Homosexuality is one of the most hot button issues in America today. Everyone has an opinion, some based on religious views others based on other external factors. People are afraid to talk about it because it’s something we don’t actually fully comprehend. This is because it scares people to admit they don’t know something. We need to find out if being a homosexual is something we are born with, or is it something we learn over time.
Review of the Research
There have been many research studies done to try and determine the actual cause of homosexuality. The most important one to date was conducted in 1993 (O'Riordan, 2012).
This particular study was done on the genes of homosexual males; it showed a relationship between the Xq28 genetic maker and same sex attraction in males (O'Riordan, 2012). This was an incredible advancement in the research on homosexuality. It showed many people that being gay was actually something out of our control, and that we have no way of changing these people. This study was never replicated successfully, therefore all of this is still hypothetical (O'Riordan, 2012). Although this study wasn’t able to be replicated it’s still one of the major milestones in the research on homosexuality. The study got a lot of news attention; this was because it was an answer for people (O'Riordan, 2012).
Although there has been a substantial amount of research done on homosexuality, some psychologists don’t want to abandon the belief that therapy is beneficial (Murphy, 2011). This could be because they are greedy and you can’t treat something we can’t control, or they truly believe therapy is helpful. It seems most psychologists aren’t actually opposed to the idea; they are more against being wrong. This makes sense when you think about it; they’ve spent years trying to change these people, only to find out it was all in vain. The research didn’t end there, there was a study done on 95 twin brother cases (Murphy, 2011). The study found that there as a substantial correlation between homosexuality being present in both brothers rather than only in one (Murphy, 2011). This shows that it’s more of a biological thing and is truly based on genetics (Murphy, 2011). This study also found that the correlation went deeper than previously thought. It found that twins that shared the same egg tended to take the same role in sexual activities (Murphy, 2011). That was something psychologists believed to be preposterous, but the research backed it up (Murphy, 2011).
Research didn’t stop with the genes of homosexual males; there were a number of correlation studies done (Blanchard, 2008). In this study they took a group of homosexual males and look into their families (Blanchard, 2008). This study showed that there was a correlation between homosexual males and a large number of older brothers (Blanchard, 2008). In the study they found that with every older brother the likelihood of the younger being homosexual increased dramatically,...