How Far Turkey Has Fulfilled Huntington' S Conditions In The Case Of The E.U, Turkey, Usa , Huntington,

807 words - 3 pages

Access to the European Union has become one of the primary goals of Turkey since 1950 and except the period of military government, all governments tried to do their best to achieve the membership of E.U. However, Turkey has to fulfill some conditions in order to achieve this goal and as of today Turkey has not succeeded yet. Turkey has too many acceptable reasons to be a member of E.U. In order to understand the reasons behind “Why does Turkey wants to be accepted by the E.U.?”, we also needed to evaluate answers of the questions like; “What is E.U?” and “What are the conditions of E.U to accept candidate countries?” As a Supranational Union, E.U has its own constitution and has twenty-seven members. Like other developing countries, Turkey wants to access to the E.U. because of economic, social, political and powerful reasons. Turkey’s geographical location is very important because of its neighboring countries and chance to gain soft power by accessing E.U could be essential for Turkey. According to Huntington, Turkey should shift from one civilization to the other and there are three conditions for shifting one civilization to another. This essay will assess the question that “How can Turkey has met the conditions defined by Huntington?”Huntington’s first condition is the political elite, which include political parties, media and business should be eager to change and work-towards the integration. In Turkey, it seems that the political elite have not reached a consensus, yet. In spite the fact that the current government, which is AKP, supports to access to the E.U., MHP and CHP, which are Euro-sceptic, perceive European Union as a threat to the core values. MHP and CHP are reactive and keen on about the amendment of the article 301 of the Constitution of Republic of Turkey, dangerous of change in national identity perception, which they believe that all the negative changes on those issues were arisen in order to satisfy E.U’s inquiries. AKP belives that, access to the E.U will bring economic welfare and support to make social reforms. However, expeditious attitude of E.U considered as a threat by MHP and CHP because the E.U may sometimes impose its thoughts directly to the current government without respecting Turkey’s independency.. It is clear that the contention between the political parties and between E.U and Turkey have negative effects on Turkey’s economical and social...

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