This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

How Does The ‘Social Model Of Disability’ Differ From A ‘Medical Perspective’?

1090 words - 5 pages

The two most frequently mentioned ‘models’ of disability are defined as the ‘social’ and the ‘medical’ models of disability.
The medical model of disability views disability as a ‘problem’ that belongs to the disabled individual. It is not seen as an issue to concern anyone other than the individual affected, For example, if a student who requires a wheelchair needed access to a build that only access was by steps, the medical model would suggest that the problem lies with the wheelchair and its user, rather than the steps. (Cameron 2014)

The social model of disability would see the presence of the steps as the disabling barrier. This model draws on the idea that it is society that ...view middle of the document...

The onus is on the organiser to make sure that the activity is fully accessible.
For example; prior to a lecture the staff member will upload the PowerPoint presentation to Blackboard to make available to all members of the group. This ensures dyslexic students the opportunity to familiarise themselves with certain terminology and if necessary the structure and font of the presentation that will follow. This ‘framing’ helps students to understand and retain the information.

Oliver has observed that dependency is not the inevitable outcome of impairment, but is created by the social, economic and political system in which disabled people live (Oliver, 1996).
However a medical model understanding would perceive impairment as the fundamental reason for the disabled person to feel disadvantaged and disempowered– and suggest the resolution of these could be achieved by changing the individual - the social model enabled a different outlook. Allowing disabled people to recognize that what was required in order to address disabling barriers were legislative changes so that access became a legal requirement (Equality act 2010), effective means of ensuring that new laws are complied with, and changes in the thinking underpinning public service planning and delivery at local authority level (Swain, French and Cameron, 2003). The social model is ‘a simplified representation of a complex social reality’ and ‘a practical guide to action’ (Oliver and Barnes, 2012:22).
Medical model thinking does not appear as just ‘one way of looking’ but as established fact. It is considered common sense to regard impairment as misfortune. (Cameron 2014)

Micheline Mason identifies the influence of the medical model of disability as having a role in the oppression of all people, both disabled and non-disabled. The removal of people identified as having significant impairments from the mainstream of social life, as well as being oppressive to people with impairments themselves, has rendered impairment a subject of fear and embarrassment that non-disabled people feel unsure about and uncomfortable dealing with (in Rieser and Mason, 1992:78). Through a process involving the medicalization of society (Zola, 2005), forms of social knowledge have been imposed which suggest that aberration from socially valued norms of physical embodiment is exceptional rather than an ordinary part of human experience and is best addressed by professionals.

Works Cited


Find Another Essay On How does the ‘social model of disability’ differ from a ‘medical perspective’?

Medical and Social Models of Disability

2271 words - 9 pages contemporary sociological theory surrounding disability and health it will look at both the medical and social models of disability with the aim to conclude whether disability is a problem that needs to be addressed by medical professionals alone or by society as a whole. The medical model defines disability as “any restriction or lack of ability (resulting from an impairment of an individual) to perform an activity in the manner or within the range

How does grief from violent deaths differ from other deaths?

531 words - 2 pages dark tight spot, but having faith that cutting away a little bit of the belly at a time would lead to the "heart of the matter"-long-term adjustment. He notes that this is not accomplished from outside but from inside the snake, and therefore maybe this is how grief ought to be tackled through a person's inner strengths.In Guyana there has be more than its fair share of sudden violent deaths over the last few years. Many have been unexplained

How does forward contract valuation differ from futures contract valuation?

932 words - 4 pages A. How does forward contract valuation differ from futures contract valuation? Futures and forward contracts are viewed as derivative contracts because their values are derived from an underlying asset. The forward contract is an agreement between two parties, which are buyer and seller and they must fulfil their contractual obligations at a price established at the beginning upon the expiration date, the buyer must pay the agreed price to

discuss the social and medical models of disability - college diploma level - essay

1257 words - 6 pages Most of us engage in some form of interpersonal communication on a regular basis. How well we communicate with others is a measure of our interpersonal skills. Interpersonal communication is a key life skill and can be used to give and collect information, influence the attitudes and behaviour of others, form contacts and maintain relationships, express personal needs and understand the needs of others. It can also help to give and receive

Health From a Social Perspective

2533 words - 10 pages , illness and medicine are defined as individual terms; they do share some common ground. Explaining further, if a person gets sick and goes to see the doctor; the sickness is then seen as a medical problem with biological factors and the doctor will diagnose and treat accordingly. Unlike doctors, a sociologist’s point of view is different. A sociologist or health scholar will focus more on examining how the person’s social background and others with the

How does Aristotle’s view of politics differ from that of Plato’s? Do you consider that they are wholly opposed?

