How Emily Bronte Introduces The Reader To The Themes Of Enclosure And The Supernatural In Wuthering Heights

2208 words - 9 pages

How Emily Bronte Introduces the Reader to the Themes of Enclosure and the Supernatural in Wuthering Heights

It took many attempts to get Wuthering Heights published and when it
finally was it received a lot of negative reviews because the
contemporary readers weren't ready for Emily's style of realism. A
Victorian critic July 1848 from Graham's Magazine reviewed Wuthering
Heights as "vulgar depravity and unnatural horrors" and described the
author as, "a human being could have written such a book. without
attempting suicide." Emily Bronte lived a very difficult life and was
quite isolated from people she shows this in her story of Wuthering
Heights. Her sisters both wrote books which were quite
autobiographical, but Emily's story of Wuthering Height's was more of
imagination and emotion rather then real life experiences.

The novel opens with a date "1801" and is written in the form of a
journal/diary using first person narration, "I shall be troubled
with." This gives the book an authorial voice and it gives an in depth
detail of the plot, this also allows the reader to gain a personal
reflection, as well as opinions and emotions. However, this means that
there could be a slightly biased view of events from the narrator
towards specific characters and issues as his memory unfolds. Yet this
use of first person narration creates an intimate relationship between
Lockwood and the reader because the reader is allowed to feel through
Lockwood.

In the first beginning lines of the book there is a sense of enclosure
with the description of the actual location of Wuthering Heights, "so
completely removed from the stir of society." And then to support this
sense of enclosure there is a physical barrier separating Wuthering
Heights from the rest of the moor and stopping Lockwood from entering.
"pushing the barrier, he did pull" The attitude of the people at
Wuthering Heights towards Lockwood creates an social barrier between
them, "peevish displeasure" Also, they show him no common courtesy or
kindness "his reserve springs from an aversion to showy display of
feeling- to manifestations of mutual kindliness." This illustrates
that they are people of isolation and Heathcliff's actions support
this, as he refrains from any physical contact with Lockwood. "reasons
for keeping his hand out of the way when he meets a would-be
acquaintance," Even the dogs aren't controlled and are enclosed in the
house, "various sizes and ages, issued from hidden dens to the common
centre." However their approach to people comes from the fact that
they don't socialise and interact with others, they are aware of this
"Guests are so exceedingly rare in this house".

Wuthering Heights is described as very different and not like places
of that time. "of the atmospheric tumult to which" There is a definite
gothic...

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