This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

How Did The Christian Church Change During The Middle Ages?

1764 words - 8 pages

Part A
The intent of this project is to evaluate how the Christian church changed in the Middle Ages. Talking in the grand scheme of history, the change in the Christian church to what is known as Gothic architecture was heavily influenced by Islamic architecture. Making elaborate churches in its own right, Gothic churches had a great deal to do with leading into the Renaissance as well. In this investigation, the project is going to be focused on the structure of Gothic cathedrals and analyzing the changes that were made into the transition to Gothic architecture, as well as touching upon how it lead into the Italian Renaissance. The two main sources for this investigation are ...view middle of the document...

The cathedrals are also typically very vertical, with the Amiens Cathedral in France, example, extending to over 138 feet.
Reaching deeper into the structure of these cathedrals, there is something that cannot be unnoticed as a Gothic cathedral is entered: windows. The cathedrals have giant walls of glass, with most depicting stories and scenes from Christian literature. Depicting scenes form the Holy Scriptures, these glass works of art have a clear purpose of educating the illiterate masses, and literally bring light to the purpose in which these cathedrals were created. Stepping aside from the art-oriented majesty, these glass walls beg an important question. As phrased by NOVA, “Gothic engineers built thin, super-tall walls, made, not of stone, but mostly of glass. And somehow, these walls of windows support towering ceilings of stone. How did… medieval builders pull off such a dramatic transformation?” The answer lies in the structure of the Gothic cathedrals. Where stones start running diagonally instead of just vertically, gravity creates a stress line. Pointed arches, which are common in Gothic cathedrals, have the advantage in which the stress line is redirected towards the ground, allowing engineers to build higher. Even with this clever design, they still face another problem. The location in which the curved part of the arch meets the vertical columns is pressed outwards. Gravity works against the cathedral, and the arches have the danger of collapsing. A defining architectural attribute of Gothic architecture, the flying buttress, is necessary. While flying buttresses can commonly be mistaken for exterior decoration, the thrust of the vaults is transmitted through these, to the ground. The windows, pointed arch, and flying buttress are all defining parts of the Gothic Christian churches.
564 Words
Part C
Building the Great Cathedrals, directed by Scott Tiffany (2010; Boston, MA: WGBH Education Foundation), DVD.
Building the Great Cathedrals is a NOVA documentary directed by Scott Tiffany, and as such is a secondary source. It doesn’t have a specific origin; while it was created in Boston, Massachusetts, it features a variety of art historians, engineers, scientists, and architects from various places around the world, which each give their own point of view. It was released as a documentary in 2010. Being NOVA, the documentary was created with the purpose to inform the watcher about late Middle Ages cathedrals. While Scott Tiffany himself has little qualifications for architecture, the other guests that appear on the show have a lot of knowledge about the Gothic cathedrals. This source has many values. There are various computer systems used to model the cathedrals, so as a result, the structures and the effectiveness of them can be analyzed. There are also historians, artists, and architects from various areas of the world and professions, so this documentary has multiple points of view. ...

Find Another Essay On How did the Christian Church Change during the Middle Ages?

The Church in the Middle Ages

2757 words - 11 pages The Church in the Middle Ages By The Middle Ages, one understands a relatively long historical period extending from the end of the Roman Empire to the 1500's. The conquest of The Roman Empire by Germanic tribes, and synthesis of Germanic and Roman ways of life formed the civilization which we call medieval (medieval-from Latin words; medium (middle) and aevum (age)). Medieval civilization was greatly influenced by the Muslims in Spain

Gothic Architecture During the Middle Ages

1293 words - 5 pages Gothic architecture a new style developing from an old style of architecture with similar characteristics and in a way different. Architects wanted to build bigger buildings with stronger walls something that could not be found elsewhere. The old buildings did not have windows they were dark places that in order to get light they needed many candles. Not even the candles could give the right amount of light the buildings needed. The middle ages

Europe during the Beginning Middle Ages

1196 words - 5 pages three sons. Western Francia, which became France, went to Charles the Bald. Eastern Francia, which became Germany, went to Louis the German. The Middle Kingdom, stretching from the Rhineland to Rome, went to Lothair along with the imperial title.4. How did Charlemagne benefit the spread of learning?Charlemagne thought it was the obligation of a Christian king to promote scholarship. He recruited scholars from all over the empire and had them write

Role of the Church in the middle ages

2003 words - 8 pages Sidney Painter who justify in his book, A History of The Middle Ages the role of the Church during the complete mediaeval time. The second part of the essay is how does de Church had influenced in the economy and in the society, because how I said before, the Church dominated the life, economy and society was the most important sectors in life , therefore the most affected for the changes . Finally I have argued the thought of an important figure

