Martin Luther King Jr. was a really big part of civil rights history. It all began when he was born onJanuary 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. His father Martin Luther King Sr. was a pastor in Atlanta, Georgia. His mother Alberta Williams King was a school teacher in Atlanta, Georgia. Many call Martin a gifted student. He was enrolled to Morehouse College at the age of 15. He was following his fathers and grandfathers footsteps to get very educated. The major he study was medicine and law. But one thing he didn’t want to do was become a pastor. After he graduatedin 1948 he entered Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania, where he then earned a bachelor of divinity degree. He also was elected president of his senior class. King then enrolled into a graduate program in Boston University, he then completed his coursework in 1953. While in Boston he then met his wife Coretta Scott. They then settled down and got married in 1953in Montgomery, Alabama. Where later King became a pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church. They then had 4 children. Their names are Dexter Scott King, Bernice King, Yolanda King, and Martin Luther King III.
The King family has been living in Montgomery for only a year and the city was highly segregated and became the epicenter of the burgeoning struggle for civil rights in America. It was galvanized by the land mark of Brown vs. board of education. Another big change in the city was Rosa Parks not giving her seat up to a white passenger on a Montgomery bus and was later arrested. Activist then coordinated a bus boycott that continued for 381 days. This placed a big economic strain on the public transit system and downtown business owners. They then chose King to be the protest leader and official speaker.
By this time the Supreme Courtruled that segregated seating on buses was unconstitutional in November 1956. King then was heavily influenced by Mahatma Gandhi, and Bayard Rustin had entered the national spot light as an inspirational proponent organized, nonviolent resistance. King had also became a target for white supremacists who then firebombed his family home in January. After his success on the bus boycott he and some other ministers founded a SCLC, this is a group that was set out to get full equality for African Americans through nonviolence. There motto was “not one hair of one head of one person should be harmed”. King would then be in charge of the organization until his death.
King role in the SCLC president, King traveled across the country, and parts of the world, giving speeches on his nonviolent protest and his meeting of religious figures. During his trip to India, King got the chance to meet his idol Gandhi. King also wrote many books during this trip.
In 1960 King and his family moved to Atlanta, his native city, where he joined his father as co-pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist Church. This new position did not...