History CP ½
11 May 2014
How did Rhodesia transition into Zimbabwe during the years of 1965-1979 ?
Throughout the twentieth century, Rhodesia from 1960’s to the late 1970’s have always been in a struggle to fight for their independence. They had to deal with the British colonist that settled into their land and had taken over control of the country for the past couple of years. Due to the decolonisation of African countries after the second world war it gave many influences and reasons for Rhodesia to search to become an independent country. That all changed when they fully receive their independence in 1980 and during that time they fought for the control of their country, Rhodesia. The name was later changed to Zimbabwe due to a revolutionary struggle they had in their country. The battle to govern Rhodesia and also by the agreement of the Internal Settlement between the fighting forces to find and create peace
The Revolutionary Struggle in Rhodesia occurred in order to become its own independent nation. They first started by getting rid of the white majority rule and replacing it with the black majority rule. This was very important for the Rhodesians because they were tired of the White British colonists that just took over their land and began acting like it was their land. During this time the people of Rhodesian finally realized that they wanted to gain their own independence and also retrieve their land back. Therefore, a rebellion rose up in Rhodesia against the British because the blacks were feeling unequal and there was a lot of racism between the two races. This hatred and racism between the British and the Rhodesians in the country led to guerilla warfare. For example, “ in the middle of the 1960’s the blacks would attack the colonists so that they can try to regain the country ” (Reed, 346) . The people of Rhodesia learned a great deal from different european countries all over the world but most of their influences came from their neighbor African states, who had already fought for their independence. At the “ end of world war one this gave Rhodesia a great boom which followed giving them impetus to an idea, long discussed, for a closer union” (Reed,15) . This gave them confidence to teach their youth to learn to rebel and that Rhodesia would always be their home. It was not that of the British and to fight for what is theirs and to not stop at all causes. With this confidence and influences, it gave the youth the strength and confidence to gain the ability to rebel, overcome and fight for their independence. This braveness showed the British a message, that they mean business and will overcome whatever to take back their country. During this time on July 4, 1964 the Rhodesian Bush War started and it last 15 years. It was a long, violent and brutal 15 year liberation war for the people of Rhodesia. “The Battle was between the Rhodesian Government which was led by Ian Smith, who was their prime...