How Far It Is True To Say That World War Ii Was The Result Of Hitler's Aggressive Policies?

1360 words - 5 pages

When examining The Second World War and its causes, there are generally two major commonly accepted historiographical views. It is firstly the conventional view, which blamed Hitler’s aggression, and , as stated by Churchill, it was largely Chamberlain’s appeasement policy that made room for this aggression to come through, or the second, common revisionist view that put the blame on France and Britain- their self interest and simply, but mainly- their declaration of war.The origins of the Second World War however lay in a rather complex mix of causes rather then something as straightforward as the appeasement policy or the hostility caused by competition of empires. To find the true causes we must combine most of the views outlined by Overy, Taylor and Churchill.It was mostly the nature of the German nation that enabled other issues such as imperialism to come into effect; this is the strict militarism, embedded in the minds of Germans ever since the times of Prussia, further developed by Wilhelm II and his Weltpolitik. It formed the necessary foundation on which Hitler’s anti Semitism was to be built and provided energy that merely came out in the form of fashionable political views. Anti Semitism on its own was however quite common around the world. In Germany, it resulted in the deaths of millions of Jews because of this strict, militaristic nature and the attempt to clean Germany of inferior races.German soldiers, some of them with the silhouette of the Eiffel tower in sight were certainly surprised when they found out that they had lost the war. There were no signs of defeat; at least none they could see. For some of them, leaving the potential of being killed behind and going home was good news. However for the ones fired up by Germanic militarism like Hitler, this was a shock of the worst caliber and mainly- betrayal. Their country had to admit guilt of causing the war and pay enormous reparations. Plans that were meant to improve the German economy like Dawe’s and Young’s plan only resulted in further disaffection of these ex soldiers (and all German nationalists at the time) towards the government; they didn’t want the help of a nation still perceived as their enemy. The basic sum of their demands was to satisfy the bitter feeling of Revanchism -on both foreign and local enemies.With this to build on, it was highly unlikely for the Weimar republic to succeed. At first it could deal with its rather broken people and during the ‘Golden Twenties’; the Weimar Republic even gave the impression of improvement. However, when the depression broke out, this young republic with an exceptionally democratic constitution and a generally weak, coalition government did not have a good chance to endure the inviting promises of seemingly strong, extremist parties with simple goals. This ‘weakness’ cost Germany its democracy.As Hitler looked for an explanation for why the country had lost the war, he came...

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