Hospitality In The Iliad Essay

1321 words - 5 pages ✓ Expert Reviewed

Hospitality in the Iliad gives us an insight in ancient greece and was a major characteristic of their culture. In the Iliad there are many instances of the applications of hospitality in the lives of the people back then. We use the Iliad as a tool to look into their culture because this would have been passed down orally for generations as some of the only literature they had. SO their worldviews and values would be apparent in these precious tales.
Hospitality in the greek is Xenia which was the guest to host friendship and obligations of the host and guest. The giving of gifts was usually done between guests and hosts. They really strived for a symbiotic give and take relationship in which the host does most of the leg work but a honorable and good guest would give so gift or reward in return. The only time when the host could really reject or throw out a guest was when a guest violated xenia terribly to the point where Zeus would give the order to seek justice for an act of such magnitude. For example when Paris is a guest in the King of Sparta Menelaus’ house as a guest and then steals his beautiful daughter from him and runs away. The theft of a princess is a major offense and would definitely deserve some repercussions it says many times in the Iliad of how the gods disapprove of this act.
Although, most of the time the host is at a major injustice because direspect runs ranpant through visitors and unless they do something deserving of a ten year war Xenia would inmplie that you would have to tough it out until they leave. The intensity of these rules comes into question when Paris, Hectors brother,who has just instigated the war,is found “polishing fondling his splendid battle gear” (Iliad 6.378) as the trojans get destroyed all around the city.It would be a normal course of action for Hector to throw Paris out since he is disrespecting the kindness of his brother. But in ancient Greece his hands are tied. There is a major catch to the rule of hospitality through ancient Greece, the guests dont have to be very respectful at all to their hosts. Although Paris is not just a passer by, this is not his castle, he is being sheltered in the city from a war he started and is not exactly in good standing with the trojans. This eventually leads to a disregard of justice because with the added benefit for people who really need shelter comes the bad of having to always show hospitality even to those who do not deserve it. It is apparent, that Greek xenea was something that happened sparingly and dusted off when needed. You needed to show xenea even if it was not in your best interest.
Hospitality in ancient Greece can make make friendships that make a lasting impact. And in the Iliad Greece and Troy, countries that both had a strong grasp on hospitality or xenia, are in a difficult time. They are at war and have been at war for eight to nine years and have lost many people over a cause that most of them do not believe in. These values are...

Find Another Essay On Hospitality in the Iliad

Grief in The Iliad Essay

651 words - 3 pages Grief in The Iliad There are many lessons that can be learned from reading Homer's The Iliad. One of which is understanding the stages of grief. One can literally watch Achilles go through all five stages when he morns the death of his comrade Patroclus. Achilles moves through Denial and Isolation, Depression, Anger, Bargaining and Acceptance in the short time after his close friends death. "Sheltered under his curving, beaked ships he...

HEROISM IN THE ILIAD Essay

1122 words - 4 pages In the Iliad there are many characters that could be considered heroic. But the two main characters that stand out as heroes to me are swift-footed Achilles and flashing-helmet Hector. Numerous times throughout the epic they display qualities and traits that are unsurpassed by anyone on their side. Many times throughout the epic Achilles and Hector are tested for their strength, and will to win in battle, which for both warriors always ends up...

Glory in the Iliad

950 words - 4 pages the Iliad this way, based on it’s many vivid battle descriptions and apparent lack of remorse for the deaths that occur. This, however, is not how war is presented in the Iliad. Homer presents a very practical outlook on war countering the attainment of the glory with the reality of its price and the destruction it causes. He successfully does this by showing the value of the lives of each person that dies and, in a sense, mourning their...

Globalization in the Hospitality Industry

1156 words - 5 pages countries are moving closer to globalization and this in turn is beginning to blend many cultures together. Developing countries are expanding their role in the tourism industry as countries are discovering that this is one of the quickest ways to earn revenue.Tourism blends many countries together in the service sector. The hospitality industry relies heavily on tourism and is the driving force behind sectors such as food and beverage as...

Greek Hospitality in the Odyssey

979 words - 4 pages When it comes to hospitality, Greeks stand atop the list of all cultures for their generosity and politeness towards strangers. “Philoxenia” is the Greek word for “the love of strangers”. Philoxenia is demonstrated in several different cases in Homer’s The Odyssey. According to Greek customs, hospitality is respected by the immortal gods. If the Greek code of hospitality is not performed correctly, or not performed at all...

