Synthesis Essay: of “Hoping for a peaceful democracy in the middle east”
The protest in the Middle East have garnered a great attention from people all over the world. The images of a revolution that would open the doors for democracy was in the majority heads. However, the cost of democracy has been and still is bloody faces and lost innocent lives. Since the so called Arab spring started, thousands of civilian have lost their lives. In Syria alone the civil war has acclaimed 93,000 lives, according to the UN chief of human rights (Jolly, 2013). In addition, Egypt is gradually slipping into a civil war. The dream of a democratic country free from any authoritarian and tyrant regimes have turned into an unexpected nightmare that is speculated to even take an intimidated twist in the future. Why did that happen and why could not Middle Eastern countries have a peaceful transition to democracy? The aim of this article is to show that even though the majority of people are pessimistic about the revolution in the Middle East, a peaceful transition is possible because such idea is supported by the public, but in order for that to happen the world nations have to stand up for democracy and the civil rights.
The violence and the disturbing images of killed bodies on the streets is not due to a barbaric attitude of the people, rather it is the oppression and love of power of the current regimes that led to this tragic situation. In his article “The Middle East’s democracy deficit in comparative perspective”, Mehran Kamrava asserts that the people of the Middle Eastern countries have suffered from the previous despotic regimes for centuries and are thirsty for freedom and democracy. The problem, he suggests, is within the tyrannical political system, which is inherently authoritarian and could wage wars to hold on to his power (Kamrava, 2007, p. 190). Parallel to this view is the perspective of Robert Springborg in his article “The Middle East's democracy gap: Causes and consequences”. He contends that the current governments in the Middle East are adopting strategies to control their people. One strategy is hiring people to work in governmental institutions and constraining the ability of private companies to invest in the country, such investment if it is allowed would strengthen and liberate such institutions to a relative power in political front (Springborg, 2007, P. 233). In my point of view, such great aspiration of power and greed have created an autocratic system that would smash any movement that demand their right in ruling the country. Therefore, the current bloody development and unjustified oppression is an expected attitude of a long standing repressive regimes.
One major controversial issue is the role of culture and more specifically religion in the transitional democracy process. In the Middle East, the predominant religion is Islam and it has been for hundreds of years. Political scholars have mixed views on the impact of Islam on...