Homicide Case Review
R v. Gittany
Question 1. Type of homicide
The type of homicide featured in the case of R v Gittany (2014) is intimate partner homicide, or more specifically intimate partner femicide as the victim was female. Intimate partner homicide is a sub-category of domestic homicide and is defined by the Australian Institute of Criminology (2015) as homicide occurring between intimate partners, where the perpetrator and victim share a current or previous relationship such as marriage, defacto, or dating partnership. An intimate relationship was evident in the case as at the time of the homicide incident, the victim and perpetrator were in a defacto cohabiting relationship and were engaged to become married (R v Gittany, 2013).
Question 2. Offender characteristics
The offender is named as Simon Gittany, a 40-year-old male at the time of the trial (38yrs old at the at the time of the homicide). The offender was born and raised in Australia and is of Lebanese descent. The offender is one of six children and was reported to have had a stable and caring upbringing, with his family being described as “close knit” (R v Gittany, 2014). Mr Gittany’s parents had allowed him to live with them for extended periods of time without paying rent and it was reported that his mother did everything for him, with Mr Gittany stating that it was "like living in a hotel" (R v Gittany, 2014).
After completing his Higher School Certificate, Mr Gittany was employed as a tiler whilst studying a TAFE course which he did not complete. His employment history was described as sporadic, as he rarely remained at any job for longer than six months (R v. Gittany, 2013). Mr Gittany undertook courses in religious studies and dramatic arts but did not complete them. He reported working for three years at the Sydney Morning Herald as an advertising account manager and claimed to be employed at Job Search at the time of his arrest, however there was no record of this (R v Gittany, 2013).
Mr Gittany had several previous criminal convictions, at the age of 18 years he was convicted of assault occasioning actual bodily harm. At the age of 21 he was convicted of two counts of receiving stolen property, assaulting a police officer in the execution of duty and malicious wounding of a police officer, he received a sentence of two and a half years periodic detention. In 2001, Mr Gittany was convicted of supplying prohibited drugs and being in the possession of property believed to be stolen (R v Gittany, 2014).
After the homicide incident, Mr Gittany underwent a personality test that showed “highly elevated and statistically significant scores” for a “schizoid”, “depressive” and “dependent” personality, individuals with these personality types often adopt a "peripheral role in social, work and family settings and may lack self-awareness or insight into the implications of interpersonal behaviour". It was also stated that “There was no doubt that the accused was controlling,...