How Did The People Of The Renaissance Differ From Those In The Middle Ages

532 words - 2 pages How did the people of the Renaissance differ from those in the Middle Ages with regards to their attitude towards life, values, lifestyle, religious beliefs and appreciation of art." The Renaissance was a revival or rebirth of cultural awareness and learning among art, law, language, literature, philosophy, science, and mathematics, which occurred in the fourteenth, fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. It was a period, which saw the

Roman Catholic Church and Judgement in the Middle Ages

1739 words - 7 pages from The Lord. After Jesus’ death, his followers continued to spread the word of God until The Church itself was formed. In the Dark Ages, the Christian Church had developed into the most powerful institution in Europe; however, in the start of The Church’s rise, there were many Germanic tribes who did not follow its teachings. The Church then gradually mixed old faiths and new religion to convert the Germanic tribes to Christianity. Then in 771

How did the Black Death affect Europe in the Middle Ages?

1842 words - 7 pages The aim of this investigation is to answer the question how did the Black Death affect Europe in the Middle Ages. Because the Black Death was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, killing up to a third of the population, it is a significant topic to address. Some issues that must be addressed with this topic are how the black plague affected primarily Europe on a social, political, and economic level. The focus will be from

How Did American Culture Change During the Jazz Age?

1575 words - 6 pages 21st century. The Jazz Age was a huge culture change for America. People began to feel a sense of freedom and experience new ways of entertainment. Going out and dancing was all the rage with these new styles of dance. Women began changing the ways of how they dressed, had jobs, and were going to college; this is the image of the “new woman”. Flappers, who did what they wanted to have fun, even though the older generation looked down upon

The Church In The Middle Ages: What Was the church's role in the middle ages toward education

527 words - 2 pages The term 'Middle Ages' was invented by people during the Renaissance, a period of cultural and literary change in the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries.Most intellectual development took place inside of the church. This is only natural, as the church was the repository for most learning. Although nearly all of the nobility had an education, those who were educated, usually were tutored by clergy. The church became the universal and unifying

Changes of French Literature During the Middle Ages

2957 words - 12 pages characteristics appeared in all forms of writing, they were especially present in poetry. This new way of writing and perspective of poetry led to influences in society at the time, as well as in the writings of future eras. And since the Middle Ages was a time in which there was much political and economic change and success, writing was impacted enough by the world that it also underwent transformations and was defined by a blossoming. France

How Did the Role of the Jewish People Change During the Second Industrial Revolution?

895 words - 4 pages 1850 to 1880. They were granted full citizenship in Germany, Italy, and Scandinavia. They were able to be elected to Parliament in Great Britain after 1858. Austria-Hungary gave full legal rights to Jews in 1867. They quickly entered politics and took office in some of the highest positions. During this time Jews did not encounter much discrimination or prejudice treatment. This was a great time for them to excel in the professions they

Similar Essays

How The Catholic Church Held Up During The Middle Ages

1355 words - 5 pages The Middle Ages was a long period of time. It started in about the 500 A.D. and ended in about 1500 A.D. Not many things can last for this long period of time, but at least one thing did, and that was the Catholic Church. The Catholic Church consists of Popes, Bishops, Clergy, and Monks, and Nuns were also part of the Church. Also during the Middle Ages, it also produced many great philosophers (Funk & Wagnall’s, 275). From the

The Catholic Church During The Middle Ages

2893 words - 12 pages The Catholic Church during the Middle Ages played an all-encompassing role over the lives of the people and the government. As the Dark Ages came to a close the ideas of the Renaissance started to take hold, and the church's power gradually began to wan. The monarchies of Europe also began to grow replacing the church's power. Monarchies, at the close of the Middle Ages and the dawn of the Renaissance, did not so much seek the guidance of the

Control Of The Church During The Middle Ages

574 words - 2 pages In the early middle ages, the church dominated the lives of the people, politically, socially, and economically. It was the most powerful spiritual and worldly force during these times. It had control over everything that was going on during that time period. Politically, it had the power to take away rights from anyone who was threatening the power of the church and it could enforce new laws, for example, the Magna Carta, which took away many

The Church And The Middle Ages

666 words - 3 pages was in the hands of the local bishops. The church basically saw itself as the spiritual community of Christian believers, in exile from God's kingdom, waiting in a hostile world for the day of deliverance. The most important members of this community were found outside the hierarchy of the church government in the monasteries that dotted Europe. GRAPH According to Microsoft Encarta, "The early Middle Ages