Vietnamese Communism

1824 words - 7 pages

Communism as a political philosophy has had both its critics and nationalist proponents throughout recent history. As a tool for nationalistic movements in recent, one of the most compelling examples is how communism was introduced and used by Ho Chi Minh to help Vietnam become a unified and independent nation in the 1970s. Ho Chi Minh, a Marxist Leninist, charismatic and populist leader, adopted communism through his experiences, struggles, and challenges. Communism came to play an important role in bringing Vietnam independence and freedom from the French and subsequent colonialist rulers. Ho Chi Minh used communist to help the Vietnamese develop feelings of patriotism and nationalism toward the country. Ho Chi Minh created several organizations in order to educate and then mobilize the Vietnamese under communism. His first organization was the Revolutionary Youth League, which educated the Vietnamese people on the foundations, the ideological aspects, and the goals of communism. The second organization was the Communist Vietnamese Party, which emphasized the benefits of communism both economically and physically compared to the French colonialists. Thirdly, the Vietminh provided the military opportunity for the Vietnamese people to take communism into practice and revolt against the French colonialists. The successes of these communist organization helped Ho Chi Minh successfully unite Vietnam and gain freedom from France.
From the 17th century on, Vietnam had never had a steady period of peace or prosperity. Vietnam fell into a civil war between the 16th to early 19th century between three powerful lords, Trinh and Nguyen, and the Tay Son brothers. Next, French influence and invasions took over Vietnam and established French Indochina. Because of these wars and constant changes in rulers, the Vietnamese people wanted a nation of their own and freedom to do what they desired. Therefore, the Vietnamese people were eager to support any ideology that could relieve themselves from French colonialists. Communism was ideal because it was anti-imperialist and supported the constant state of revolution and revolt against the hierarchies and upper classes.
The leader of this communist introduction and development in Vietnam was Ho Chi Minh. Ho Chi Minh, born Nguyen Tat Thanh, grew up with a passion for freeing his country of the French. Ho Chi Minh worked hard on his French when his tutor told him, “If you want to defeat the French, you must understand them. To understand the French you must study the French language.” Ho Chi Minh’s patriotism developed mainly from his Chinese-language instructor, Hoang Thong, who was anti- French himself. Thong believed that losing one’s family was worse than losing one’s country. Ho Chi Minh’s first involvement against political action came on May 9, 1908 when he joined a peasant uprising as a translator. Attempting to translate in the front of the crowd, he was beaten and forced to hide at his friend’s...

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