This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

How Has Australia Become A Multicultural Society?

881 words - 4 pages

How has Australia become a multicultural society?Australia first made a step towards becoming a multicultural society when Immigration Minister Arthur Calwell stated, post WW2, that Australia was to 'Populate or Perish". This statement led to a policy review, in which The Immigration Restriction Act 1901 was changed to the Assisted Passage Scheme. Following this, Australia welcomed immigrants from many countries, such as Baltic States, Italy, Greece, Malta, Finland, Sweden and other parts of Europe.Before World War 2, Australia had a "White Australia Policy" which restricted non-white immigration to Australia. The major tool used in this policy was a dictation test, which could be selectively given in any European language. After WW2, fears that Asia would invade Australia were heightened extensively and there was a growing fear of the spread of communism in Asia. These fears encouraged the decision to increased immigration and build up the Australian population, so that if an invasion were to occur, we would be better able to defend ourselves. It was then that Arthur Calwell noted that Australia must "Populate or Perish".After 1945, the migrants were essentially from Britain. From 1947 to 51, people from the Baltic States, Italy and Greece began to immigrate, and continued to come to Australia in large numbers throughout the 1950s and 1960s. These immigrants brought with them new cultures and foods, and began to change the attitudes and diets of Australians. Many of these migrants came to Australia under the "Assisted Passage Scheme" on a mere 10 pound fare.Many migrants who chose to stay in Australia worked on large public projects, one of which was the Snowy Mountains' Hydro-Electro Scheme. The plan was to hold water from melting snow in the Australian Alps and then divert this water by a complex of tunnels through the Great Dividing Range. The water would be used to create hydro-electricity and eventually for irrigation. The scheme involved relocation of towns, and the building of sixteen major damns, seven power stations and over 200km of tunnels. When the Snowy Mountain scheme was finished in 1972, more than 100,000 people from over thirty countries had come to the mountains to work on the project. Seventy per cent of these were migrants. This was the first example of multiculturalism in Australia, where people of different races and cultures worked together.Upon the migrant's arrival in Australia, the government organised reception, accommodation and eventual employment. There were several different types of accommodation for migrants, including transit camps, holding centres and worker's hostels. Many migrants were housed at an army camp on Lantana Avenue in Graylands (WA), which became known as the Graylands Immigration Training and Reception Centre. The former...

Find Another Essay On How has Australia become a multicultural society?

Should Australia Become a Republic? Essay

1178 words - 5 pages Issue This is issue has recently come back into the spotlight due to an interview with the current Australian of the year, Simon McKeon. In the interview, he urged Australian’s to bring up the republican debate suggesting that now is the time to become a republic. This has sparked many people coming forward and debating the issue. Introduction Australia is currently a constitutional monarchy, meaning that the Queen is our current head

What is a Multicultural Society? Essay

826 words - 3 pages What is a multicultural Society? A question, which is asked very often, an answer for it is sometimes very hard to define. Multicultural society is a society in which there is inclusion of many diverse people. It is a society in which freedom of religion, language, dress, food, religion, customs, can be expressed without the trepidation of persecution. Whilst expressing ones culture they are also learning the main dominant language of the

Living In A Multicultural Society

633 words - 3 pages Today it is not unusual to see people of all different races, ethnic backgrounds or cultural groups living in one society. Our society is formed of a mix of different people and sometimes it is not easy to define ones self. Since we live in a society that is influenced by many social aspects expressing ones personal identity may be a hard task. Aspects of society that make it hard to identify ones self include a persons sexual orientation, their

Living in a Multicultural Society

2769 words - 11 pages or concept, and educational reform movement, and a process. Multicultural education incorporates the idea that all students regardless of their gender and social class and their ethnic, racial or cultural characteristics- should have an equal opportunity to learn in school” (1). This is important because it proves that every child deserves the same education in order to succeed and have a lot of new opportunities. As a result of the

How Has The Thirteen United States Grown As A Society?

