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How Can Mainstream Schools Support The Inclusion Of Pupils With Autism Foundation Degree Assignment

6369 words - 26 pages

This study considers some of the key issues that affect inclusion of students with autism in mainstream schools, whilst analysing the government and school’s inclusion policies (Appendix 1) for support of students with autism. This study also provides a brief overview of the evolution of SEND (special educational needs and disabilities) policies, an in-depth analysis of inclusion and its importance for children with SEN. The school’s practice of inclusion is analysed to determine whether it reflects the policies and its effectiveness in creating an inclusive environment for students with autism. This was achieved by interviewing the teacher (Appendix 3). Also, this study will look at a range of useful intervention strategies that work well with SEN children and help keep them motivated in the classroom, also help with their social, emotional and behavioural issues. It will look into how local agencies work together to provide better support for these children and how these agencies can work with schools and parents in order to gain effective teaching.

Autism is defined in Oxford dictionary as “a mental condition, present from early childhood, characterised by great difficulty in communicating and forming relationships with other people and in using language and abstract concepts.” (Oxford Dictionaries, 2015). It is four times more common in boys than in girls. “The latest prevalence studies of autism indicate that 1.1% of the population in the UK may have autism. This means that over 695,000 people in the UK may have autism” (The National Autistic Society, 2015). Comment by Acer: Full citation needed for quote - page number?

The term autism was first used by psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler in 1908. He used it to describe a schizophrenic patient who had withdrawn into his own world. The Greek word ''autós'' meant self and the word “autism” was used by Bleuler to mean morbid self-admiration and withdrawal within self. The pioneers in research into autism were Hans Asperger and Leo Kanner. They were working separately in the 1940’s. Asperger described very able children while Kanner described children who were severely affected. Their views remained useful for physicians for the next three decades. Kanner (1943) studied 11 children. The children had features of difficulties in social interactions, difficulty in adapting to changes in routines, good memory, sensitivity to stimuli especially sound, resistance and allergies to food, good intellectual potential, echolalia or propensity to repeat words of the speaker and difficulties in spontaneous activity. Asperger (1944) studied a group of children. His children also resembled Kanner’s descriptions. The children he studied, however, did not have echolalia as a problem but spoke like grownups. He mentioned that most of the children were clumsy and different from normal children in terms of fine motor skills. Autism was more established in the 1970’s...

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