Holland’s theory has four premises that attempt to explain the person / work relationship.
1. Most individual’s personalities can be categorized into 6 main types; realistic, investigative, artistic, social, enterprising, or conventional. As well these personalities are arranged into a pattern that describes the individual.
2. There are six work environment types that coincide with the above-mentioned personality types.
3. Individuals seek work environments that will are best suited to their personality type and pattern.
4. In turn, a career that is matched with the individual’s type has a more positive outcome that one that does not match.
One of the big facets of Holland’s theory is that individuals who’s personality patterns and work environment are congruent will have a better career outlook and success. As well, individuals who’s work and personality types that are different may not have such a ...view middle of the document...
His theory uses two assessments that will help determine my client’s personality type. The assessments that are used are the Self- Directed Search and the Vocational Preference Inventory. Especially, with the SDS, it will provide her with a personality pattern so that she can use that as a starting point for her to begin her career search. Using the VPI, in conjunction with the SDS, it can provider her with an idea if her possible career choice are congruent with her personality type. By the having this better idea of my client’s personality and matching career preference it will serve to start the process of career exploration for her. She will be able to have a point of reference to research careers and seek out volunteer opportunities that can help her decide on her career path.
One of the main drawbacks that have been noted in the research is the idea of congruency. The research has shown only a modest connection between congruence of the personality pattern and the environment. However, the research has indicated a positive outcome of the notions of personality differentials and consistency. It may seem obvious that individuals with consistent personality patters will have an easier time finding a career than individual’s that do not have. However, the research does indicate that a more longitudinal research section is needed because of the notion that personality types really do not change over time. Logically, it would be beneficial to see how one’s personality is measured against the multiple careers that a person has explored in their lifetime, in terms of predictability and accuracy of Holland’s theory. Finally, the research has indicated that it is very culturally sensitive. So, that will make it easier for my client to find a matching career that is suited to her values and beliefs.
Overall, the personality / environment seems to be a sound theory in helping individuals seeing career advice., especially to individuals that have been removed from the workforce for some time. However, more research is needed to see if the theory will stand the test of longevity in the client’s career endeavors.