662 words - 3 pages How has the Thirteen United States grown as a society? By declaring their independence to the King of England on July 4, 1776, the Thirteen United States of America showed that they no longer needed the British sovereignty and that no longer will they be under the King's wing. They were ready to fly, like every new born bird when it is ready to survive on its own. The thirteen states, over many many decades, had grown into an educated

How Money Has Changed Society

946 words - 4 pages How Money Has Changed Society *Works Cited Not Included Marshall McLuhan's lasting contribution is his vision of the ways technology affects and changes history and culture. McLuhan proposes that technologies are not mere add-ons to who and what humans are but, rather, alter them as though the technologies really are extensions of humans. Technology determines culture and history to the extent that it "shapes and

How Would a Multicultural Workforce Affect Teamwork?

1844 words - 7 pages other the family over the individual, there will be many conflicts on the job as he or she each operate without awareness that the other is applying different rules. Each culture has rules for behavior and living which its members have been taught verbally and non-verbally by all the people who surround them as they are growing up.Another example of misunderstanding that occurs between workers of a multicultural workforce takes place when a worker

How to Become a Coach

5779 words - 23 pages important asset to a coach that not many people are aware of are coaching clinics. A coaching clinic is really a large meeting of coaches. There is often times very successful college or professional coaches that run the clinic. These professional coaches give insight into how they have become successful. They share their offensive and defensive schemes and teach the other coaches what has worked for them. These clinics draw hundreds of coaches from

How to become a Doctor

898 words - 4 pages Nearly everyone in the world wants to be a doctor due to that prodigious salary, but the steps necessary in order to become one can seem a bit tricky. How can a wacky curly headed girl at UT Austin pull this off? Her college days might be blended as she puts it, but it is obvious that her research and experiments have an exclusive part of her heart. Needless to say Lisa Rosen accomplished this goal with flying colors, and she now has a life that

How to Become a Chef

720 words - 3 pages It takes a lot of hard work and dedication to be a chef. However, if one has a passion for cooking it will pay off. I am a creative person and cooking has endless possibilities of creativity, such as the way you make it and the way you plate it. I want to become a chef and hopefully open a restaurant one day. To do that, you need to learn the basic skills. Julia Child once said, “No one is born a great cook, one learns by doing.” Most

How to Become a Zoologist

2317 words - 10 pages The process of becoming a zoologist requires great self-determination, persistence, patience, and discipline; the role of zoologists has taken on increased levels of importance recently because of the need to teach respect for the environment and also the animals of the world. It is important to have zoologists around, not only for animals but for humans also. Humans need to have the knowledge about animals to comprehend what goes on in the

Similar Essays

Britain Has Become A Multicultural Society. How Can Schools/Teachers Develop Their Pupils' Awareness Of The Values Of Other Cultures?

2702 words - 11 pages examine the methods schools and teachers can use to develop cultural awareness in the classroom.It is important to understand exactly how Britain has become imbued with a cosmopolitan multicultural heritage because as Roy Todd argues (1991) "education has developed in response to the ethnic diversity and "multicultural" nature of contemporary British society". Cultural change is a gradual evolution, an on-going process that is not static

Drugs In Australian Society Discuss The Policies Australia Has On Drugs And How To Prevent Drug Abuse

721 words - 3 pages Drugs are a big problem throughout Australia. Hundreds of people die each year from drug overdoses and many crimes can be easily linked to drug use.John Howard has devoted $516 million of the Federal budget to the 'tough on drugs' stance Australia has taken. Despite this, drugs are still a large problem that affects everybody throughout society in some form.The control of drugs has been a world-wide concern since the International Opium

How Has Homophobia Become A Witch Hunt?

1099 words - 4 pages have no place, in a society that is supporting of and practices the separation of church and state. Religious standpoints provide colossal amounts of fuel to the debate. With Christians chanting “God made Adam and Eve, NOT Adam and Steve,” we can note that the REAL fear is the fear of what they don’t understand. How is it that it is so unnatural? Unbeknownst to them, homosexuality does occur in nature, does that mean that animals have sinned too

How Cell Phone Use Has Become A Subculture

1054 words - 5 pages What would you do if you didn’t have your cellphone? A majority of today’s people would not even know what to do. Cellular phones are a part of almost everybody’s life and a major part of society today, but it never used to always be like that. In the beginning phones was a way to communicate with other people when they called if they happened to be home or if people wanted to get in touch with you then, they had to leave a message with your