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Hoofdstuk 2 Child Essay

3848 words - 15 pages

New conditions, new organisationThe retreat form conventional forms of organisationDe vorm van verschillende organisatie hebben vaak dezelfde overeenkomsten ondanks verschillen in doel, locatie. Zelf 1000 jaar geleden hebben wij dit soort organisaties kunnen zien (han dynasty) waarbij eeb bepaalde vorm van organisatie tot het begin van de 20ste eeuw duurde. Inclusief functioneringsgesprekken etc.In de middeleeuwen gingen klooster samenwerkingen aan zoals het bespreken van specialisaties, het bespreken van hieracrchy, vertrouwen op regels en werken met projectteam om problemen op te lossen. Deze hoog geformuleerde organisatie was functional door de toenemende rijkdom maar liet weinig ruimte voor individuele self-determination.De zelfbeschikkingstheorie of zelfdeterminatietheorie (ZDT) is een door Edward L. Deci en Richard M. Ryan ontwikkelde macrotheorie over de menselijke motivatie. De kern van de theorie wordt gevormd door de stelling dat er drie natuurlijke basisbehoeften zijn die, indien deze bevredigd worden, een optimale functionering en groei van een persoon toestaan. Ook de intrinsieke motivatie van een persoon om doelen te bereiken hangt mede van de bevrediging van deze behoeften af. Een belangrijke stelling van de theorie is dat vormen van controle op het gedrag van anderen zorgt voor een afname van hun intrinsieke motivatie, omdat deze controle de bevrediging van de basisbehoeften frustreert."competentie"[2]"(relationele of sociale) verbondenheid"[3]"autonomie"[4]In de moderne tijd zijn organisaties betrokken met verschillende mate van bureaucratie van grote publieke en prive bedrijven. Bureaucratie is ontstaan door legal-rational principles of administratie and management en wordt aangevuld met principe of work organization, dit wordt verkondigd door F.w.Taylor de vader van scientific management. Deze vorm past het beste wanneer een organisatie is redelijke stabiel en continue van aard is.2e helft van de 20ste eeuw brak dit fundamentale model:Onderzoek wees uit dat bureaucratie in de praktijk niet noodzakelijk een bijdrage levert aan het realiseren van organisatie doelen. Zeker het geval bij een goede service naar de klant toe. Vaak moest men van de standaard afwijken (regels ens tructueren) om meer efficient te gaan werken.Studenten van organization komen tot de conclusie dat 1 model vaak niet werkt maar meerdere vormen van organisaties. Dit sluit het beste aan bij de verschillende condities zoals grootte, technologie en omgeving.Burns and Stalker identificeerde een bepaalde vorm van organisatie welke meer organisch en minder hiërarchisch is dan typisch het bureaucratische model (zie tabel 2.1) . De vorm is meer geleidend voor succes in turbulente, onvoorspelbare omgeving dan de meer mechanische-model.Daarnaast maakte men zich zorgen over de restrictive en oppressive impact(beperkende en beklemmende invloed) van bureaucratie heeft op indivudele.Steeds meer mensen in organisaties begonnen Taylor-manier model tegen te staan. Social...

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