Honor In Plato, Sophocles, And Voltaire

2944 words - 12 pages

Plato writes of a philosophical man condemned to death in the court of law in The Trial and Death of Socrates. Socrates is punished for preaching of his gods and corrupting the youth of Athens. The next piece of work discussed is Antigone, written by Sophocles. Antigone is a young lady who feels it is her duty and obligation to defy Creon’s rule to properly bury her brother. Lastly, the text of Voltaire’s Candide displays how a man cannot find happiness even in the best of situations. Candide travels the world in the attempt to become a man of wealth and power and reunite with the love of his life.
First, a dig into the details of personal integrity will exemplify that Plato’s work best displays the concept of one’s own morals, honor, and respectability. By next exposing an exemplar role of a responsible citizen, one will observe that Sophocles’ writing creates a compelling case for the importance of maintaining a sensible role in society. And finally, reflecting on social dynamics will show that Voltaire’s claims demonstrate the importance of understanding the social influences of today’s world. Revealing Plato, Sophocles, and Voltaire’s pieces of writing will display the affairs of an individual’s integrity, one’s role in society, and of the social forces of the world today.
Probing into the integrity of an individual, one must ask the question: what is personal integrity? “A person of high integrity is honest, trustworthy, and reliable. One must do what is right and must not be easily influenced by another individual’s opinions or actions. Finally, a person of integrity does not take the easy way if it is the low moral way” (Integrity). When an individual fails to live up to their full potential of high integrity, there are many consequences including punishment, perception of a bad reputation, and possible conflict with the law. However, performing with great personal integrity gains the trust of others and allows one to become a role model for others to follow.
One can best see the illustration of personal integrity in Plato’s Apology when looking at Socrates’ fulfillment of life and his trial in court. Socrates is charged with three offenses under the court of law with the first offense being stated as: “All the Athenians, it seems, make the young into fine good men, except me, and I alone corrupt them” (Plato 28). The jury of 501 Athenian male residents did not have reasonable evidence to initially prosecute Socrates, but then went further to condemn him to death. Where is the high integrity of the jury? Clearly, this panel of judges did not have the morals and honest characters to see the innocence of an elderly man of wisdom. These men of judgment centered their decisions off Meletus’s accusations to pronounce Socrates as guilty without taking into consideration his argument of defense. Of all people, a jury should be making honest decisions. Plato shows that personal integrity is of great...

Find Another Essay On Honor in Plato, Sophocles, and Voltaire

Feminism in Sophocles' Antigone and Shakespeare's Othello

2442 words - 10 pages impressed by feminist works coming from a decidedly male-biased past. Two of the greatest works of Western literature, Antigone and Othello, written by the two great dramatists Sophocles and Shakespeare, have been said to illustrate feminist ideals in the "distant" past. Antigone, which embodies these ideals throughout and is primarily concerned with the inequity of gender roles, is such a play. Othello, while it contains occasional feminist sentiment

Moral and Political Law in Sophocles' Antigone

1451 words - 6 pages Moral and Political Law in Sophocles' Antigone In Sophocles' play Antigone, the tragedy is brought by the conflict between the moral laws and manmade political laws. Neither Kreon nor Antigone is clearly "right" or "wrong". In other words they are both "right" and "wrong". The moral laws are essential to keep faith in one's heart and have strength in oneself. Political laws help determine what is just and unjust to

Southern Honor Ethics and Behavior in the Old South

608 words - 2 pages Southern Honor Ethics and Behavior in the Old South To label slavery a crime is to insist that its white beneficiaries should have known what we know today, or to say that they had information that we now have access to. Southern Honor Ethics and Behavior in the Old South written by Bertram Wyatt-Brown; maintains that honor was the animating force in the antebellum South, the basis of the slaveholding South’s integrity. The white

Themes of Honor and Shame in Invisible Man

1366 words - 5 pages behave under certain conditions. These conditions are mostly related to honor and shame, pride and humiliation, ambition to take over and passivity. Dr. Bledsoe is a black person and the Headmaster of the College. For the analysis of his character and his role, the understanding of the college should be complete and clear. It is an education institute, founded by white people in the name of educating the black and giving them the opportunity

Fate in Voltaire and Kosinski's Literature: Everything happens for a reason

2129 words - 9 pages of togetherness and peaceful living. Though other major works were produced in the same time as Voltaire and Kosinski, there were wide disparities that are eminently revealed in such works. One of the noble works include that of Kurt Vonnegut, which vividly demonstrated how different authors would be paralleled with others writing on same subject in any given era. According to the works of Vonnegut there were massacre that were well committed

