This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Hobbes Versus Rawles On The Fool

1991 words - 8 pages

Both Thomas Hobbes and John Rawls propose an idea of a social contract, for society. Hobbes' account gives us the Leviathan, and Rawls gives us his Theory of Justice. For Rawls a social contract is hypothetical, in other words people would agree to it if they were to choose it.1 He creates a thought experiment, to show what people would choose if they were to decide on a social contract. This exists in what he calls the "original position, which is similar to a state of nature.2 The thought experiment then begins with a group of people, behind what he calls a "veil of ignorance". By doing this they do not know their social class, wealth, natural abilities, the distribution of assets in society, or anything else about themselves or the society.3 They must then must decide how society would be set up.4 Since none of them know details about what would benefit them, they will then advocate for a society that abides by Rawls' two principles of justice.5 First there is the liberty principle, which advocates basic liberty for everyone. Second, there is the difference principle favor economic equality, with inequalities that benefit the worst off.6 The veil of ignorance, ideally creates an egalitarian society with equal rights, and inequalities only exist if they redistribute wealth equally.7 Rawls then uses Kantian reasoning to say that since a rational being would choose these principles, these are the principles that should be adopted.8 Unlike the original position of Rawls, the state of nature for Hobbes is violent, and anarchic.9 Man has the right to use his own power, but he can transfer that right and enter into a social contract to escape the state of nature.10 Hobbes also states that making and keeping contracts is justice.11
According to Hobbes, the third law of nature states that, people must keep the contracts they make, and breaking them is unjust. So, as a result making and upholding contracts is justice.12 Hobbes' then gives the response of the fool. The fool believes that, there is no justice, and as a result of that thinks that he should only uphold contracts when they are in his interest.13 Hobbes' theory directly responds to the fool, and Rawls' theory can also be used to counter the fools argument, however they do not counter it equally. The purpose of this essay will be to show how Hobbes' Leviathan does a better job of dealing with the fool's argument than does John Rawls' Theory of Justice.
While Hobbes agrees it can sometimes be in one's interest not to uphold contracts, he does believe it is not wise to do this. Hobbes' responds saying that the fool is either cast out of society, or has to live within it essentially hiding from the Leviathan.14 If he is cast out of the society, he perishes. The fool essentially takes a high risk, high reward gamble that he will not be caught by the leviathan. He has the potential for a large payoff, but if he is unsuccessful, then his punishment will be huge. ...

Find Another Essay On Hobbes Versus Rawles On The Fool

Comparison of Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes, and the Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality Among Mankind, by Jean-Jacques Rousseau

1289 words - 5 pages Jean Jacques Rousseau and Thomas Hobbes are two of the most "influential political theorists in the world"(Arbury). Their ideas and philosophies have spread all over the world influencing the creation of many new governments (Arbury). Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau were seventeenth and eighteenth century philosophers with similar, yet contrasting, theories about human nature; both men developed theories on human nature and how men

William Golding's thesis of evil on the basis of "Lord of the Flies" as a reflection of the 1950's and Thomas Hobbes

3863 words - 15 pages novel.The main part introduces the 1950's in Britain with a historical survey that includes the Suez Crisis because the crisis will be discussed in one of the central themes, too.The three central themes in the main part are how the boys on the island refer to their old school system, how the theory of the political philosopher Thomas Hobbes can be compared to the ideas of the "Lord of the Flies" author William Golding and some examples from the

Transactional Versus Servant Leadership focusing on the leadership style and the difference in leadership methods

3992 words - 16 pages Versus Servant Leadership : a difference in leadership focus" mention that the only difference in these two leadership style is the focus of the leader whereas if we are too look at the matrix, servant leadership emphasizes a leader's concern for the follower's well-being reflecting on the nature of non-judgmental listening and willingness to learn from others. These behaviors are not accounted for by any behaviors in the transformational model

Shareholder Concept versus Stakeholder Concept: The Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility on Profit maximization

9403 words - 38 pages study that is to be conducted shall contribute as an exploratory study to shed light on the possible effects of CSR on profitability. These results if followed by similar studies can set the base for capturing the real impact of CSR on profitability and how meeting stakeholder needs can affect shareholder interests.5.References:Alexander, J. (2007). Environmental sustainability versus profit maximization: Overcoming systemic constraints on

Basic explanation on ordinary mortality - touches Lord of the Flies. Compare how Hobbes and Augustine think the condition of war arises and defend one author’s account of 'ordinary' morality as an ant

857 words - 3 pages unselfish humans can be profitable to the faithful through patience and discipline to God. Augustine seems to believe that war is waged so that peace may be obtained. Since we all seek peace, war, then, can be obligatory when evil has control.Hobbes, on the other hand, believes that war is a natural condition of mankind. Although Hobbes and Augustine seem to both believe that there needs to be one source of law (Augustine, God and Hobbes, Social

