How Has The Discovery Of Iceman Contributed To Our Understanding Of Neolithic Italy/Austria?

2225 words - 9 pages

On September 19, 1991, a couple from Nuremberg mountaineering in the Otztal Alps discovered the upper part of a corpse protruding from the glacier. It was to be later discovered that this body was actually that of a 5200-year-old man from the Stone Age. Not realizing the age of their discovery, rescue workers who came to the scene treated the body less than gently as they tried to pull it from the ice. A jackhammer tore chunks of flesh from iceman's left hip and damaged his thigh. The unfinished bow that he carried was broken into two pieces, and the frame of his backpack was ripped apart. Only when an archaeologist from the University of Innsbruck, Dr. Konrad Spindler, saw the copper axe found with Iceman and estimated it to be 4,000 years old-a relic of the Neolithic age-did anyone begin to comprehend what an astonishing discovery had been made on the Tisenjoch. The Neolithic era was the transitional age when stone tools began to give way to metal and when agriculture was supplanting hunting and gathering. The body, his equipment and clothing have all contributed to the knowledge and understanding of the Iceman and the period of time from where he came.The body looks like a skeleton wrapped tightly in hairless skin. It gleams with a glaze of ice that is left undefrosted to protect it. Its mouth is frozen in an expression that displays a few worn, chipped teeth but the skull of Iceman has still allowed the reconstruction of his face with the aid of Stereolithographic skull models and computer tomography. These have given a good perspective of how people from the Neolithic age generally looked. His right earlobe had a pit like, sharp edged rectangular depression, indicating there was once an ornamental stone fitted there, he was shaved and had recently had a haircut. Also from the body a good indication of height can be determined and the Iceman's strong physique, gives incite into an active lifestyle. Scientists who worked on the Iceman project produced some elegant results with just specks of evidence. Some researchers, looking at the structure of the body's damaged thighbone, analysed the secondary osteons-concentric arrangements of bone matrix that increase as a person ages and estimated that Iceman was in his 40's when he died. Also, on Iceman's body are 14 tattoos. They are concentrated around his lower back, knees, ankles and wrists. Their positioning on his body indicates that they were placed here for treatment of an illness like arthritis. They are the earliest known case of medical tattooing.One of Iceman's recovered fingernails was also taken and analysed. This investigation revealed that he had undergone several periods of reduced growth corresponding to periods of severe illness.After the contents of Iceman's stomach and intestines were examined it was found that his last journey had been made through a coniferous woodland just below half way up the mountains, where he had a meal composed of cereals, plant food and ibex meat, then...

Find Another Essay On How has the discovery of Iceman contributed to our understanding of Neolithic Italy/Austria?

Discuss the ways in which your engagement with the construction of a character or characters in "The Collector" has contributed to your understanding of the text

2238 words - 9 pages As a reader I found that the characters in The Collector contribute to my understanding of the text. In The Collector by John Fowles, the reader's engagement with Miranda and Clegg helps them to understand Fowles idea of a class dominated society, in England during the 1960's. The Collector is a novel that compares the upper middle-class, where Miranda is placed in the societal ladder, and lower working class such as Clegg. Miranda belongs to a

Explain what is meant by the term 'social construction' and consider how it has been used to further our understanding of the concept of identity

1162 words - 5 pages According to social construction it is through social interactions that people "act and react in relation to others, through these social interactions we learn what is acceptable and what is not. Over time these rules become internalized within us, and eventually become an unconscious part of our lives and our identity. It is the aim of this essay to explain what is meant by the term 'social construction' and how social construction has

To what extent has your study of Australian poetry contributed to your understanding of, or response to, your sense of being Australian or living in Australian society

1632 words - 7 pages that poetry, because it is a highly condensed form of text, was important in giving me an overview of how the Australian identity has been represented by poets over the course of the last 200 hundred years of our country's history and allowed me to reflect on how much of that representation is part of my own personal view. For me being Australian means having the courage to face difficulty, the ability to bounce back from adversity, to stick up for

To what extent has DNA technology helped our understanding of human colonisation and the spread of agriculture in Europe over the past 10 000 years? How is this supported by language evidence?

