How Agriculture Was Not The Complete And Total Basis For American Economies In The North And South During The 17th Century

837 words - 3 pages

The English colonies in the New World were not started for the purpose of being long-term settlements. In 1606, King James I of England granted the Virginia Company of London, a joint-stock company, a charter for settling in the area of present-day Virginia (The American Pageant, p. 28). The purpose was to gain a quick profit, but instead it hatched the beginning of a major colonization experiment. Beginning in Jamestown, colonization spread north up to present-day Maine, and south down to present-day Georgia. As the colonies developed, they were put into two categories; northern and southern. Topography, climate, and the various motivations for colonizing had a large influence on the economies of the two parts of English America. Although some may believe that agriculture was the economy of all of the English colonies, the effects of topography, climate, and motivations for colonization separated the economies of the northern and southern colonies.Topography was the main influence on the economies of the northern and southern colonies. Comparing the two, the north, especially New England, had thin, rocky, soil, making farming difficult (An Outline of American History). As an exception, the "breadbasket colonies," which consisted of New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, were able to harvest wheat. Because of New England's poor surface features, it became industrial. Cities like Boston and Philadelphia were used to collect the agricultural products, and export them (Kulikoff). The south, on the other hand, had extremely fertile soil, which is why they were very agricultural. The southern economy was called a plantation economy. Although they produced so many crops, they had few inland rivers in which they could use for exporting. That is why they shipped their crops north (Wood). Agricultural products, such as wheat, corn, tobacco, and rice, were in high demand in England and Europe, and that is what made topography a building block for colonial economies (Kulikoff).A major influence on economy, which was connected to topography, was climate. The north, in general, was industrial because it had very cold and long winters, and made it hard to plant staple crops annually (An Outline of American History). The south had warm winters and hot summers, which made it ideal for planting staple crops such as rice, which required humid temperatures and marshlands. It also made it ideal for virtually any staple crop, because it could be maintained annually. The growing of tobacco originated in the southern colonies. It contributed to the "agricultural, fiscal, manufacturing, and exporting divisions of colonial economy," (Hemphill)....

Find Another Essay On How agriculture was not the complete and total basis for American economies in the north and south during the 17th century

How the Salem Witch Trials relate to the changes occuring during the late 17th century in colonial British America

744 words - 3 pages Colonial America was bursting with changes throughout the late 17th century and into the early 18th century. A new time era known as "The Enlightenment" came about which brought many advances in medicine, science, botany, and education. Also, the "Great Awakening", a time of great religious revival flourished. A well known event, the Salem Witch Trials were known as an essential turning point in history. It showed how religion and government

Galileo:Scientist, Scholar, Rebel. Portrays life for Galileo during the 17th century and the struggles he overcame to prove his theories about the Earth revolving around the Sun

1684 words - 7 pages confess he was a heretic several times, and each time he refused. After several weeks Galileo's trial came to an end, he was forced to recant his theories. His sentence was house arrest for the rest of his life. During the Seventeenth century it was likely for death to be a consequence, but Galileo had many close friends on the Inquisition defending him.Even after his sentence to house arrest he was not silenced. Galileo blind and near death, soon

Compare and contrast eighteenth-century (1700 to 1799) slavery as it existed in the North and in the South

889 words - 4 pages South American region, especially Brazil, was the home for many people, because of the trans-Atlantic slave trade. The slave trade led to the mixing of races. In South America, the escaped slaves, indigenous people, and the tensions between the colonial countries of Europe shaped the region. After the end of the Dutch monopoly on the slave trade in 1690, the British merchants in the southern colonies carried thousands of slaves from Africa. The

History about Holland during the 16th and 17th century. How Holland became what it is now with a brief description of historical civil war and royality

2378 words - 10 pages the white people as a retribution. A party of warriors visited the settlement under the guise of friendship, and massacred the whole of them in their houses and in the fields. This crime was for-given, and the Indians and Hollanders remained friends.A competition with the English and Dutch for American possessions now appeared in the North. The enlightened Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden, had looked with longing eyes westward as he heard from

The Different Strategies Used by the North and South During the Civil War

725 words - 3 pages Reconstruction of the United States. The war raged for four years yet most people believed the North would prevail. The military might, resources, and military strategies used by the North made it nearly impossible for the South to win. The Confederate state’s strategy for winning the war was to try to weaken the North and to enlist the help of England and France. The South was out numbered in terms of men, ammunition, and supplies. The Union army

How have different historians interpreted the question of whether the monetary gain by Europe was worth the death and destruction of the American Indians during the colonization and genocide of North...

