This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

How And Why Did The Cold War End?

847 words - 3 pages

There were many factors that brought about the conclusion of the Cold War. The declining Soviet economy, the rise of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, the initiatives take by the U.S. and the Soviet Union were all influential determinates that helped bring the Cold War to an end.The Soviets had enjoyed great achievements on the international stage before Reagan entered office in 1981. These achievements included the unification of their socialist ally, Vietnam in 1976, and a string of socialist revolutions in Southeast Asia, Latin America, and Africa, however the country's strengthening ties with Third World nations in the 1960s and 1970s only masked utter weakness next to the United States.The Soviet economy suffered severe structural problems. Reform stalled between 1964-1982 and supply shortages of consumer goods were becoming notorious. The 1980s saw weak leadership in the Soviet Union. In 1982 Leonid Brezhnev died to be replaced by the short-lived Yuri Andropov and then Konstantin Chernenko who also quickly died, to be replaced by a rising politician, Mikhail Gorbachev.East-West tensions eased rapidly after the rise of Mikhail Gorbachev. After the deaths of three elderly Soviet leaders in a row since 1982, the Politburo elected Gorbachev Soviet Communist Party chief in 1985, marking the rise of a new generation of leadership. Under Gorbachev, relatively young reform-oriented technocrats, who had begun their careers in the prime days of "de-Stalinization" under reformist leader Nikita Khrushchev (1953-1964), rapidly consolidated power, providing new momentum for political and economic liberalization, and the impetus for cultivating warmer relations and trade with the West, which would eventually bring about the close of the Cold war.The Cold War's end was brought closer thanks to the renewed friendlinss taking place between The USSR and the USA. On October 11, 1986 Reagan and Gorbachev met in Reykjavik, Iceland, in an effort to continue discussions about scaling back their intermediate missile arsenals in Europe. The talks broke down in failure, however, afterwards, Soviet policymakers increasingly accepted Reagan administration warnings that the U.S. would make the arms race a huge burden for them. The twin burdens of the Cold War arms race on one hand, and the provision of large sums of foreign and military aid, which their socialist allies had grown to expect, on the other possibly left Gorbachev's efforts to boost production of consumer goods and reform the stagnating economy all but impossible, and the bleak prospect of the Soviet Economy declining even more than it already was was a major catalyst in pushing the Soviets towards a peaceful...

Find Another Essay On How and why did the Cold War End?

By the end of the Eighteenth Century, Medical Education had undergone Substantial changes. How and why did this happen?

1217 words - 5 pages which allowed the development of new departments which changed the teachings of medicine. By the end of the century ‘…twenty-eight English provincial towns had a general hospital’ (Porter, p.298). Hospitals began to endow new departments like the opening of a cancer ward in Middlesex in 1791. Even though hospitals could only treat ‘…a fraction of the sick’ and their effects were ‘…somewhat light’ (Porter, p.298) the hospital allowed the creation

Why did the economic growth of the post-war 'Golden Years' come to an end in the mid-1970s?

1719 words - 7 pages combination of deflation and shrinking energy demand that handed Western Europe into a recession. (Derek, 1997)In fact, things that placed government into a dilemma were the persistency of inflation and what did this period showed is the impact of incompetence of monetary policy and lack of understanding how to deal with the new situation. Those problems occurred simultaneously, hence, pushed the "Golden Year" come to an end in the 1970s.Beside those

How did the cold war effect australia

1030 words - 4 pages The Cold War originally referred to a struggle or a conflict that had not escalated into fighting and military conflict, that is, had not escalated into a hot war. Between 1945 and 1991, the United States and the Soviet Union saw each other as potential enemies, threatening each other's larger global economic, political, and military goals. The Cold War thus was global competition between the United States and the Soviet Union to shape and

How Did the Cold War Affect the Politics of Germany and Italy?

2289 words - 9 pages How did the Cold War affect the politics of Germany and Italy? The Cold War was the most important historic event in the 20th century after the Second World War, from 1945 till 1991 between two most powerful countries in that period – Soviet Union and USA. The Cold War invested a lot in world politics. What is the Cold War? This was a war for dominance in the world. In 1945 the USA was the only one country in the world that had the nuclear

How did the Berlin Crisis of 1958-61 affect and change the Cold War?

