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How Far Do You Agree That The Policy Of Appeasement Was The Main Cause Of Wwii?

1949 words - 8 pages

Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of Versailles was a peace treaty that was signed by the UK, US, France, Italy and Germany, it ended the war between Germany and the Allied Powers. The Treaty of Versailles was signed on 28 June 1919. Hitler saw the Treaty of Versailles as a disgrace to the German people and an embarrassment to Germany. Hitler blamed the German politicians for signing the Treaty of Versailles as he thought Germany could have avoided it and the problems it presented Germany with. Hitler first broke the Treaty of Versailles in 1934. The way he broke the treaty was over Germany’s armed forces, he broke the terms in secret at first but soon after he held a rearmament rally which the League of Nations and the countries in Europe ignored, Britain even made a naval agreement with Germany, allowing Germany to have a Navy of no more that 35% of Britain’s at any time (Germany broke the treaty here as it was only allowed 6 battleships). After 1936, Hitler started to invest heavily in the Germany Armed Forced and by 1939, Germany had 95 warships, 8,250 airplanes and over 1,000,000 men in his army (The Treaty of Versailles allowed 6 warships, 0 airplanes and 100,000 men). Hitler also broke the Treaty of Versailles over Rhineland, which was declared a demilitarised zone in the Treaty of Versailles. In 1936, Hitler moved his army into the Rhineland, claiming that the Franco-Soviet Treaty of Mutual Assistance threatened Germany’s safety. German commanders were given the order to retreat if met with French resistance, but the French and the League of Nations did nothing. Britain and France also broke the Treaty of Versailles by signing the Munich Agreement.

Hitler’s Actions
Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany in January 1933. Almost immediately he began secretly remilitarizing Germany. In 1934 he increased the size of the army, began building warships and created a German air force. Compulsory military service was also introduced. Although Britain and France were aware of Hitler's actions, they did nothing. In 1936 German soldiers were sent to the Rhineland and the German army at the time were not strong and could easily be defeated, had France or Britain stepped in, yet neither Britain or France were financially prepared for another war. Hitler also made two important allies during 1936. The Rome-Berlin Axis Pact allied Hitler’s Germany and Mussolini’s Italy. The Anti-Comitem Pact allied Germany with Japan. Hitler then ordered soldiers into Austria in March 1938. The Austrian leader was forced into a vote asking the Austrian nationals weather they wanted to be a part of Germany, this vote was fixed and showed that 99% of people supported Hitler’s decision to take Austria as part of Germany. Hitler promised that this was the last expansion to Germany. Six months later Hitler ordered the Sudetenland part of Czechoslovakia be handed over or he will invade, Chamberlain (British Prime Minister) met with Hitler in...

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