Arguments of Plato in The Republic and Aristotle in Poetics

1195 words - 5 pages What does imitation (mimesis) involve for Plato and Aristotle? Explain its different features. Mimesis, the ‘imitative representation of the real world in art and literature’ , is a form that was particularly evident within the governance of art in Ancient Greece. Although its exact interpretation does vary, it is most commonly used to describe artistic creation as a whole. The value and need for mimesis has been argued by a number of

Freedom and Responsibility in Understanding of Plato and Kant

1888 words - 8 pages In the works of Plato and Kant we can find both similarities and differences in how they understood the concepts of freedom and responsibility. This essay presents the points in which they converge and also the points in which they diverge in their understandings. Both Plato and Kant give the paramount importance to a person’s ability to reason; they both acknowledge that only through reasoning that is not hindered by prejudices and biases can

Blindness, Sight and Eyes in Sophocles' Oedipus The King

680 words - 3 pages The Deeper Meaning of Sight and Eyes in Sophocles' Oedipus The King In Sophocles' play, "Oedipus The King," the continuous references to eyes and sight possess a much deeper meaning than the literal message. These allusions are united with several basic underlying themes. The story contains common Ancient Greek philosophies, including those of Plato and Parmenides, which are often discussed and explained during such references. A third

Comparing Revenge in Aeschylus' The Oresteia Trilogy and Sophocles' Electra

835 words - 3 pages Revenge in Aeschylus' The Oresteia Trilogy and Sophocles' Electra   The act of revenge in classical Greek plays and society is a complex issue with unavoidable consequences. In certain instances, it is a more paramount concern than familial ties. When a family member is murdered another family member is expected to seek out and administer revenge. If all parties involved are of the same blood, the revenge is eventually going to wipe out the

Religious Beliefs in Aeschylus' Oresteia, Homer’s Iliad, and Sophocles’ Electra

1666 words - 7 pages Religious Beliefs in Aeschylus' Oresteia, Homer’s Iliad, and Sophocles’ Electra The final and definitive defeat of the Persian army at the battle of Plataea represented the end of an age-long threat to Athens. But the victory was also a miracle, as all the odds were against the Athenians at the onset of the war. While Pericles took charge of Athens after the war and started the advance of democracy, religion also thrived. The rebuilding of

Horror and Self-punishment in Sophocles' Oedipus Rex

879 words - 4 pages Horror and Self-punishment in Sophocles' Oedipus Rex An ancient plate portraying Oedipus listening to the riddle of the Sphinx. Oedipus Rex is a play whose qualities of inscrutability and of pervasive irony quickly come to complicate any critical discussion. It is a play of transformations in which things change before our eyes as we watch; where meanings and implications seem to be half-glimpsed beneath the surface of the text only to

Similar Essays

Faith And Honor In Latin America

1288 words - 5 pages Using The Faces of Honor as a reference, explain why honor was important and how it was defined and defended in colonial Latin American. Honor has been the bridge of many passions throughout the world and especially in Colonial Latin America. The real power of honor comes from its pervasive nature, the way it transcends class and race. "Nobles and commoners alike strove to maintain honor, simply defined as ones self-esteem as well as

Honor And Glory In Homer's Iliad

1543 words - 6 pages Honor and Glory in Homer's Iliad        Mortality, by its very nature, causes men's lives to be cut short at their primes.The Fates cut our lives short at any time, so the Greeks must have an example, a model mortal, to follow so as to make the "most of their lives."A model mortal is one who lives his life accumulating the most honor and glory: "he pressed for battle now where men win glory" (4: 259).By strictly adhering to the honor

Socrates And Plato In Phaedo Essay

1185 words - 5 pages tried to relate back to the theories because the possibility that the soul lives on forever leads to so many questions that all don’t necessarily have a reasonable answer or an answer at all, therefore Socrates idea that the soul is immortal is false. Works Cited "Phaedo, by Plato." : Phaedo. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Apr. 2014. Plato, and G. M. A. Grube. "Phaedo." Five Dialogues. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Pub., 2002. 93- 154. Print.

Mythology In And Around Sophocles' Antigone

2473 words - 10 pages     How extensive and deep are the mythological roots in the Greek Sophoclean tragedy Antigone? Research indicates that both within the drama and around it there are numerous mythological influences. The use of mythological elements in Greek tragedy is very compatible with the Greeks’ sense of history surrounding a drama. Martin Heidegger in “The Ode on Man in Sophocles’ Antigone” comments on the Greek audience’s sense of history and a