This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

How Far Can It Be Argued That Popular Culture Is Ideological: A Discussion In Relation To Feminism

2599 words - 10 pages

The Marxist concept of ideology is used to express the way in which the dominant group in a society controls the norms and values of that society at the level of ideas. As they own and direct the production of popular cultural products the dominant group are able to present their ideas as both normal and natural and `so mystify the `real' conditions of existence' (Hall.1992.p348). In this way the group holding power exercises maximum control with the minimum of conflict. The general population accepts the status quo as inevitable, and revolution is avoided. While Marxists view this as a matter of Capitalist control, Feminists see ideological domination as the means by which women are encouraged to accept a subordinate role in patriarchal societies. Simone de Beauvoir articulated the experience of being a woman as being socially constructed, suggesting that,

No biological, psychological, or economic fate determines the figure that the human female presents in society; it is civilization as a whole that produces this creature.

(de Beauvoir.1989. p694)

Part of that civilization is popular culture and feminists suggest that women construct their identities in accordance with the female stereotypes that are presented to them in newspapers, magazines, television programmes, films and popular literature. Feminists see these stereotypes as being based on patriarchal definitions of gender and femininity. Women come to see the traits displayed by the stereotypes as innate and desirable in all females, and seek to emulate them, thereby actively conforming to a patriarchal ideal. This is, of course, an oversimplification, but such a model suggests that popular culture is inherently ideological.

Feminist critique of popular culture and mass media developed from the late 1950's onwards, and early feminist theorists tended to be radical in their approach, suggesting that the media has been used as a `major instrument of ideological domination' (Hall.1997.p348). Feminist theory shares much common ground with Marxism and many of the ideas of European Marxists have been appropriated and used by feminists. It has been suggested that this is particularly true of the ideas of Althusser and Gramsci (Gramman and Marshment in Strinati.1995.p180). Both of these theorists place emphasis on the idea of ideology as a means of control. Althusser suggests that ideology is not merely inherent in popular cultural practices but becomes `material practice' (Storey.1998.p97) and a part of daily existence. For Althusser ideology is found in the customs, traditions and patterns of behaviour of everyday life in such a way that social actors are not aware of their participation in the acceptance and propagation of the ideas of the most powerful group in society. Using Althusser's theories feminists may suggest that a tradition such as the celebration of Mother's Day can be seen as valourizing that particular role for women, while failing to recognize any other....

Find Another Essay On How Far Can It Be Argued That Popular Culture Is Ideological: a Discussion in Relation to Feminism

Feminism That Went Too Far Essay

878 words - 4 pages a chapter in cultural history: it is an act of survival. Until we can understand the assumptions in which we are drenched we cannot know ourselves. And this drive to self-knowledge, for women, is more than a search for identity: it is part of our refusal of the self-destructiveness of male-dominated society" (540). The problems that I've found with Rich's criticisms is that they are a product of her radical liberal, sexist views. She uses men as

Organizational Culture How Do We As Leaders Change An Environment That Appears To Be Detrimental To Allowing Our Soldiers To "Be All They Can Be"?

1031 words - 5 pages encourages initiative and understands that the benefits of teamwork will support a 21st century Army. America's Army needs soldiers who believe they can influence the battlefield, are empowered to make decisions on their own and trust their leaders to train them to survive on the battlefield. Our Army culture, however, can also be a liability when it is inappropriate and does not contribute to the Army's overall goals. Unfortunately, our Army

"The real interest in Medea is that Euripides can make Medea so appalling without losing our sympathy for her." How far would you agree with this comment?

715 words - 3 pages play "To Jason she was all obedience" gives an indication of Medea's dedication to her family. Jason's betrayal from the family she worked so faithfully to form raises the anger of a "woman scorned". His breaking of the "oath of marriage" can provoke no greater fury than that of Medea's passion towards her husband and children. The suffering she endures in her grief over Jason's decision to abandon their family is overwhelming. As Jason insults her

Can we say that the selection of the best and able and then educating them to become true leaders is better than popular vote to choose leaders?

1580 words - 7 pages made by popular vote, every person will have the freedom of expression. We know that election has many problems and disadvantages. As an example, nowadays, politicians spend an enormous amount of money on their election campaign in order to take a position of a leader. However, this money could be spent to achieve better ends; for example, it can be spent for education of children and opening factories thus creating more job places. Is it

Can we conclude that T.S.Eliot's ideas about culture are 'elitist' and leave it at that?

