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How Successful Was Hitler Between 1933 45 In Solving The Problems Which Brought Him To Power ?

1665 words - 7 pages

Hitler was brought to power in 1933 because the German people were desperate for solutions to their political, economical and social problems. By his fall in 1945, he had solved many of the problems which had allowed him to come to power but when Germany surrendered to the allies and the country was divided, most of the problems resurfaced so the solutions were not long-term.After World War I, in the 1930's especially, the Great Depression hit strongly in Germany and its economy was virtually crushed . The harsh demands of the Treaty of Versailles intensified this critical situation, leaving 6 000 000 Germans unemployed by the end of 1932. Inflation soared to incredible levels, paralleling the dramatic drops in the value of the currency, the Reichsmark.Because of the troubled economy and the desperation of the people, new extremist parties grew. These included fascism and communism. Politically, the nation reverted to several parties representing all points on the political spectrum. No single group had sufficient support or alliances to form an effective government and with no powerful leader, the German government was in desperate need for some guidance.With unemployment reaching an all time high, jealousy grew, along with racism. The Jews were taken as scapegoat and became a social problem the German people wanted to get rid of.Anger and frustration were growing, consequences of the unfair rules made by the Treaty of Versailles which led to extreme nationalism.Hitler appealed to the German people because he promised an aggressive but effective policy where, he claimed, he would solve all Germany's problems, although he never fully explained how.Immediately after he came to power, Hitler focused on the economic problems. He had two aims when tackling this: eliminate unemployment and make Germany self-sufficient.Hitler ordered public works to be done which the government would invest in.Autobahns were built, railways were developed and Krupp's rearmament program commenced. To do this, jobs needed to be created and unemployment dropped dramatically. Public private ownerships were set up and although it was against his socialist policies, Hitler cooperated with the capitalists because he needed money to finance his projects. Lucrative-intended business men were permitted to advise Hitler in how to develop the economy and Four Year Plans were devised (on paper).Hitler's methods for decreasing unemployment were successful; since government investments were being made into creating employment, more people were working, they could thus spend their money and the inflation went down while productivity soared and the government could then collect taxes to keep this running. However, this was a short-term plan because expenses quickly grew bigger than productivity, leading to the bankruptcy, or at least, impoverished government and loss of war in 1945.Despite the government investments, there was still much demand for jobs which contributed to the...

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