This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

How Enzymes Work In The Detergent Industry

2747 words - 11 pages

Enzymes for Detergent IndustryFor most people, the most popular known application of enzymes is in the manufacture of enzymatic washing agents (detergents). Since last 40 years, the use of enzymes in detergents has been the largest of all enzyme applications. Consumers of detergents are actual users of an enzymatic product. In majority of other applications, enzymes are used as auxiliary agents at some point in the manufacturing process and are not, as a rule, present in the finished product - not at any rate in an active form.ProteasesProteases are the most widely used enzymes in the detergent industry. They remove protein stains such as grass, blood, egg and human sweat. These organic stains have a tendency to adhere strongly to textile fibres. The proteins act as glues, preventing the water­borne detergent systems from removing some of the other components of the soiling, such as pigments and street dirt. The inefficiency of non­enzymatic detergents at removing proteins can result in permanent stains due to oxidation and denaturing caused by bleaching and drying. Blood, for example, will leave a rust­coloured spot unless it is removed before bleaching. Proteases, such Palkogentâ hydrolyse proteins and break them down into more soluble polypeptides or free amino acids. As a result of the combined effect of surfactants and enzymes, stubborn stains can be removed from fibres. Recently, some other enzyme like lipases, cellulase and amylases have used in detergents.LipasesThough enzymes can easily digest protein stains, oily and fatty stains have always been troublesome to remove. The trend towards lower washing temperatures has made the removal of grease spots an even bigger problem. This applies particularly to materials made up of a blend of cotton and polyester.In 2001, Maps shall introduce a lipase for the detergent industry. This lipase shall be capable of removing fatty stains such as fats, butter, salad oil, sauces and the tough stains on collars and cuffs.AmylasesAmylases are used to remove residues of starch-based foods like potatoes, spaghetti, custards, gravies and chocolate. This type of enzyme can be used in laundry detergents as well as in dishwashing detergents.CellulasesThe development of detergent enzymes has mainly focused on enzymes capable of removing stains. However, a cellulase enzyme has properties enabling it to modify the structure of cellulose fibre on cotton and cotton blends. When it is added to a detergent, it results into the following effects:Colour brightening-When garments made of cotton or cotton blends have been washed several times, they tend to get a 'fluffy' look and the colours become duller. This effect is due to the formation of microfibrils that become partly detached from the main fibres. The light falling on the garment is reflected back to a greater extent giving the impression that the colour is duller. These fibrils, however, can be degraded by the cellulase enzyme, restoring a...

Find Another Essay On How enzymes work in the detergent industry

Jay Leno: Hard Work and Success in the Comedy Industry

1443 words - 6 pages Jay Leno: Hard Work and Success in the Comedy Industry At a young age it is instilled in the mind that hard work pays off, and that following these words of wisdom can ultimately lead to success throughout life. For those skeptics and nonbelievers, Jay Leno has been a real-life example in proving this theory through his great success in the comedy industry. Though Jay Leno is known as the king of late night television today, he didn’t start

How did the actors in Woman in Black work well?

1299 words - 5 pages understand how to present her emotions on discovering that someone she knows has been killed in a car crash that she is sent to as a police officer to survey the scene.• Why was it essential to work on this?This was essential to work on as I didn't feel like I was portraying my character completely so the audience couldn't feel a connection either which would make our performance less interesting and intriguing. I think this is a bit woolly. You

How to get your work in the future ?

860 words - 3 pages This report introduces the changes in the workplace recent year and the changes how to affect the skills which workers will require in the future. It also reminds how to improve your personal skills to adapt these changes.How to get your work in the future ?In recent years, there is a big change made some people more valuable and secure than ever. What makes the difference? New research by economists at Massachusetts Institute of Technology and

Anatomy: How the Muscles Work

2004 words - 9 pages , so these pumps work very hard to keep the sodium out. On the other hand, as a rule, there isn't much potassium floating around the body (there is some, but not nearly as much as the sodium). As a result, there is a big imbalance. There is a lot of sodium outside the side, but not much inside the cell (because of the pumps), on the other hand, there are lots of potassium in the neuron and not much outside the neuron. Also because there is a ton

How Does the Brain Work?

