Among the local medium and large mammals, East Asian porcupine and Red Muntjac are the most abundant and widely distributed species in Hong Kong. They were recorded in over 50%of surveyed areas in 2002-06 by camera trapping (Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department). However, for one of their habitat, Tai Lam Country Park, which is located in Western of New Territories, the second largest country park in Hong Kong. In the past decade, the park has suffered from frequent hill fires and soil erosion. As using forestation to be a remedial measurement, some lush fire-resistant vegetation can see like Taiwan Acacia, Brisbane Box for instance (Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department).
In fact, usually the emergence of the hill fire are in the moderate slope and steep slope side, there are rugged terrain, partial exposed rock. Due to the long-term exposure to the sunlight, there are less moisture, also, affected by dry northwest monsoons in each year, therefore, the soil surface is weak and has low amount of nutrient accumulations (Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department).As restricted by the geographical environmental factor, the tree growth speed of slow than other planting forest.
As a result, large areas of burnt and the slow vegetation growth has wildlife such as Red Muntjac this kind of protected animals losing place for habitat and foraging. For example, as an herbivore, this mammal munches on leaves, twigs and various fruits. Also, excepting breeding season, this animal is solitary and territorial which likes to hide in dense shrubs and thick tree cover to avoid Domestic dogs, Burmese Pythons and Humans, uses its secretions from beneath its eyes to marks its territory (SPCA). However, in place like Tai Lam Country Park it is very harsh for Muntjac to survive in such a severe condition.
However, Recently, the development director of Hong Kong, Paul Chan, has proposed to develop the country park to build houses. Since 70% lands in Hong Kong belongs to the country park and as facing the acute shortages of houses supply, exploiting and changing the land use for housing has become a more and more serious problem in Hong Kong (Lau, Stuart Lau). Nevertheless, once the development of the country park project unfolded such as...