Homelessness And Tuberculosis Essay

754 words - 3 pages

Pulmonary tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by slow growing bacteria called Myobacterium tuberculosis, which is usually spread from person to person by droplet nuclei through the air. Typically, the bacteria form lesions in the alveoli, ultimately damaging the area. According to Sia and Wieland (2011), an estimated one-third of the world's population is infected with tuberculosis. Factors that predispose an individual to contracting tuberculosis are malnutrition, overcrowding of public areas, poverty, substance abuse, and abroad travel. Common signs and symptoms of tuberculosis are productive cough, low fever, night sweats and hemoptysis. Tuberculosis is testes by a purified protein derivative (PPD). Often it is diagnosis via sputum smear or culture and a chest x-ray. The chest x-ray is to determine if the infection is active or latent. In Steven’s case the PPD was positive indicating an exposure to tuberculosis, and his chest x-ray was negative which indicated he does not have an active infection of it currently.
For a successful chance for rehabilitation and compliance with the tuberculosis medication regimen you must consider the family system in which he will be returning to, when planning for Steven’s release from juvenile hall. According to Stanhope and Lancaster (2008), when you consider the family as a client you focus on the individual and the family as a whole at the same time. The family as a system approach implies that when something affects one member of the family it affects all the other members also. Family is legally defined as a relationship involved by biological, genetic blood ties, adoption, guardianship or marriage. Although, more commonly a family is referred to as individuals who depend on one another for emotional, physical and financial support. A family can range from traditional to single-parent, stepparent, same gender or even a group of friends. This concept is especially important when considering Steve’s family. As Steven is estranged from his biological family and indentified a group of friends as his family. When considering his identified family in treatment plan will greatly increase Steven’s compliances.
The epidemiological and social care perspective of tuberculosis plays a major role in the management. Tuberculosis is likely to become more complex as the disease becomes increasingly concentrated in populations which experience poverty, poor access to health and social...

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