1847 words - 7 pages How does Aristotle's view of politics differ from that of Plato's? Do you consider that they are wholly opposed?Political philosophy for both Aristotle and Plato was of reasonable concern. One's character, virtues, vices, desire and especially education were relevant to determine a correct system of government. They both opposed relativism, scepticism as well as individualism in sophism (which was gaining popularity at that time) equally both

How Did The People Of The Renaissance Differ From Those In The Middle Ages

532 words - 2 pages How did the people of the Renaissance differ from those in the Middle Ages with regards to their attitude towards life, values, lifestyle, religious beliefs and appreciation of art." The Renaissance was a revival or rebirth of cultural awareness and learning among art, law, language, literature, philosophy, science, and mathematics, which occurred in the fourteenth, fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. It was a period, which saw the

Looking at social class from the perspective of a grade school student

672 words - 3 pages Many social class and divisions are apparent in many places and institutions in our society. The place where many of these divisions are most obvious to me is in our public school system. When the children enter middle schoolssocial groups begin to form and separate from each other. Later these divisions change and morph to reflect the social needs of their members, and they become more solid.When I was beginning seventh grade I moved to a new

The Internet From A Social and Communications Perspective

1468 words - 6 pages . The Internet is a global system, a huge cyberspace serving to thousands of users worldwide. It is a network of networks with different levels of access and different levels of security. And still, there are always people behind what happens in the cyberspace – the internet is what we make of it and how we use it. Common users are not always safe from the dangers they are exposed to. And while there are numerous helpful and beneficial features

The Medical Model of Health

3186 words - 13 pages long since been exceeded, even for families without social disadvantages.Perhaps the problem lies neither in the primary-care pediatrician's abilities or motivation nor in the multitude of clinical expectations, but rather in a model of pediatric practice that has been essentially unchanged for the past 50 years: clinicians working one-on-one with a family in an office (with occasional support from a nurse or social worker). We need new models

How do mentally retarded and intellectually disabled kids affect their families and siblings, and how does their development differ from that of

1568 words - 7 pages event? How do the second-born children learn to interact and in a way accept the differences of their siblings? This paper will focus on discussing the effects that children with mental retardation and learning disabilities have on their family's adaption to their unique approach at the developmental stages. The aforementioned questions will be considered throughout this paper via the aid of personal anecdotes from my family and individual

Similar Essays

Critically Evaluate The Medical Model And The Social Model Of Disability, As Applied To People With Learning Difficulties/Disabilities

3906 words - 16 pages preconceptions and intolerances of other people.Despite such efforts to move away from the dictatorial approach which has been derived from the medical model, Rieser (ibid.) also makes it clear, from the perspective of someone with a learning difficulty/disability, how such perceptions are still relevant today.Other people's (usually non-disabled professionals') assessments of us are used to determine where we go to school; what support we get

How Does Our Understanding Of The Life Course Differ From That Of Earlier Historical Periods?

1524 words - 6 pages various different social structures such as employment and education. Furthermore, biological changes such as puberty and menopause are often given meaning by being associated with progression into the next social stage (adolescense and old age respectively).Today childhood is vastly different to how it was for earlier generations. In the middle ages a child was seen as a representation of his parents, often dressed similarly to the same-sex parent

How Does The Iroquois’ Religious Beliefs Differ From Christianity?

1116 words - 5 pages beliefs. If we had no knowledge about the background history of the Iroquois or the Christians we could make up an idea of the Iroquois living in nature and the Christians living in a more modern and contrasting society. Culture and the structure of living are factors of how the religions differ. The guidelines religions have are correspondent to the life the followers are living. Overall we see that basic model of beliefs differ between these

The Issue Of Female Circumcision From A Medical Anthropology Perspective

1106 words - 5 pages bleeding (Shell Duncan 2001, 1015). Female circumcisions have strong cultural background meanings. A medical anthropologist would avoid approaching this issue with an ethnocentric mindset. It is helpful for the issue to be thought about from a cultural relativist perspective in order to understand the issue from the culture that it is related to (Gordon 1991,4). Also, one should consider how this issue of female circumcision relates to health