Hospitality in The Hebrew Scriptures

2164 words - 9 pages To welcome the other, the friend or the stranger, is a fundamental aspect of human society, friendship, love and life. It is the intersection of two lives, an event that can fundamentally alter the paths of all those involved. This importance within the basic functioning of human life makes the recognition of hospitality as a central theme of the Hebrew Scriptures an unsurprising reality. With this in mind then, through this essay we will...

Achiles’ Shield in the Iliad

3954 words - 16 pages Achiles’ Shield as an Element of Contradistinction in the Iliad The Iliad is an epic of death. It is a tale of conflict, battle, agony, and horrific mutilation. Honor and glory are attained through warfare. The great shield of Achiles stands out in this context because it depicts the glories of an orderly, functioning, productive civilization. This depiction of life stands in stark contrast to the scenes of death that constitute a large...

Greek Gods in the Iliad

975 words - 4 pages /watch?v=OB91m1kqbzk" title="Iliad">Homer's Iliad.The gods picked who they would favour for different reasons. Except Zeus: As the symbol of supreme authority and justice, he makes judgement calls as to the other gods' involvement in the war, remains impartial, and doesn't seem to get caught up in picking favourites. Even when his own son, Sarpedon, was about to die, Zeus chose to let the outcome go unaltered.On the other hand...

The Role Of Computers in Hospitality Management

3051 words - 12 pages technology investment. For now the lack of management's understanding of technology has led to dissatisfaction with results and a reluctance to pursue further implementations of technology(1995: 296)The use of computerisation in the hospitality industry has changed greatly over the past twenty years. The launch of low-cost personal computers in the early 1980s started an explosion in the use of technology that is still continuing today...

Going Green In The Hospitality Industry

996 words - 4 pages University of Maryland. According to the USA Today article, the Marriot hotel uses 30% less energy than a comparable property. In turn, the hotel makes a better profit because it has lower operational costs. Green hotels are also changing their cleaning habits by using The example of this location gives the hotel industry as a whole less reason to resist change to greener options. Lodging Hospitality examines these cost-saving options in a September...

The Importance of Hospitality in the Odyssey

873 words - 3 pages Xenia in The Odyssey Hospitality today is nothing like it was in Ancient Greece. Today, good hospitality is being friendly and respectful to a guest. In Ancient Greece, hospitality was something people had to do, or face the wrath of Zeus. Zeus’s law of hospitality is that any stranger that comes to your home, the host must be willing to feed, entertain, and maybe offer them a bath and anything else they might be in need of without question...

Similar Essays

Hospitality in the odyssey Essay

972 words - 4 pages Hospitality is a way of life in a wide variety of cultures. The ways the people in different cultures act towards their guests may differ. Good hospitality is and was an important part of Greek tradition. In TheOdyssey there are examples of Xenia being followed and violated.Xenia is shown time and again throughout The Odyssey. People open their homes up to whoever happens to stumble across them. Throughout their many journeys, both...

Heroes in the Iliad Essay

1124 words - 4 pages hero. His dedication and strict belief in the code of honor is illustrated many times throughout the course of The Iliad. An example of this is presented in book three of the poem, where Hektor reprimands Paris for refusing to fight. He says to Paris, "Surely now the flowing-haired Achains laugh at us, thinking you are our bravest champion, only because your looks are handsome, but there is no strength in your heart, or courage" (3:43...

Women In The Iliad Essay

1630 words - 7 pages The famous epic poem the Iliad, written by Homer, is based on the Trojan War and mythology. The gods in this novel are very significant. They control what happens to the mortals and the results of conflicts. Achilles, the main character, is thought to be the greatest fighter of all, and as quick as a lion on an antelope. He is the great one who eradicates Hector out of...

Fate In The Iliad Essay

719 words - 3 pages According to Homer, fate is the supreme ruler in the lives of humanity. No matter how talented or determined you may be, in the end it is fate, which directs the happenings in a person's life. Throughout his books the Iliad and the Odyssey, Homer emphasizes the effect of fate on the lives of mankind. Homer especially illustrates this view of fate's control in the character of Hektor in the Iliad. Hektor was a religious man...