Hola. Chap 20 Of The American Pageant Ap Book. Its All About The Civil War

1435 words - 6 pages

GIRDING FOR WAR: THE NORTH AND THE SOUTHAbraham Lincoln took office on March 4, 1861. He became president of the disunited states because 7 states had already seceded.THE MENACE OF SECESSION*Lincoln's inaugural address stressed that there would be no conflict unless the S. provoked it. He said that secession was wholly impractical and he was right because the N&S were bound inseparably 2gether. If the S. were to depart would the S. be forced to pay their debt to the N and would they receive any of the jointly held federal lands?*If the US were to break up this would benefit European imperialists*SOUTH CAROLINA ASSAILS FORT SUMTER*Fed. Forts in the S. seized arsenals, mints, and other public property w/in their borders. There remained only 2 forts that still flew the US flag in the S. 1 of which was Fort Sumtero Sumter only hadenuf provisions to last 4 a couple of weeks(until the mid of April 1861)oif no supplies were provided it would have to surrender w/o firing a shot. Lincoln notified the South Carolinians that an expedition would be sent 2 supply the garrison however 4 the S. this meant the same as "reinforcement" A union naval force started on its way 2 Fort Sumter which the S. regarded as an act of aggression. On April 12, 1861.oEffect: The N. is outraged "Remember Fort Sumter" after this N. started tos ay that if the S. wanted to go they should not be pinned to the US w/arms. "Wayward sisters, depart in peace"*The fort was lost but the Union saved. Lincoln issued a call to the states for 75,000 militamen, and volunteers. So many men volunteered that many were turned away. A big mistakes*April 19& 27 Pres. announces a weak blockade for the S.*Lincoln was now waging war hence states that had earlier voted down secession now joined the Confederacy(Tennessee, Arkansas, Virginia and NC)*Confederacy capital: Richmond Vir., extremely close to Washington*BROTHERS' BLOOD AND BORDER BLOOD*Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland and Delaware (Border States) and later on... Appalachian whites(from Vir.) supported the UnionoWhite pop. Of more than half of the confederacy. They would have doubled the manufacturing capacity of the South& increase nearly half its supply of horses and mules. The Ohio R. flowed along the N. border of Kentucky and W. ViroLincoln, "I hope to have God on my side, but I have to have Kentucky"*Lincoln depended on moral suasion& methods dubious legality ie I n Maryland he declared martial law where needed& sent in troops, becuz this state threatened to cut Washington off form the N. He deployed Union soldiers in Vir/Missouri where they fought w/Unionists in a local civil war.*Lincoln officially stated that he was not fighting to free the slaves so he would not scare away the border states. An antislavery war was extremely unpopular in the Butternut region where Southerners living in N. states*Lincoln his purpose was to save the Union.*In Indian Territory the Five Civilized Tribes (Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws,...

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