This is an analytical essay on Beowulf and the role of evil versus good. It talks about how evil is needed to define the good guy

1269 words - 5 pages Beowulf: "In the Path of Exile"A truly noble warrior, the mightiest man on earth, a high-bourne and powerful personleads his men through great battles. The distinguished one, the one who helps and counsels; he isvaliant and venturesome, showing extreme bravery and courage. He is the hero; he is the good.Grim powerful demons of destruction prowl through the dark, haunting the marshes. These God-cursed brutes, rule in defiance, gruesomely

All Quiet On The Western Front - Film Versus Novel

1905 words - 8 pages “All Quiet on the Western Front” is a novel by Erich Maria Remarque, published in 1928 about Paul Baumer, a 19 year old student, who is persuaded by his schoolmaster to join the Imperial German Army. He goes to the western front where he and his comrades witnesses the horror and brutality of war through a series of deadly, meaningless battles that left an entire generation traumatized. The book was adapted to a movie in 1930 as well as 1979

Pragmatism Versus Idealism Book Review on Gone with the Wind

786 words - 3 pages husband, dies of the measles during the war, Scarlett makes a long trip to Atlanta to stay with Melanie. As the war progressed, Scarlett is forced to remain with the pregnant Melanie because of her promise to Ashley until the siege of Atlanta, when they both, together with the newborn baby, manage to escape from the Atlanta with the help of Rhett.The war takes its toll on everyone, especially Scarlett, who returns home from the horrified journey

Aristotle Versus Kant On Ethics As The Science For The Achieve To Happiness

1569 words - 7 pages this path. We must conclude our discussion of Aristotelian morals with his thoughts on the organic being and its properties: rationality and irrationality, and their interaction with an idea of a "Golden Mean."All forms of science desire a purpose. Jurisprudence, for example, tries to instill a universal mode of general rules (laws) in a society, so we lack anarchy and can function more cohesively. Medicine, as another science, earnestly conjures

Justice as Fairness versus the Principle of Average Utility. On John Rawl's statement

2418 words - 10 pages basic social institutions generally satisfy and are generally known to satisfy these principles." (Chapt.1 Pp.5) Rawls elaborates on this concept in his theory of justice and derives the two principles of justice as fairness, which will be examined later. For now I will examine what Rawls claims makes a given conception more just than another in the OP. Rawls holds that, "other things being equal, one conception of justice is preferable to another

The Rational Choice Theory versus The Trait Theory on the Issue of the Reduction or Control of Crime

819 words - 3 pages there are obvious problems with both theories. However, in weighing both theories' possible effectiveness on the reduction or control of criminal activity, I concluded that the Rational Choice Theory would be more effective.The Rational Choice Theory is based on the idea of free will and that criminals choose to commit crimes."According to this view, law-violating behavior should be viewed as an event that occurs when an offender decides to risk

Similar Essays

The Enlightenment: Hobbes Versus Locke Essay

920 words - 4 pages secular, and secondly a constitutional monarch. None of the philosophes were advocates of democracy.By contrast, Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) was considered a Machiavellian, he wrote Leviathan and with it depicted the transition from medieval to modern thinking. He and Locke had many opposing views, although both of their theories on government and society were revolutionary. Hobbes' premise of the "State of Nature" was that man is not by nature a

The Democracy Monarchy Cycle, An Essay On The Theories Of Hobbes

1957 words - 8 pages political authorities, initiates a cycle that causes democracy itself and monarchy to constantly reoccur in human culture, resulting the situation in which today's democracy will still create an absolute sovereign, as long as the country needs efficiency while enacting on the status quo. Democracy is simply a sleeping Leviathan while its body systems remain at work. The origin of a politic system is derived from Hobbes' state of nature

An Examination Of Thomas Hobbes' Moral Philosophy With An Emphasis On The Escape From The State Of Nature

996 words - 4 pages The word "leviathan" has come to mean the largest or most massive thing of its kind. Thomas Hobbes's Leviathan fits that description perfectly, as the audacious scope of his 1651 treatise on philosophy, politics and religion has few equals. It was at once the birth of political science, an indictment of the prevailing scholastic tradition, and a groundbreaking piece of moral thinking. Despite the grand scale of the work, Hobbes maintains a

Essay On Appearance Versus Reality In The Handmaids Tale

738 words - 3 pages love" to her (121). This image is significant because it contrasts with Offred's lust for Nick. The kinesthetic imagery provided by the mating ritual is an image of appearance versus reality. Serena Joy "grips [Offred's] hands as if it is she, not" Offred, is having intercourse with the Commander (121). On a larger scale, it appears that the utopia is satisfying, but in reality, it is only a fantasy, and amplified vision of sadness. &nbsp