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How Did The Cold War Affect The Politics Of Germany And Italy?

2289 words - 9 pages

How did the Cold War affect the politics of Germany and Italy?
The Cold War was the most important historic event in the 20th century after the Second World War, from 1945 till 1991 between two most powerful countries in that period – Soviet Union and USA. The Cold War invested a lot in world politics. What is the Cold War? This was a war for dominance in the world. In 1945 the USA was the only one country in the world that had the nuclear weapons. But in the 1949 USSR started to learn their nuclear weapons. In further developments forced the USSR was soon created by nuclear, and then thermonuclear weapons. (Isaacs J, 2008) Fight has become very dangerous for all.
Germany and Italy did not play the latest role in this war. German question in the post-war period was one of the main, and about Cold war too. Let's look at Italy and Germany during the Cold War and how it affected their future.
After World War II, many countries have serious problems in almost all areas, political, social and economic. At one of the winners of the major issues after the war were the German question and the reason for the conflict between them, and led to the division of Germany and Europe.
June 5 supreme power passed to the victorious countries: USA, UK, France and the Soviet Union. (Kettenacker L, 1997) Their main purpose, according to the London Protocol of September 12, 1944 and subsequent agreements, was the implementation of complete control over Germany (Douglas R, 2013) At the heart of this policy lay partition of the country into three zones of occupation, section of Berlin into three parts and the creation of a joint Supervisory Board of three commanders. The division of Germany into zones of occupation had ever recapture her desire for world domination. It was important to put an end to "predatory Teutonic aspirations" in the future, eliminate Prussia as a stronghold of militarism, to punish the Germans for genocide and war crimes and to instil in them the democratic consciousness. (Kettenacker L) Further, the West has given his consent to have consequences withdrawal of Germans from Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia. The brutal expulsion in time to about millions Germans were in stark contrast to Western reservations about the "humane" the implementation of this step. So they paid for the guilt of the Germans, and for the transfer of Poland's western border as a result of the Soviet occupation of eastern Poland and Konigsberg (Kettenacker L,1997) Decision was taken only about saving four occupation zones in the form of economic and political units. Meanwhile, each occupying power had to meet the requirements at the beginning of the reparations due to their occupation zone.
In 1948 three countries, USA, France and UK, held conference, where they discussed the issue of Germany and what to do next. They tackled issues such as the future of Germany, the control of the Ruhr area and the payment of reparations (Douglas R, 2013) A new conference of the three...

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