How Did The Election Of Andrew Jackson As President Mark The Beginning Of A New Age In American Political History?

1126 words - 5 pages

In the following essay, based on my knowledge of history and historical data, I will prove that Andrew Jackson's election as President marked the beginning of a new age in American political history.The election of Andrew Jackson as President in 1829 marked the beginning of an era known as Jacksonian Democracy or the Age of the Common Man. The changes in politics during Jackson's presidency provided various social and economic changes.Actually, political change began several years before Jackson became president. In the Election of 1824, Jackson had the most popular and electoral votes, but did not win the election. Because the vote was split four ways, he did not have the majority of the electoral college and John Quincy Adam became president. Jackson supporters believed that voters were told to vote for Adams or Clay through secret political maneuvers. They accused them of making a "corrupt bargain."Adams and Jackson both ran for president again in the Election of 1828, which was also known as a revolution. Jackson and his followers had new campaign tactic, which was accusing Adams' wife of being born out of wedlock. Adams' accused Jackson's wife of adultery. This election attracted a lot of interest and had three times as many voters as the Election of 1824. Jackson won and became president in 1829.During his presidency, Andrew Jackson gave all men the opportunity to hold government jobs. This is why this period is called the Age of the Common Man. Before Jackson became president, rich southern planters and northern merchants dominated the government. Now, under Jackson's rule, white males of the lower and middle classes began to vote in large numbers. There were new state suffrage laws, which enabled more citizens to vote, due to better education, changes in political parties, and an increase in newspaper circulation. Western states also adopted these laws, which was called Universal male suffrage. All white males from one end of the country to the other were aloud to vote regardless of their religion or social class, and could hold government jobs, even if they were in the middle or lower classes. Also, voters and politicians now nominated candidates, rather than the political party leaders in Congress. This and other events led to a more democratic society.Jackson also gave government jobs to regular people. This was called the spoils system. He appointed people to federal jobs depending on whether they had campaigned for the Democratic Party. Anyone currently in office who was not a democratic was replaced with a democrat. This was called the spoils system because it promoted a corrupt government. He also believed in rotation in office. He wanted to make it possible for more democrats to have government jobs, so he limited a person's time in office to one term. The spoils system showed how one man was no better than another and helped build a strong two-party system.In the two-party system, supporters of Jackson were Democrats and...

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