Glaciers in the Himalayas
The Himalayan mountains are home to the second largest body of ice in the world, these glaciers are extremely important to the lives of many people, animals and ecosystems.The Himalayan range includes about 15,000 glaciers, which store about 12,000 km3 (3000 cubic miles) of freshwater. The Himalayan mountains are located in the northeastern part of India and pass through several countries including Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, Nepal and Bhutan. The glaciers in the Himalayan mountains are at the headwaters of many essential and large rivers throughout the himalayan and asian countries. Over the last 30 years some glaciers in the Himalayas have retreated one ...view middle of the document...
Tsho Rolpa has had a high-tech early warning system to alert the communities about the Glacier Lake Outburst Floods (GLOF). The advanced technology will alert people downstream if the level of water increases in the lake and also keep on communicating the locals about the status of lake and the daily weather systems.
Gangotri glacier is in Uttarkashi District, Uttarakhand, India in a region bordering China, the 30.2 km long Gangotri glacier has been receding alarmingly in recent years. Between 1842 and 1935, the glacier was receding at an average of 7.3 m every year; the average rate of recession between 1985 and 2001 is about 23 m per year and the average yearly retreat is increasing..As you can see in the picture it is clear how much the Gangotri glacier has melted. In the long run, the Gangotri glacier is vital for the water supplies of the Asian rivers: the Indus and the Ganges. The Ganges is a very sacred river to Hindus and is also a lifeline to millions of Indians who live along its course and depend on it for their daily needs. Once the Gangotri vanishes, water supplies in these regions will be in peril.
The Tasman Glacier is the largest of several glaciers which run south and east towards the Mackenzie Basin from the Southern Alps in the South Island of New Zealand . It is 29 kilometres long and as much as 4 kilometres wide, and is entirely within the borders of Aoraki (Mount Cook) National Park.The biggest glacier in New Zealand has been shrinking rapidly at a rate of 180 m per year year on average since the 1960’s. The retreat of the Tasman Glacier will continue into the future because of the low gradient of the glaciers valley. According to predictions from Massey University(1) “ we could expect further retreat of between 477m and 822m each year” this is alarming because at...