How Did Art Nouveau Influence Art And Design In The Late 1800s?

1200 words - 5 pages

Art Nouveau (literally ‘new art’ in French) was a popular international style of art, developed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and reaching its peak between 1890 and 1910. The primary aim of this movement was to break free from the previous constraints that had been placed upon artists traditionally and to completely revolutionise design – an aim that, without a doubt, came to be achieved. The evidence of this can be seen in the work of several prominent designers at the time – such as artist Alphonse Mucha and architect Antoni Gaudi – and even within other movements – the Arts and Crafts movement being a prime example. The way in which these figures and this movement have been ...view middle of the document...

Working primarily in printmaking and designing posters, Alphonse Mucha’s work channelled many of the typical characteristics of Art Nouveau. This is especially in the case of his posters, which – more often than not – involved beautiful young women as the main focus. These women – embodying the very idea of elegance and poise – were drawn using the graceful and sinuous lines that make Art Nouveau so distinct, with curvilinear lines being used predominantly in their hair and clothing. These lines suggest the movement of the figures, as well as enhancing their soft and feminine characteristics. Nature is also used frequently within his work, primarily as a background to the focal figure; lush flowers often form halos behind the heads of the women, and the line work of his borders is reminiscent of the flowing nature of vines. Colour-wise, Mucha tends to use many of the hues that are prevalent in nature, including (but not limited to) greens, blues, oranges and reds. In terms of value, he most often uses subtle and light – almost pastel – colours that are not bright in the least. These colour choices serve to reinforce the soft nature of his female subjects, and allows his art to have a nostalgic feel to it. Mucha’s work has been heavily influenced by the work of Hans Makart, Eugene-Samuel Grasset and – significantly – the Pre-Raphaelites. This fact allows for a close bond with the Nouveau movement, which was also influenced by the Pre-Raphaelites. Interestingly, despite the distinct Nouveau characteristics of his art, Alphonse Mucha himself denied any direct links with the movement, stating that ‘art is eternal, it cannot be new’.
Antoni Gaudi is one of the most significant and prominent Art Nouveau architects to have lived. The buildings he has designed are beyond style or classification. Rather, they are highly imaginative works that find much of their inspiration from the natural world. This is, of course, a significant characteristic of Art Nouveau. His use of nature as a subject ranges from animals (such as the salamander in Park Guell – a well-known symbol of Gaudi’s work) to plants. Even his use of colour suggests and implies the idea of nature, as in the Casa Batllo; though no plants or organic forms have been used directly in the design, the blue, green and brown mosaic on its exterior is highly suggestive of it. This, combined with the flowing lines of the balconies and the colours in the stained glass, allow the building to have a very heavy overall focus on nature. Even in the Sagrada Familia this focus is made...

Find Another Essay On How did Art Nouveau influence art and design in the late 1800s?

The Influence of Impressionism in Contemporary Art

1210 words - 5 pages Expressionism, Cubism and all the derived methods of painting, have Impressionism at their roots and the influence of mid-19th century rebellious art movement can be still observed in the contemporary art. Works Cited Barge Haulers on the Volga, (2014). In Wikipedia. Retrieved from Friedman, J. (06/2005).The Severe Style: In the Russian Tradition? Retrieved from

Process and Analysis Essay: How to throw a pot in 3-D Design Art class

577 words - 2 pages into the whole you have just made. The thickness should be one and a half inches. The next step is you pinch the sides creating your walls. You can then continue to pull them up with your fore finger and palm. Finally, make it the desired shape. All in all throwing is an age old art that is not only stress relieving, but a lot of fun. The process starts with wedging, then centering, and finally pulling your walls to create the final piece. Now you can go and try it for yourself.

The Value of Art, Craft and Design in the Primary Classroom

1355 words - 6 pages The Value of Art, Craft and Design in the Primary Classroom This rationale is going to discuss the value of art, craft and design in the primary classroom. I am going to emphasise the importance that art and design has, within the primary curriculum. I will also emphasise, how my resource pack promotes the value of creativity in the primary classroom. The teaching of art and design has many benefits, one main benefit is that it promotes

Modern Art in Relation to Graphic Design

898 words - 4 pages History of Design Name Tran Thinh Thu (Harry) How Modern Art in relation to Graphic Design Table of Content I/ Introduction - 1 II/ How Modern Art relations to Graphic design - 2 III/ Conclusion - 9 IV/ Reference - 10 I/ Introduction: Art has been developed over thousand years. Between Art and Design, there are so many differences and similar to each other. In the following paragraphs, I am going to explain the relationship

Technological Convergence has broadly and irrevocably affected specialism in art and design. If this is true how and why might the trend be of particu

