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Homer's Odyssey: Settings And Themes Of Book 13

791 words - 3 pages

 Book 13 of the Odyssey begins with Odysseus finishing his tale in the King Alcinous' palace. It is King Alicinous that tells Odysseus he will give him a safe passage home to Ithaca.  Odysseus is not surprisingly grateful and hopes that Alcinous and his people and island are blessed by the gods.  The king then gave Odysseus a great black ship with a crew and more treasure then he could have ever gotten from Troy.  The men sail Odysseus and his treasure home to Ithaca. 

When they arrive at Ithaca, they place Odysseus on a beach while he is sound asleep.  Poseidon sees that Odysseus has reached home and asks Zeus if he can punish Odysseus for the final time.  Zeus suggests he punish the Phaecians instead for helping Poseidon's enemy.  Therefore, as the Phaecians' ship is just outside the reach of their harbor on the journey home…Poseidon sends the ship crashing into the rocks.  Alcinous then speaks of a prophecy that his father told him - that the great god Poseidon would punish them, crash one of their ships, and raise a mountain blocking their harbor. 

Back on the island of Ithaca Odysseus awoke.  He awoke to meet Athena disguised as a shepherd boy.   Odysseus asked the boy where he was, because he had no idea, he thought the Phaecians did not bring him to his desired destination.  The boy tells him Ithaca.  In response to this, Odysseus created an extensive lie about who he is in front of Athena.  Athena then scolded him for this.  The Goddess then told Odysseus that Telemachus is with Menelaus searching for answers and tales of his father. 

            There are three settings in Book 13 of The Odyssey.  This book began in the kingdom of Alcinous where Odysseus began his short voyage home.  It later in the book comes back to this setting when Alcinous told of the prophecy and Poseidon punishing the Phaecians.  The second and main setting is Ithaca.  This was when Odysseus finally reached home.  It is here he met Athena and learned of his son's own personal odyssey. 

            A good deal of imagery was present in this chapter.  One image that stood out was that Odysseus was finally called King Odysseus (288).  This shows that Homer is trying to finally show...

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