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Holy Poop Sticks Essay

1019 words - 4 pages

DENIAL-OF-SERVICE ATTACKS AND ITS FUTURE VULNERABILITY 1Denial-of-Service Attacks and its Future VulnerabilityDustin K. DavisMiddle Tennessee State University11/18/14AbstractWhen protecting computer systems it is critical to consider the idea of what CIA is. CIA stands for confidentiality, integrity, and availability (Kim, David, and Solomon pg. 12). Hackers today are focusing on stopping access to online services and systems by crashing a service through flooding services to the point that it is no longer available. These types of attacks are known as denial-of-service or DoS attacks. DoS attacks can either come from one IP address or from many computers located in various locations, which are known as distributed denial-of-service. Many viewpoints have been shared on the issue of denial-of-service attacks on ways to prevent such attack. Denial-of-service attacks are a major issue now and will continue to be an ongoing problem in the world of IT security. In this essay I will discuss the history of denial-of-service, the trends in denial-of-service, and the future of denial-of-service attacks.HISTORY OF DENIAL-OF-SERVICEDistributed denial of service attacks have grown larger in scale, more sophisticated and harder to detect, according to three large technology vendors that have recently published analyses of attacks (Crosman 2014). These programs have existed for several years and are becoming a bigger concern for security as technology advances. What started off as easy-to-use denial-of-service tools that users could download from the Internet has evolved into companies using them against its competitors to take them out of the market. With the overwhelming progress of the Internet during the last decade, a sizable number of vulnerable systems are now obtainable to hackers. The first well-documented DDoS attack occurred in August 1999, when a DDoS tool called Trinoo was deployed in at least 227 systems, to flood a single University of Minnesota computer, which was knocked down for more than two days (Bhuyan, Kashyap, Bhattacharyya, and Kalita 2014). Initially, the source addresses of the attacks were not spoofed and it was possible for the IT team to contact the owners of the infected machines who were launching the attack to instruct them to disinfect their systems. It didn't take the attacker long to change the system to spoofed source addresses (Heron 2010).TRENDS IN DENIAL-OF-SERVICEThe Internet community continues to experience DoS attacks on a daily basis. There has been a slight transformation in the kind of targets denial-of-service attacks. What we have seen is a solid increase in the capacity for hackers to easily organize large distributed denial-of-service (DDos) attack networks. In the race of obtainable expendable resources compared to the ability to expend those resources, today's DDoS networks resume to outpace accessible bandwidth in most cases. Most bandwidth DoS attack tools engage familiar, and well-used, types of packet...

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