The fights among Sunni and Shia or Shiite Muslims has been a historical mastery that covered by political authorities. These authorities want to keep up the huge split among Muslims for politician reasons and minor disagreements of Islamic understanding. Therefore, the whole world notes the conflict between Sunni and Shia Muslim which have caused the death of millions sine the begging of the conflict.
The first article discussed the begging of Islamic religion that was founded by Prophet Mohammed who left a huge struggle among his people for whom should succeed the highest position of Islam. The author mention that Mohammed’s daughter Fatima disagreed against Abu Bakr as being the new leader of Islam. Fatima felt that her husband Ali Bin Abitalib who is also Mohammed’s cousin and father of his grandchildren should place the leadership after Prophet Mohammed.
At that point Shia and Sunni Muslims were separated in different directions. Sunni believed that the legitimate leaders of Islam are the leaders who ruled after Mohammed’s death (Abu Bakr- Umar- Othman- Ali). On the other hand Shia believed that Ali should’ve been the first leader of Islam after Mohammed’s death and the first three leaders just illegitimately took over Ali’s leadership. Ali had his leadership of Islamic world after Othman’s murder. Umayyah family were against Ali’s leadership and involved Ali of murdering Othman. Therefore, Ali had to fight his enemies over the first five years of his leadership.
Muawiya Bin Umayyah is the governor of Syria announced himself as the leader of Islam after Ali’s death. Then Yazid Bin Muawiya inherited the leadership from his father. Yazid command his army to kill Mohammed’s grandson Husain bin Ali with his family. Therefore, Shia commemorate Ashura which is a memorial day of Husain’s death. Most Islamic groups especially Sunni find them away from Shia because of their ritual such as harm themselves physically by knifes, hit to the point of bleeding.
These historical aversions have shaped Muslims perspective the definition of different, means enemy. Therefore, Sunni Terrorists find Ashura gathering as favorite season of booming Shia and Shia want to fight back by booming Sunni mosques. In addition, Sunni groups and Shia groups want to jihad against Jerusalem because Sunnis (al-Qaeda) and Shias (Hezb’Allah) have similar believes of Jerusalem being the third holy city after Mecca and Medina.
The second Article started off talking about the emergence of Islamic theocracy that started in Medina, a city in western Saudi Arabia. Sunni believed in all caliphs after Mohammed’s death and ended up by the fall of the Ottoman Empire. However, Shia only consider Imam Ali as the legitimate caliph. Shia had a big problem by the disappeared of Mahdi as he know as the twelve Imam in 931. He was the guide of Shia at that time, therefore Shia were lost without guider until Ruhollah Khomeini came in 1978.
Sunni and Shia believe that Mahdi will come to the...