1783 words - 7 pages allusions used in his work. Eliot considered culture to have three meanings. "The term 'culture' has different associations according to whether we have in mind the developments of an "individual of a group or class or of a whole society." (Eliot, T.S. (1948) Notes towards the Definition of Culture. London: Faber & Faber Ltd.)Eliot believed that the differences between the three senses of culture could be best understood " asking how far, in

Can we have beliefs or knowledge which are independent of our culture? Discuss in relation to at least two areas of knowledge

814 words - 4 pages certain extent what he has to say. Yes, in some cultures that is what it involves, but in this century, in most cultures, all those factors can be independent of culture. Culture is social behaviour of a particular group. Ethics might not define our cultures but sometimes we base some rules around ethics. Base it on whether it is right to do something or not. Religious countries like Iran and Saudi Arabia tend to have a different culture than some

Discussion of the View that Violence on Screen Can Cause Violence in Society

1106 words - 4 pages Discussion of the View that Violence on Screen Can Cause Violence in Society The screening of violence and the effects it has on the media ahs been a controversial issue for a long time. Many researches have been carried out to prove or disprove the hypothesis that violence in the media can cause violence in society and as a result many theories have been formed. A theory that supports this hypothesis is the Hypodermic

'It Is Impossible To Be Both A Participant And An Observer.' How Far Do You Agree?

997 words - 4 pages would take on a role, which can creditably be accommodated, in a social group being studied. Interactive and interpretive perspectives of sociology tend to use the method of participant observation for their research, meanings are provided and actors help make sense of and interpret the world in which they live. (A. Bryman, 2001: 292) One of the main arguments for participant observation as a method of social research is that it allows the study of

It is argued that Islamic extremism has economic causes. Of greatest concern, however, is that a triumphant fundamentalism has, without fail, seen justice to be synonymous with oppressive practices

2662 words - 11 pages is comprehensive and all-embracing. Any path that leads to justice is deemed to be in harmony with Islamic Law. God has demanded justice and, although He has not prescribed a specific route, has provided general guidelines, on how to achieve it. He has neither prescribed a fixed means by which it can be obtained, nor has He declared invalid any particular means or methods that can lead to justice. Therefore, all means, procedures, and methods

It has been argued that "Trainspotting" by Irvine Welsh is a critique of materialism in western society. Do you agree?

2334 words - 9 pages have alienated themselves from society. However, is this a rejection of materialistic society or is it a result of their exclusion from society, and their inability to 'succeed' due to their social class?Trainspotting is a poignant story told with a certain rawness and harsh resignation that exposes the reality of the ruthless world in which the characters of the novel are born into. They are working class and, it can be argued, the very name of

Violence in Hockey: When does it go to far and how can a sport known for violence solve its problem?

3051 words - 12 pages objectives of the sport" (Terry and Jackson 2). It seems as though every hockey player's dream is to play hockey in the NHL but many of them don't even know that violence is an integral part of the sports itself. Violence in hockey has been on the rise over the past few years and there are many questions to asked why is this violent trend of behavior increasing. Who would have thought that shedding blood during a hockey game would be the highlight of

Similar Essays

It Can Be Argued That Australia Is Not An Egalitarian Society Because Of The Fact That It Does Not Provide A Fair Go To Everyone. This Essay Talks About Inequality In Australia

578 words - 2 pages It can be argued that Australia is not an egalitarian society because of the fact that it does not provide a fair go to everyone. The famous fair go idea is nothing but your average democracies responsibilities and this does not even apply to all. Examples of inequality and injustice are shown in Australia's past to non Anglo Saxon citizens, towards asylum seekers and homosexuals.The White Australian policy is a reflection of how the Australian

In John Steinbeck`s, 'of Mice And Men', It Can Be Argued That, While Lennie Causes Problems For George, He Is Better Off With Him

454 words - 2 pages In John Steinbeck`s, 'Of Mice And Men', it can be argued that, While Lennie causes problems for George, he is better off with him. Because Lennie Helps George get a job and lose it as quickly as they got it. If George didn't have Lennie he would be lonely and he also would of have a family and his own place to live. Because Lennie is big, he and George get a job quickly and because Lennie is mentally disabled, they also lose their

What Extent Can It Be Argued That Anti Semitism Was Deep Rooted And Widespread In Germany? Sixth Form, History Essay

4028 words - 17 pages Grace Navin In the context of the period 1825-1945 to what extent can it be argued that anti-Semitism was deep-rooted and widespread in Germany? Between 1825 and 1945, the German people faced many changes which challenged their view on the outer world and how they perceived the people within their own country. The Jewish have been persecuted and discriminated against all throughout history spurred on by the belief that the Jewish people were the

Comedies Often Contain Satirical Elements. How Far Do You Think That Educating Rita Can Be Seen As A Satire?

1173 words - 5 pages Comedies often contain satirical elements. How far do you think that Educating Rita can be seen as a satire?Comedies can often use satire to achieve their purpose, which is to make their play humorous. Satire contains many different language features and which criticize or ridicule an individual's behavioural flaws. Sarcasm, irony and parodies are examples which can help a genre to be categorised by the use of satire.In Educating Rita, we get a