Hooliganism Essay

1923 words - 8 pages

Sociology 1005 Akash RajoriaProfessor Ted HenkenDate 8th July 2014HooliganismBefore talking about football hooliganism, we should first clear up our minds and not to put ourselves in a dilemma to what this phenomenon can be defined as. What is football hooliganism? Nowadays today in the world there are many definitions that are given in the literature, but actually none of them really focuses and consolidates of what the whole problem is, I believe the main reason for hooliganism is something that has expanded all over the world which makes it is a very complicated problem; between the countries, and as well as within countries and football clubs, there are many distinctions. For instance: some hooligan groups are very well organized, others not; one group is more violent than the other; some violence is directly related to sport, other not, etc. Hooliganism is categorized into not only violent behavior of the fans towards the opposition's fans but in addition also towards the players as well. There are various types of hooliganism in soccer which can be characterized as follows taunting, e.g. by abusive chanting, sometimes obscene spitting, unarmed fighting, throwing of objects on to the pitch, either in an attempt to harm players and officials or as a gesture of insult (as when bananas are thrown towards players of black African origin, the implication being that they are monkeys), throwing of objects at opposing supporters, including stones, bricks, use of pyrotechnic devices such as flares and smoke bombs, fighting with weapons including sports bats, glass bottles, rocks, rebar, knives, machetes and firearms, disorderly crowd behavior such as pushing, which may cause stadium fixtures such as fences and walls to collapse. In extreme cases hooligans, police and bystanders are killed because of the riot caused. Critics argue that these media representations glamorize violence and hooligan lifestyle. This specific type of hooliganism led to a very disastrous scenario and a very well known football called Liverpool FC's club ground Hillsborough ended up collapsing and resulted in death of hundreds of innocent fans that came to enjoy the game of football.The causes include the psychological need to belong drives people to create organizations emphasizing values like commitment and loyalty. Since football in England, is a competitive, physical sport attracting a young audience who enjoy the game themselves; the members of these groups are generally youthful and aggressive. These groups are similar to gangs because of their emphasis on selective unity and proximity to violence. The members of these gangs can join out of a need to belong or as a result of societal pressure. This kind of division between cultural borders as a result of supporting different clubs create friction and spark the necessity for firms of hooligans; without the division and separations between clubs, there would be no reason to initiate fights between disagreeing clubs...

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