3068 words - 12 pages learning (Ormrod, 2008). An example of how I can relate this to my own learning is by simply looking at my work history, I have always loved working with children and started working in childcare as a teenager. I then trained for four years part time at TAFE in order to further myself. Childcare is not a very well paid profession, most child care workers are there for the love of working with children, not money. Recently this was confirmed to me by

Enzyme Function Lab, explores the role of enzymes in chemical reactions

776 words - 3 pages manganese dioxide, the reaction occurred again. This time, the bubbles being formed were larger; intensity of (4). The solution got a little warmer, but the difference in temperature was hardly distinguishable by simply touching the test tube. The reaction lasted about 10 minutes.4. a) The hydrogen peroxide is used up and the manganese dioxide remains unchanged.Part twoTitle: Enzyme FunctionPurpose: To observe the role of enzymes in chemical reactions

Work Satisfaction, how people in America feel about their work

847 words - 3 pages As the quote from the Work in America report indicates, people want to feel that their work matters, that what they do gives them some sense of fulfillment. Of course, other factors matter too, especially room for advancement and compensation, but the most important thing here is that work be meaningful.But are these needs important to the organization? Sometimes yes, sometimes no. But more and more, they are becoming significant to most

The institution of work and how organizational culture and job segregation promotes sexism and male dominance in work for pay

2940 words - 12 pages critically analyzed in this paper. In this paper I will demonstrate how organizational culture has kept sexism entrenched within work for pay. I will also argue that current job segregation promotes sexism and male dominance in work for pay. In addition, I will deal with the glass ceilings, block walls, and glass escalators that negatively affect work for pay opportunities for women. Lastly, I am going to consider feminist theories, such as

Work In the Bible

932 words - 4 pages here on Earth. He wants all of his children to obey their masters through Him, regardless of how tiresome the task becomes. Several books within the Bible illustrate the importance of sacrifice and discipline in the journey to salvation and everlasting happiness. God enforces that believing in Him, having hope, and putting in fruitful work is the true path to a righteous life and acceptance into Heaven (1 Cor. 15:58). The strength to endure any

How does lobbying work in government

1344 words - 5 pages 1. How does lobbying work in government? Lobbying is an enormous business. A lobbyist is an advocate who seek outs to influence members of the government (like members of Congress) to endorse legislation that would advantage their group. The lobbying occupation is a lawful and essential part of our democratic political procedure that is not extremely well implicit by the broad population. While the majority people think of lobbyists only as

Team Work in the Work Place

1058 words - 5 pages Team work In order for a work place to be successful and beneficial to everyone involve in the company, teams needs to be form, and each team must have a goal in mind. Employees must come together to accomplish a common goal. Teamwork will not only benefit those involve in the project but it will also have a huge impact in your business. To start off on the right path, the team must understand what they are working towards. They must be

Similar Essays

Enzymes In Industry Essay

2395 words - 10 pages Enzymes in Industry Enzymes are described as chemical a catalyst that is they speed up the rate of reaction. Enzymes have enormous potential in the commercial world. They are cheap to use in industry and they do not need high temperatures to work. They work at neutral PH and normal atmospheric pressure. This reduces the costs of fuel in industry and are energy saving. Also, enzymes can be reused. This means that

The Applications Of Enzymes In Industry And Medicine

1152 words - 5 pages The Applications of Enzymes in Industry and Medicine Enzymes have a wide range of applications and they are used in industry and in medicine to perform numerous different tasks to get specific results. The market for commercially produced enzymes is catalysts is very large because enzymes are used in reactions to speed up a specific process therefore making the process cheaper for the company since they work best in

The Uses Of Enzymes In Industry, Medicine And Analytical And Diagnostic Processes

1747 words - 7 pages The Uses of Enzymes In Industry, Medicine and Analytical and Diagnostic Processes Enzymes are very precise protein molecules with a high specificity which are used to catalyse chemical reactions by lowering the activation energy required for the reaction to take place. It is these properties of being able to break down substances easily and bind specifically to certain chemicals that make enzymes very useful in many

The Advantages Of Using Enzymes In Biotechnology

1159 words - 5 pages many different fields including the food industry, which have welcomed an alternative to the traditional chemical-based technology that can replace synthetic chemicals in many processes. Also, processes that use enzymes have fewer side effects, making them more consumer friendly.Enzymes can also be used in meat tenderisation. Traditionally a carcass of a meat animal is hung for several days before the meat is sold to the public, during which