2449 words - 10 pages prisoners in South Africa and for the Indians in the wild west; and often praised to his inner circle the efficiency of America's extermination - by starvation and uneven combat - of the red savages who could not be tamed by captivity.". I think that this very clearly shows Hitler's view on the topic - he idolized the Spaniards and completely agreed with and arguably copied their philosophy - but, as Adolf Hitler was a racist fascist who couldn't care

Discuss the negative and positive aspects of the development of agriculture. Was it, or was it not the worst mistake in the history of the human race?

1710 words - 7 pages Discuss the negative and positive aspects of the development of agriculture. Was it, or was it not the worst mistake in the history of the human race?Agriculture is not just a way of growing food; it involves in whole spectrum of cultural changes and adaptations by early human communities. The demands and effects of practicing agriculture as a means of survival created a new kind of community life, with new opportunities and new problems for

Why was there such a large number of witch trails in the 17th Century?

1704 words - 7 pages What were the reasons for such a large number of witch trails in the 17th century?Witchcraft has been a fascination through out the centuries. In the 17 century Witchcraft grew from superstition. Witchcraft became the common name for anything unexplained, so anything at all out of place or out of the ordinary was at risk, this is probably one of the contributing factors for such a large number of confessions. This essay shows how and why

American expansion in the 19th century was an act of aggressive imperialism, not manifest destiny

773 words - 3 pages gaining new resources, land for agriculture, and natural resources. Also, the gain of this territory was far from inevitable.During the 19th century, the United States engaged in conflicts with both Great Britain and Mexico with victories yielding land. Although the boundary between Maine and Canada was determined by the Webster-Ashburn Treaty, the "battle of the maps" between Americans and British spurred negotiations. The southern border of Texas

Why Slavery Prospered in the South but not in the North

1216 words - 5 pages the North. The length of the winter months in the North was equivalent to the length of the summer months in the South. In the North, winters were lengthy and extremely cold. The summer months were viciously hot and very humid. The growing season in the Northern states lasted only four to five months. The North was not considered a suitable area for many types of agriculture. Although it did have a great amount of rain each year, it was still

Was there really a separate North and South?

1309 words - 5 pages speaks about one of them. It was when she did make it to the north and was on a trip from Philadelphia to New York by train. Here she learned that it wasn’t all equal rights in the north as many people perceived it to be. “This was the first chill to my enthusiasm about the Free States. Colored people were allowed to ride in a filthy box, behind white people, at the south, but there they were not required to pay for the privilege. It made me sad to

Similar Essays

North And South Advantages And Disadvantage During The American Civil War

770 words - 3 pages The Civil war was the bloodiest war in American history. The South had many advantages at the beginning of the war but they were short term advantages. The South relied heavily on trade from the North but didn't realize it until the North stopped buying their cotton. The North had population and industry on their side of the war. The problem with the North is that not all northerners wanted to go to war. The reason the south took four years for

19th Century England As Depicted In North And South, The Outcast And A Living Wage For Factory Girls At Crewe

1372 words - 5 pages The nineteenth century was a time of significant upheaval, embodied by individuals challenging the institutions of the Victorian era and striving to achieve self determination. The conflicting relationship between the individual and society becomes apparent through analysing the individual’s confrontation with the orthodox economic and philosophical Victorian paradigms. Elizabeth Gaskell’s novel, North and South (1855), Richard Redgrave’s

Witchcraft In North America Between 17th And 21st Century

2147 words - 9 pages celebrated. The Satanist witch is the enemy not merely of individual neighbours but of the whole society.” [8] Witchcraft in the United State began in 1645 when Hugh and Mary Parsons accuse each other of witchcraft. During seventeenth century witchcraft was a series crime and was punishable by hangings or burning. However “Hugh was found innocent, while Mary was acquitted of witchcraft but sentenced to be hanged for the death of her child. However she

17th Century China: An Influential And Powerful Empire This Essay Was To Be One That Compared Two Major Empires From The 17th 18th Century And How Significant They Were To The West And The World

1694 words - 7 pages There were many different stable and wealthy empires in 1680, filled with flourishing economies and powerful leaders. As an influential and growing empire, China was deemed to be the strongest among the many other nations that existed in the 17th century. In order for acountry to be truly successful and powerful, it must meet certain criteria. An empire must be unified, led by a strong government that satisfies its people's needs. To meet those