2727 words - 11 pages The development and convergence of technology has always had an impact on specialism in art and design. Throughout history it has had both a positive and negative effect on designers, causing uncertainty and opportunity. However over the last decade we have seen the convergence advance dramatically, and specialism in art and design is very much becoming a much broader term. This essay will explore how technological convergence is currently

Design and Art by Alex Coles

997 words - 4 pages In this text, three essays extracted from the compilation “Design and Art” by Alex Coles, are being analyzed or commented. This three essays seek to explain a clear definition of the word design and then proceed to relate/separate design, giving details about the function and goals of design and determining the motto and characteristics of art. What is design? (Vilem Flusser, 1993) According to Charles Eames, design is the arrangement of

The influence of Australian women on Modernism in Australian Art

1640 words - 7 pages that she used were due to the influence of Van Gogh.Norah Simpson's influence upon Australian art, though crucial, was brief. In 1915 the year she returned to London, Australian painting revealing her influence of post-impresssionism were first publicly exhibited in Sydney in the Annual Exhibition of the Royal art society of New South Wales.Alongside Norah Simpson, others like Grace Cossington Smith, Thea Proctor, Margaret Preston, and others

Influence Of Greek Art

954 words - 4 pages influence is universal, the architectural structures of Greece can be seen abundantly in buildings and other constructions, both modern and older. Greek art and culture play significant role on the evolution the arts. Their period lasted from 1050 – 31 BCE. Greek art was divided stylistically into four major periods: Geometric, Archaic, Classical, and Hellenistic periods. The Geometric period began in Athens from 900 to 700 BCE. This is the beginning

How did the Victorian idea of "separate spheres" determine how women artists created their art?

2134 words - 9 pages How did the Victorian idea of "separate spheres" determine how women artists created their art?The Victorian period was an era of constantly shifting and contradicting ideologies concerning women, which extended over many areas of society and culture including politics and the media, the family and domestic field as well as the contemporary and traditional beliefs within the art institutions. The body of the belief systems about women and the

The Influence of Art on Our World

1259 words - 6 pages Art is not just a picture on a wall or in a museum, art comes in many forms. It can be a song you just heard, a video you watched, or a painting you saw in a gallery. Also, art can be just text. All forms of art grasp you in different ways and make your thoughts evolve to new distances. Art can bring you feelings you did not think you had. You can perceive the art in many ways and the creator wants it to influence you. I believe that yes

georgia okeefe art and how i did my project - aub - reflective

527 words - 3 pages on the clouds in the sky and the rivers below. Suffering from macular degeneration and discouraged by her failing eyesight, O’Keeffe painted her last unassisted oil painting in 1972. But O’Keeffe’s will to create did not diminish with her eyesight. In 1977, at age ninety, she observed, “I can see what I want to paint. The thing that makes you want to create is still there.” Late in life, and almost blind, she enlisted the help of several assistants to enable her to again create art.  In these works she returned to favorite visual motifs from her memory and vivid imagination. Georgia O’Keeffe died in Santa Fe, on March 6, 1986, at the age of 98

Similar Essays

Art Nouveau And Art Deco Essay

2014 words - 9 pages excessively frilly trimmings and the influx of indoor gardens or greenhouses. the main forms of this natural influence on this art for was vegetation which what basically flowers petals branches etc. At this early stage, mass publications of art and design were being shown in museums and also public and local galleries which was the fragile start of art nouveau cultural life. The main perception through the role of art and design in this period

Is Commercial Art An Obsolete Term And How And Why Did This Transition Into Graphic Design?

2187 words - 9 pages lines describing a yellow path, blue lines for the outlines of a brown tree. The Van Gogh qualities are augmented, however, by influences from a milder tradition present in the aesthetic of late Art Nouveau curves which is apparent through the crude treatment of trees and toadstools. With this, Kauffen demonstrates his clear artistic vision and effective representation of it, bringing the influence of traditional artists and movements to a public

The Expressions Of Art And Its Influence In Our Lives

680 words - 3 pages Art is defined as “The expression or application of human creative skill and imagination, typically in a visual form such as painting or sculpture, producing works to be appreciated primarily for their beauty or emotional power” ("Oxford Dictionary"). It is also used to describe “the various branches of creative activity, such as music, literature, and dance” (Oxford Dictionary”). Over the course of time, it has been used to express

The Influence Of Renaissance In Art And Architecture

1083 words - 4 pages The influences of any era is evident through artwork and architecture. During the Middle Ages the main influence was the church, this is evident through the focus on biblical and religious symbols. During the Renaissance the main focus was the study of people. This is shown through the increase in self portraits and classical antiquity-inspired buildings. The change between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance is best shown through the art and