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How A Bill Is Made Into A Law

865 words - 4 pages

The basic idea for a law can originate from an array of places ranging from a concerned citizen to the President. In order for a bill to become a law it must begin in either the House or the Senate and can only be introduced by a member of Congress (Schwalbe, 2014). In order for a bill to have a chance at becoming a law it must go through various different stages which include committee consideration, floor debate(by House and Senate), conference committees, and then if both houses pass the bill it is then sent to the president to either be signed and become a law or vetoed. When the president gets the bill he actually has up to five options on what to do with it. (Schwalbe, 2014). He can pass it as a law by both dating and signing it or by not signing it after 10 days, if Congress is in session. The president may also veto the entire bill, where it goes back to congress with notes listing his reasons. If the legislation that originated the bill overrides the president’s veto by two-thirds and in both chambers, it can become a law. Finally, if Congress adjourns within 10 days of giving the bill to the president and he does not sign it the bill dies (Pocket Veto) (Schwalbe, 2014). One example of a pocket veto is H.R. 3808, Interstate Recognition of Notarizations Act of 2010, which was President Obama’s first pocket veto. The reasoning behind this bill was to require notarizations to use a seal of office as a symbol of the notary public’s authority; or have the seal information in the case of an electronic record securely attached to or associated with the electronic record to render tamper resistant ( H.R.3808, 2010). According to, the bill would have mandated that notarizations of mortgages and other financial documents done in one state, including electronic documents, be recognized in others (Calmes, Streitfield 2010). When bills are not signed it isn’t the end of their existence and sometimes they just need to be looked at further. In the case of H.R. 3808 it was returned to the house or representatives and it needed to be further deliberated about the intended and unintended impact of the bill on consumer protections (Pfeiffer, 2010).
Another example of how bills and laws work is shown with the Student Loan Fairness Act of 2013(H.R. 1330). Authored by Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass) and sponsored by Representative Karen Bass (CA-37), if this bill is signed into a law it would dramatically lower the interest...

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