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How Successful Was Gustav Streseman In Aiding A German Recovery 1923 29

1499 words - 6 pages

Stresemann came into the main political scene in 1923. It was in this year when he became Chancellor of Germany for a few months. It was during this short spell as Chancellor that he made some big changes that helped Germany in the long run.The first thing Stresemann did when he came to be Chancellor was to introduce the Rentenmark. This replaced the old Deutschmark, which had become worthless due to hyperinflation due to the money the government had poured into the country after trying to stabilise the German economy. This meant that people had money that was valuable again and people wouldn't have to rush out to buy things when they got their wages in wheelbarrows. There wasn't anything that was bad about the introduction of the currency; it had a huge positive impact on the economy.The next thing he did when he became Chancellor was to end passive resistance. This helped Germany because it brought the industrial output of Germany back up. This made sure that Germany started to have money going through the economy again. Also it started to get the French troops out of the Ruhr, which they had invaded in an attempt to force German people to work and take the goods they made as payment. So by getting them out of the Ruhr Germany could sell the goods they made and make more money so they could pay reparations. On the other hand, doing this made Stresemann rather unpopular with the German people, as they were wanting to stay on passive resistance and ignore the French, being told to work whilst they were there was a decision which had a good political effect but not a good effect on Stresemann's popularity.After ending passive resistance Stresemann then decided with the money the country was making from ending passive resistance to start paying reparations again. This was a good thing because it built up France's trust with Germany and it also helped in getting French troops out for the Ruhr for good. The troops didn't leave straight away though; it was only in 1925, when Stresemann was no longer Chancellor, when the last of the troops left. But paying the reparations made Stresemann extremely unpopular with the German people. The reparations were only being paid back because of the Treaty of Versailles, which Germany had been forced to agree to in 1918. The German people absolutely hated the Treaty, and anything to do with it. This led to Stresemann losing his job as Chancellor. He then became the Foreign Minister, and that is when he started to make some big plans and pacts to help Germany recover.When he became Foreign Minister the first main thing he did was in 1924 and he agreed the Dawes plan with America, Britain and France. This plan arranged for the USA to lend Germany 800 gold million marks. With this money Germany could build new factories to create jobs and money for the German people and thereby increase the standard of living for the German people. Also the plan spread out the reparations in a way that made them pay more as Germany...

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