How Far Did The New Model Army Contribute To The Defeat Of The Royalists In 1645 46?

1205 words - 5 pages

In this essay I aim to find out how far the creation of a New Model Army contributed to the defeat of the Royalists. Firstly it is noticeable simply from the title question that there must have been other factors involved, the New Model Army being just one of them. I am aiming to find and evaluate the significance of these factors.Britain was not psychologically prepared for war, but was even less prepared militarily because of a long period of peace. Because of this the population was largely without military knowledge and experience. However there were local militia units who served within their county. The local militias were simply defence units and were truly untrained in war, they were once described as 'a dark, stomping stinking mass.' They grew in size as they marched towards the battlefield as civilians joined them. Not all the militias were as untrained as this, some united with trained troops to fight off opposing armies.The self-denying ordinance meant that the political and military forces were kept separate. This meant each could focus more on achieving their goal in the way they did best, and left so left room for a private army created on the basis of skill not status.The New Model Army was created in February 1645 by Parliament as it felt that a professional army would be more successful against the king's army. It was a military unit that was to transform the Civil War. The Army was formed from the existing Parliamentarian armies. Fairfax commanded it and its cavalry was lead by Oliver Cromwell. Initially the army had some problems in which many other armies also faced, these were shortage of money to pay soldiers, disease and desertation, and this meant that they had to rely on conscription especially for foot soldiers. The Battle of Marston Moor, had been a major victory for Parliament but not totally decisive because it did not mean that Charles could not recover from it. The New Model Army was to change all this.The New Model Army was a military force based on a person's ability instead of on your position in the English society. If you were good enough, you could be an officer in it. One of the leading officers in the New Model Army had been a butcher. This removal of this social obstacle meant that the New Model Army was open to new ideas and social class meant nothing. Cromwell picked his men carefully, he said , 'I'd rather have a plain russet-coated captain that knows what he fights for and loves what he knows, than what you call a gentleman and is nothing else... If you choose Godly honest men as captains of horses then good men will follow.'Discipline was strict and the training was thorough. The first proper use of the New Model Army was at the Battle of Naseby in June 1645, where the Royalist army was severely beaten. The battle was a disaster for the king. About 1,000 of his men had been killed, while another 4,500 of his most experienced men had been taken prisoner. The Parliamentary forces were also able to...

Find Another Essay On How far did the New Model Army contribute to the defeat of the royalists in 1645-46?

How Far Did Stalin’s Social Policies Change the Lives of Children and Women in the Years to 1945?

1428 words - 6 pages more powerful than guns. We would not let our enemies have guns, why should we let them have ideas." - Stalin These quotes show us that he sees education as a way of defeating his opponents and by indoctrinating the students to Bolshevik ideas then he is less likely to have enemies within his own country. From the educational reforms we can see that these made a huge change in the lives of Russian Children though it did leave them prone to Bolshevik

How did the clash between states right's VS the Union contribute to the outbreak of the American civil war?

588 words - 2 pages The clash of the two philosophies states' right's VS the union (South of USA vs the North), was one of the main contributing factors to the out break of the civil war in 1861. The North wanted a union of states lead by a federal government, and this clashed with the south's desire for each individual state to have its own individual rights. Abraham Lincoln, the president of the Union believed strongly in keeping the union together and would stop

How far did Napoleon Bonaparte maintain the revolutionary ideals of liberty and equality in France?

2528 words - 10 pages Aïsha Atherly November 2006European HistoryHow far did Napoleon Bonaparte maintain the revolutionary ideals of liberty and equality in France?Prior to the French Revolution, the system of government was based on Absolute Monarchy which meant that the monarch claimed total authority of the state. They were answerable to no one and their word was law. At that time, the social structure in France was in need of desperate reform. It was divided

How far did changes in political thought 1642-1690 reflect the reality of political developments?

1955 words - 8 pages Levellers were a response to the political situation. They sought a fundamental change in the structure of government. They did not achieve their goals. The Levellers were a symptom of general disillusionment with the new regime, encouraging them to put forward a new political theory.It is important not to forget that the Puritans themselves were a political entity. One of the major thinkers of the time was Milton. He wished to see changes to

How did Leni Riefenstahl contribute to the values and culture of Nazi Germany? Was Leni Riefenstahl a Nazi?

1894 words - 8 pages propaganda, without definition of the term in context.Throughout the 1930s, the Ministry of Propaganda had control of the German film industry. They restricted cinema, and film-makers were directed to make films that demonstrated Nazi values, as Riefenstahl reveals in her Memoirs:"...but how could I relax? My life was in shambles. My dazzling success as a dancer, actress, and young producer in Germany seemed far behind me. I saw no chance of

How did the Spanish Civil War contribute to appeasement by Britain?

