How Does Structure Affect The Bureaucracy? What Lessons Can We Learn From Theory About Government And Bureaucracy?

931 words - 4 pages

The administration of government is a prime target for forces agitating for change in the American polity. The study of administration and bureaucracy is, in itself, of major importance to understand American government and policy. The distrust of many Americans of the federal government, demonstrates the need for organization through bureaucracies and public administration. They are closer to the people, and allow them to see their opinion, voice, and need placed into action. The reason for their mistrust is based on conceptual distance, and a sense of being removed from a federal government, which underlines the importance of bureaucracies as the start of the link between the two.Political decisions in the early 1900’s influenced and radically changed the course of administration for future generations (Gianos 48-49). The question was; who would have the power to remove bureaucrats? What powers should agencies be delegated, and did they have the Constitutional right to create policy? Ultimately, it seems that Congress upheld the power to delegate responsibility to bureaucracies and agencies (Fritschler 45-46). The dangers of the system that followed, was the danger in an all too instrumental conception of bureaucracies as a tool, like a hammer, it could be used by whoever had it in their grasp.As the size and the reach of government expands, especially at this point in history, so does it’s scope, and the greater need for organization arises. The 1960s an 1970s showed that organization was necessary to gain resources necessary to add new rights, but also protect the rights they had already won (Gianos 56). The problem is that when organization becomes to complex it is hard for a person to see how they can navigate through the system, to create a necessary change and be heard (Kettl 83-85). This is where the bias against bureaucracy is created.What is needed to allow for trust from the people and good policy is good administration with dependence on the people, organization, and proper representation. Not Pluralist, or Representative Bureaucracy, which seem to attract the danger of representation in instrumental terms (Kettl 99) . But instead you must view public agencies as not representing organized interest, but the nation’s interest in such areas. These are constitutive and fixed concerns, not momentary decisions, as was the case in the past.It is clear through the argumentations of Lowi, that 1) allowing legislation to consider administration in its enacting of programs, and consider the course of action to take, not only for the goal, but to be fluid and flexible with changes in government, 2) educating bureaucrats with lessons in political science, and practical reason, and also the benefits that viewing bureaucracies in such a way can provide (such as the example of the FCC against the tobacco industries) (Riley 109-115). But in order for this to occur, structure and organization is needed, and that requires many different...

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