How Did Ali Safa Bey Succeed In This New Epoch Of Turkey?

1150 words - 5 pages

Book: "Memed My Hawk"Author: Yashar KemalText:1920, Turkey - A time which peasants and serfs after the just fallen Ottoman Empire should have been acquiring their own land and own sense of independence. Most were, as well as benefiting from the new found government. Although, not all fractions of Turkey had been influenced by the change in supervision. As Yashar Kemal writes in his heroic novel Memed, My Hawk the isolated secluded lands of Turkey were still under landowners command. Ali Safa Bey represents that small percentage of Turks that were, after the new instated law, still in control of peoples land, profiting from others labor on the land. Kemal also uses his novel to convey various tribulations that plague modern Turkey, in addition he does so in such a way that he passes on local knowledge without it being a burden to local readers. So how did Ali Safa Bey succeed in this new epoch of turkey? Ali Safa Bey was just one of Kemal's side stories included in his novel, Ali Safa uses wit, friendship, and the help of brigands to gain and secure his acquisition of property.The character of Ali Safa Bey comprises of a man with quite a high degree of education, who studied at both the Imperial School at Adana, and then the Law Faculty in Istanbul. He was a bright man with a bleak future, his father "an old-time Agha had lost his fortune," (page 232). As a deteriorating lawyer he was enticed by the new value of land. "Thanks to a lot of legal quibbles he managed to obtain from the villagers the return of the lands which his father had once been forced by poverty to sell" (page 233). Ali Safa realized that with land came great power, he was able with his land to wield control over the villagers who occupied them. This was now officially banned by the government, which allowed and promoted individuals from owning and harvesting their own land. As with most villagers whose land had been cunning taken once again by Aghas' they also realized the value of land. But the Agha's with money and power were assisted by bandits to keep their venture. Ali Safa Bey was very successful at acquiring new acres of land. Kemal used him to represent the emerging new upper class in Turkey; those who were able to get hold of a lot of land swiftly. At the same time Memed and his family were suppressed by these new expansionists sweeping over their land. Though Memed's family was already under Abdi Agha's rule. Kemal included Ali Safa to demonstrate that Abdi Agha was not alone, that there were others in other villages keeping a tearing rule over their lands.Ali Safa Bey is important to the book as he shows compassion towards Abdi Agha; Ali Safa is akin to Abdi Agha, they are both feudal landowners managing over their massive amounts of land. Ali Safa is the one that Abdi Agha turns for help, "'protection and safety from [the problem of Memed]'" (page 236), showing great compassion for Abdi Agha. This is how it usually is most people generally do not hear both sides in...

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