2489 words - 10 pages the tanks were aiming to take down the wall, and so deployed 33 of their own tanks. Ten Soviet tanks and ten US tanks faced each other down at Checkpoint Charlie, for the first time in the Cold War. Soviet troops were told to respond with force if they encountered force, and NATO was alerted by the US. The situation was defused when Kennedy contacted Khrushchev and it was agreed that the US would withdraw if the Soviets did so first. In this way

How did the war end for the US? How did war end for the Vietnamese? How was this possible?

525 words - 2 pages During the 1060?-1975, there was a war called Vietnam War. It was a major war between the US and Vietnam. But as a result, the North Vietnamese defeated the US and united Vietnam. But how was this possible? And how did the war end for both countries? The Vietnam War was a useless war for the US. The aim of US involvement into the Vietnam War was contains spreading of communism but the consequence of the US involvement was completely fault

Why did the South lose the Civil War and how did the North win?

579 words - 2 pages There are a few reasons why the South lost the Civil War. One reason is that the North not only outmanned the South but also at almost every point, militarily. The South was also outclassed industrially. If it was not for European recognition and military aid the South would have never had a chance to win. Industrially the South could not keep up in out put and in manpower. By the end of the war the South had, more or less, plenty of weaponry

Ronald Reagan and the End of the Cold War

2042 words - 8 pages The cold war was a post-World War II struggle between the United States and its allies and the group of nations led by the Soviet Union. Direct military conflict did not occur between the two superpowers, but intense economic and diplomatic struggles erupted. Different interests led to mutual suspicion and hostility in a rising philosophy. The United States played a major role in the ending of the cold war. It has been said that

End of the Cold War and Revolution in Romania

1671 words - 7 pages IN SEARCH OF EUROPE I - THE COLD WAR, 1945-1989 PL30294 Semester I, 2014-2015 seminar 4 Daria Iumaeva !! Why did the Cold War in Europe end largely without violence? ! Introduction In the late 1980s USSR faced with serious problems and could no longer support the "brothers" socialist countries. At the same time an example of restructuring ('perestroyka') intensified reformists in Eastern Europe. Their influence among the population grew and

How and why did the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the US entry in World War

1222 words - 5 pages involved but in general there were three main reasons why it ended the war and why it turned the course of the war; US entry in war generally made the war finish earlier, Germany isolation in war also made the war earlier and Russian Revolution made the turning point in the course of war.The first major reason that affected the end of war was US entry. But first we should think why US got involved in the war. There are two major points why the US

The End of the Cold War

1644 words - 7 pages The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union resulted in major shift in United States foreign policy. For years, the United States supported tyrannical dictators in return for stable anti-communist government receptive to United States interests. The Cold War resulted in a new world order with the United States as the lone global hegemonic power. In Eastern Europe in particular, the end of the Cold War ushered in an era of

Similar Essays

How And Why Did America 'win' The Cold War

3457 words - 14 pages freedom ensured the demise of the USSR. Unfortunately for that country, these freedoms also ushered in more than a decade of stagnation, depression and reduced standards of living, problems from which the Russian Federation has only emerged in the last few years.In conclusion, how and why did the USA win the Cold War? Arguably, there was actually more than one winner. Certainly, democracy won as it replaced the one-party communist system in not

'the End Of The Cold War Gave New Political And Security Dimensions To Eu/Us Relations, Demonstrated Particularly In Their Approaches To European Order.' Why, And How?

2176 words - 9 pages 'The end of the Cold War gave new political and security dimensions to EU/US relations, demonstrated particularly in their approaches to European order.' Why, and how?The ending of predominant Cold War hostilities between the Western world and the Former Soviet Union at the end of the 1980's significantly affected EU and US relations. The transatlantic framework, which had been developing between these two entities over the last forty years

Why Did The War Not End Before Christmas 1914?

876 words - 4 pages The first World War started in July-August 1914. There were two major groups with many powerful countries involved. The countries were Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy on one side and Great Britain, France and Russia on the other side.Much before the war started, Germany had formulated Schlieffen Plan first in 1905 and modified it in 1911. The plan had assumed that if there was any outbreak of war in Europe, France would automatically join

Why Did The Bws End? Essay

869 words - 4 pages post 1971. The conclusion that is drawn is that the relative success or failure of the Bretton Woods system varies according to the aspect being looked at as a measure and also depending on the affected party n question. Section I - Why did the Bretton Woods system end? The Bretton Woods system was a landmark order and its decline and the underlying causes for the same has been a focus of various studies. Through this essay the factors that are