The Circus Maximus was a large place in Greece. The Circus Maximus was a horse chariot race running around a track. Almost like our NASCAR races today, these races where the biggest attraction in the day of the Greece. The citizens were greatly involved in the racing of the Circus Maximus.("Circus Maximus princeton.edu") Because so many people were involved with these races, they had to find a way to seat all of these people. ("Circus Maximus aviewoncities.com”) This was the first time they invented stadiums. There were also other events held in the Circus Maximus. These events were held for a long time and were eventually ended around 549 BC. The Circus Maximus reflected the values of ancient Rome for entertainment and competition in ancient Roman culture.
The Circus Maximus has a lot of history due to all of the events that had happened over the years of the Circus Maximus, the concept of chariots speeding around a track to see which horse would come in first. A chariot was a two wheeled, horse drawn vehicle. It was invented in the west in about 2,000 BC. The Circus Maximus started in approximately 50 BC. The Circus Maximus was first used for public games and entertainment by the Etruscan king of Rome. He built the Circus Maximus and made it out of complete wood. It measured 621 meters in length and 150 meters in width. It was capable of holding about 270,000 spectators to watch the races ("Circus Maximus princeton.edu") In 81 AD, Emperor Domitian connected his new palace on the Palatine to the Circus Maximus so he could have an easier view of the races. This happened to be a large action because they had to change around the whole racing course to fit in his window where he could watch. In 64 BC, they had a fire started from multiple wooden shops at the bottom of the track, creating build up in fire and burning the Circus Maximus. Then again in 140 AD they had a tragic collation of the stadium. The whole upper tier collapsed and killed about 1,112 spectators. ("Circus Maximus aviewoncities.com")
The Circus Maximus could hold 12 Chariots to race at a time. As the Chariots went around this oval track, kind of like we see today, they would go at dangerously high speeds all for entertainment racing for four miles. A lot of racers would die in the process of racing and sometimes even the spectators from broken wreckage that would fly up in the air from the crash. ("Activity - Chariot Racing and the Circus Maximus") The two sides of the track were separated by a raised part called the “spina”. At the end of the spina there was the “meta”. This was the turning post that the Chariot Racers would turn around.
To make sure that the racers would all start in the same spot, the invented the starting gates or the “Caceres”. The first ones were created in 329 BC. They were staggered, same as today so that the inner circle is the same distance as the outer circle. Rotatable metal dolphins marked the laps around the course to prevent the racers to cheat....