How colonists won the revolutionary war
Byron E. Evans
AMU / APUS
The revolutionary war of 1775 – 1783 was a victorious military uprising against Great Britain of 13 American colonies which merged to form United States of America in 1776. Initially, the war was between the colonies and Great Britain but it escalated to involve other countries such as Spain and France. The taxes imposed on Americans by the British parliament were the cause of the war. Many Americans felt that the taxes were unlawful hence they started resisting (Greene & Pole, 2008). In 1774, the rebellion started officially when the Patriot Suffolk Resolves successfully eradicated the legal government of the province of Massachusetts Bay (Greene & Pole, 2008). After two years of fighting, the rebels had seized control of all thirteen colonies and they declared their independence.
How the colonies were able to win independency
The task of conquering all the colonies was almost an impossible task for the British soldiers. This is because the enormous geographical size of the colonies made it impossible for the British forces to inhabit the countryside. The failure of the British forces to control the countryside made it impossible for them to protect the loyalist from patriots (Mintz & McNeil, 2013). The patriots tarred and feathered and even killed those who were loyal to the crown.
The British actions also alienated them from their supporters. They failed to take advantage of loyalist who had formed about seventy regiments to help the British control the colonies (Mintz & McNeil, 2013). The British commanders did not trust the loyalists nor respect their fighting ability, in the process alienating their potential supporters.
The rebels employed guerilla warfare tactics in fighting the British. This worked well because the militia men attacked swiftly from behind trees and then disappeared into the forests. The militia also wore civilian clothing making it difficult for the British forces to distinguish between loyalists and rebels (Mintz & McNeil, 2013).
Other nations such as France, Spain and Netherlands intervened (Mintz & McNeil, 2013). This played a crucial part in the outcome of the revolution. The independence of the United States from Britain was highly unlikely had France, Spain and Netherlands not intervened. On the other hand, the British were fearful of losing their sugar colonies in West Indies hence not able to concentrate its military forces in the revolution. The strategy of Washington to steer clear of large scale confrontations with the royal army also made it impossible for the British to wipe the rebellion (Greene & Pole, 2008). During the entire revolutionary war, it was only once that an American army surrendered to the British forces.
At the time of the war, the slaves were highly vulnerable and the British identified that they might help then quell the revolution. Virginia’s royal governor, Lord Dunmore issued a...