How Does Arthur Miller Create Tension In The "Trial Scene" Of "The Crucible"?

1254 words - 5 pages

The Crucible was written by Arthur Miller who was born on 17th October 1915 in New York City. The Crucible is based on a small group of teen girls in 1692 Salem, Massachusetts caught in an innocent conjuring of love potions to catch young men who are forced to tell lies that Satan had invaded them and forced them to participate in the rites and are then forced to name those involved. Thrown into the mix are greedy preachers and other major landowners trying to steal others' land and one young woman Abigail infatuated with a married man John Proctor and was determined to get rid of his innocent wife Elizabeth. Arthur Miller wrote the events and the consequent trials where those who demanded their innocence were executed, those who would not name names were incarcerated and tortured, and those who admitted their guilt were immediately freed. In Act 3 of The Crucible the Trial scene is set in the Salem meeting house, this scene is so important because it is the most intense scene in the play because everything is revealed, and timing proves to be one of the most important factors. Proctor realizes that it is critical for Mary Warren to testify against Abigail before she loses her courage to do so. In addition, time is critical at this point in the play because individuals are being convicted continuously.The Crucible is also based on McCarthyism this term describes the intense anti-communist suspicion in the United States in a period that lasted roughly from the late 1940s to the late 1950s. This period is also referred to as the Second Red Scare, and coincided with increased fears about communist influence on American institutions and spying by Soviet agents. Miller was also involved in the McCarthy Trials, he broke with Elia Kazan over his decision to give names of former members of the American Communist Party to the House of un-American Activities Committee (HUAC). Miller was himself blacklisted by Hollywood when he refused to testify in front of the HUAC. However, this did not stop his plays being preformed on stage. Miller used the Salem witch hunts as a outlet for his protest, he was trying to prove a political point about the McCarthy trials. Arthur Miller wrote The Crucible because he intended to give the necessary historical background, to grasp the concept of McCarthyism.There are several characters in the trial scene, one is Proctor who is described as a 'tragic hero'. He plays a very important part in this scene as he is trying to prove that Abigail is lying to free his wife. Elizabeth is the wife of proctor, and when proctor confesses about his adultery she is summoned to court to be asked if it is true. Danforth is Deputy Governor and thinks he is superior to everyone els, Danforth rules the courtroom like a dictator. He believes Abigail and the other girls are incapable of lying. Abigail and the girls also play a very important part in the play, as Abigail is trying to defend her own back, so she decides to pretend to see spirits and...

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