2036 words - 8 pages How did the Spanish Civil War contribute to the policy of appeasement by Britain?Until 1931 Spain, the poorest country in Europe at the time, was a monarchy however, as a result of deep divisions within society exacerbated by the military rule of Primo de Rivera imposed in 1923, the incompetent King Alfonso XIII abdicated. Following municipal elections a liberal government took power but the ensuing republic was immediately at risk from the

How was Ho Chi Mihn's leadership essential to the Viet Minh in the defeat of the French in 1954?

832 words - 3 pages trust and respect. Seen as a nationalist by many, Ho used communism as a way to achieve Vietnams independence and was the basis for exploiting the French throughout 1946- 1954 bringing them back into the country only so it would be easier to defeat them. All this brought confidence to the people and they in fated their support with Ho Chi Minh.Vo Nguyen Giap was a huge asset to the defeat of the French at Dien Bien Phu. Giap was the scourge of the

Why did it take so long for the nations of Europe to defeat Napoleon I?

772 words - 3 pages . Despite these defeats, Napoleon was still a very powerful man, and did not show any more signs of weakening; he still held a firm grip on his conquered lands and single-handedly governed the states and led the army.In January 1814 France was being attacked on all it's frontiers, but the allies made it clear that they were fighting to defeat Napoleon, not France. Napoleon was basically being attacked because in 1813 he had refused to sign the treaty

The Battle of New Orleans' Relevance to Today's Army

1078 words - 5 pages This paper will provide information on The Battle of New Orleans and its relevance to today’s Army. Research was derived from several reliable internet sources such as www.militaryhistory.com and an article from The National Geographic online database. Many think that the Battle of New Orleans between the United States and Britain was uncalled for. The Treaty of Ghent, signed in late 1814, ended the War of 1812. Even though the treaty was

To what extent did anti-foreign sentiment contribute to the collapse of the Qing Dynasty?

2355 words - 10 pages significant factor was due to foreign intervention. A loser of the Opium War of 1842, the Qing government fully exposed its weakness and inefficiency when fighting against the foreign powers and signing the ‘Unequal Treaties’ afterwards. The Sino-Japanese War of 1895 and the Boxer Rebellion of 1900 further humiliated the imperial government. Defeat from the Japanese was followed by a period where foreign powers scrambled for privileges in China, exacting

To what extent did economic problems contribute to the collapse of the Weimar Republic?

1859 words - 7 pages November 1918 would inevitably fall as a result of numerous issues. However, the extent of which economic problems had in the dissolution of the republic, and how these issues caused or came about due to separate concerns faced by the new democratic system became a major contributing factor. Economic problems were evident before the new constitution was even drawn up, and already the new republic faced a host of problems upon proclamation

Similar Essays

How Far Did Climates Of 7th Century Arabia Contribute To The Emergence Of Islam?

1785 words - 7 pages relevant, because they had no paper or literacy skills. Therefore, there would be no point in learning how to write or read. Society relied on the remembrance of things. Young children were sent to the deserts at very young ages to live with a wet-nurse, who would breast-feed them and keep them healthy. They were sent to the deserts to learn the traditions of their ancestors, e.g. how to talk, remember things, etc, but it was also because it

How Far Does The Context Of War And Soldiery Contribute To The Tragedy In Shakespeare's "Othello"?

1089 words - 4 pages and Othello, spiraling into an inevitable tragedy.The role of Desdemona cannot be divorced from the subject as well, as being the main focus of Othello's jealousy, through which she inevitably becomes a tool in the manipulation of Iago's plot. Her initial position with respect to Othello as the "great captain's captain" shows how Desdemona holds a superior position with regard to Othello, and that through Iago's subversion of her image in

How Did Pm Hawke Contribute To The Development Of Australia In The Late Twentieth Century?

534 words - 3 pages Robert Hawke has been regarded as one of Australia’s popular and effective prime ministers after the post-war period. His government carried out many social and economic reforms, and also developed Australia’s growing relationship with Australia. Many of his Labor government’s actions and reforms have successfully contributed to the growing development of Australia in economic, social and cultural terms.The development of

According To The Sources How Far Did The Nazis Succeeded In Converting German Youth To The Ideals Of The Volksgemeinschaft?

733 words - 3 pages quality and excellence did decline.There was no major reorganisation of schools and schooling systems to accommodate the changes expected under the Nazi state. There was a decline in denominational (religion) schools and the creation a few elite schools but on the whole the school system was hardly affected. The government consequently attempted indoctrination via control of the curriculum and teachers was also limited. Teachers had to become member