How Does Heroin Cause Addiction? Essay

1032 words - 5 pages

How Does Heroin Cause Addiction?

By Jack Margolis

Introduction:

Heroin is an illegal class A drug that mostly comes as a powder processed form of opium. It is made using the resin of poppy plants. Opium is taken from the pod and than refined into morphine (the synthetic form of heroin) and than heroin. It is estimated that 9.2 million people around the world use heroin. Heroin is extremely addictive. Addiction is when somebody consumes a substance or undertakes an activity that is enjoyable however, after extended use, normal life becomes disrupted and possibly dangerous. Drug use begins with investigation and therefore, testing the drug. After original use, the drug may begin to be ...view middle of the document...

The effects of drug can blind you and lead to rash decisions that have a vast impact on you. For instance, if you took drugs you could easily quit your job or be expelled from school despite your normal behaviour. As well as this, the group of people you are with can change due to when, where and with whom you take heroin. Furthermore, an investigation into those who take heroin resulted in the discovery that there is a large change in how the brain was using DNA. The DNA structure allows activation of certain genes more or less commonly. This changes how proteins are made and therefore, how the brain works. Consequences of heroin are vast, uncontrollable and severe and this is why heroin is considered as dangerous as it is.

There is a diverse number of things that can be addicted to. The most common addiction is with drugs. Heroin, is one of the most addictive and used substances there are, and drugfreeworld.org provide two key statistics that show this: 'opiates (mainly heroin) make up for 4 in every 5 drug deaths in Europe' & 'Opiates, mainly heroin, account for 18% of the admissions for drug and alcohol treatment in the US.' This may be as heroin is developed from an opiate substance and furthermore, heroin is in control of the parts of the brain that are liable for physical dependence (addiction) and reward. Heroin causes the brain to stop producing reward emotion by itself so that you are depressed without heroin and you rely on it for happiness. Therefore, people need to have heroin to trigger the feeling of reward and that is what makes it addictive.

Neurones:

Neurones are specialised cells that make up the brain and nervous system. They send messages electrically, chemically, and they are excitable cells. It is predicted that the brain includes around 100,000,000,000 neurons in total. Each neuron receives and transmits impulses/information around the body. Furthermore, different neurons are responsible for different jobs in the body. Neurons are specialized as they contain many key parts that make them distinguishable: dendrites (where electrical impulses are received:...

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