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How Basketball Works Essay

1033 words - 5 pages

Did you know that the first ever hoops were simply just peach baskets and the first backboards were made of wire? Surprisingly in 1972 college basketball was only televised regionally. Interestingly enough Walt Fraizer was the first player to get paid to where certain shoes!! Starting from the days of the peach baskets basketball has come a long way in the rules, the teams, its history, and the NBA.
Basketball was invented in 1891 by a man named James Naismith and the first game was played in December 1891. Basketball was named an Olympic sport in 1936. Two leagues called the National Basketball League (NBL) and the Basketball Association of America (BAA) merged after the 1948-49 season to become today’s National Basketball Association (NBA). The NBA was formed in 1949. The American Basketball Association (ABA) was a 10-team rival league to the NBA that began to play in the 1967-68 season but unfortunately folded nine years later in the 1975-76 season. Four current NBA teams Indiana Pacers, Denver Nuggets, New York Knicks, and San Antonio Spurs originated in the ABA. The NBA established the three-pointer before the 1979-80 borrowing the idea from the ABA. Basketball originated in the US but is now played worldwide by both men and women. To be able to have a basketball history you must have rules.
The first formal rules were set in 1892. It is played by two teams of five (plus substitutes), usually indoors. The court can be up to 91ft long and 49ft wide. At each end there is a backboard on which a bottomless net hangs from a hoop 10ft above the floor. Basketball is played on a rectangular floor called a court. The court is broken up into two main sections by the mid-court line. The US standard court is 94ft/28.7m long and 54 ft/16.5m wide.
The object of the game is to put the ball through the opposing teams basket to score points. In standard play, 2 points are scored when the ball is thrown in the basket from a zone close by and 3 points are scored from farther away. The team with the ball is called offense. Players move the ball by dribbling or passing it while dashing down the court. If the offensive team puts the ball into action behind the mid-court line, they have 10 seconds to get the ball over the mid-court line. If they don’t the team on defense is awarded the ball. The team without the ball is called defense. Their job is to try to steal the ball, block shots, and intercept passes. Each player has a position. There is one center, two forwards, and two guards. The centers are usually the tallest players on the team and are normally stationed near the basket. The forwards are usually a bit shorter than the centers. They usually are positioned under the hoop, in the wings, or the corners. The guards generally are the shortest players on the team. Their job is to bring the ball down the court and set up offensive plays. In basketball the goal is to score points but the challenge is to not commit any fouls.

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