1741 words - 7 pages Although the focus of this essay is to discuss how DNA technology helped our understanding of human colonisation and the spread of agriculture in Europe over the past 10 000 years, it will first look at the recent African origin theory as it is relevant to show how modern humans arrived in Europe in the first place. As later discussed it will also have a bearing on the development of agriculture.The two main hypotheses agree that Homo erectus

What are the Benefits of Social Science Research? Using literature and practical examples show how research has influenced our understanding of each other and society

1159 words - 5 pages Social research is the purposive and rigorous investigation that aims to generate new knowledge. It is the intellectual tool of social scientists; social research is about discovery, new ideas, expanding the horizons and new conclusions on aspects of life. Research is diverse and pluralistic, varying in focus, purpose, procedures and theoretical foundations. Research may focus on people and the physical and social environment or on hidden

How Has Our Postmodern Situation Changed Our Understanding Or Approach To Ethics? Discuss In Relation To Feminism

2038 words - 9 pages How has our postmodern situation changed our understanding or approach to ethics?Discuss in relation to feminism.Feminists have over time developed a wide variety of approaches to ethics, including those labelled "feminine," "maternal," and "lesbian." Each of these approaches highlights the differences between men and women's situations. Together the overall aim of all feminist approaches to ethics, irrespective of their specific labels, is to

Atonement - A successful text has multiple ways of shaping our understanding

1298 words - 6 pages her complicates this overarching investigative, who what makes up one’s own sense of individuality and how confident that person has become with that outpouring image. The social class division is one of the controversial issues they are being argues in today’s society. In Atonement, social class is highlighted through the film. Wright made the setting that distinguish Robbie and Cecilia clearly to shape a better understanding of the film

The Significance of the discovery of the Iceman

2171 words - 9 pages discovery in the 20th Century; Otzi had provided a very clear view to what life was like in the prehistoric age. Prior to his death, no one had known what Late Stone Aged/Neolithic people looked like, what they wore or how they lived, Otzi had provided a lot of key information to the world about the history of itself. Due to the fact that Otzi is so well preserved (his eyeballs are still intact inside his eye sockets), Otzi is now kept in a computer

German History: The Discovery of Otzi, "The Iceman"

1575 words - 6 pages . There is no evidence to either prove or disprove Ötzi being a shaman. However, much of the evidence of him being a shaman was disproved by Konrad Spindler, who led the scientific investigation of the corpse (Stone).After Ötzi's discovery, there was a controversy over who the corpse belonged to: Austria or Italy. He was found only about 20 yards from the Austrian-Italian border in Italy. This territory has only belonged to Italy since 1919

How Has the Rise of Capitalism Contributed to the Persisten Gender Inequities Prevalent Today?

2268 words - 10 pages How Has The Rise of Capitalism Contributed to the Persistent Gender Inequities Which Are Prevalent Today? Gender Inequities have been largely persistent across time and are arguably more prevalent now in our society than ever before. Gender Inequities, which refer to the imbalanced behaviour towards views of persons based on their gender, noticeably towards women, have become an increasingly significant problem as our society has become

The Extent to Which Austria was the Main Obstacle to the Unification of Italy in the Period 1815-1849

3023 words - 12 pages The Extent to Which Austria was the Main Obstacle to the Unification of Italy in the Period 1815-1849 In the period immediately after the Vienna settlement in 1815 and up to the widespread revolutions throughout Europe and especially Italy in 1848 and 1849, the prospect of a united Italy seemed almost a distant dream. There were a range of obstacles in between progress to a unified state. These included the outright

Similar Essays

Outline Any Two Theoretical Approaches To Identity And Explain How Each Has Contributed To Our Understanding Of This Concept

1120 words - 4 pages From the Psychosocial and Social Identity Theory (SIT) perspectives there different approaches to what makes identity uniquely individual to humans and different from other animals. Each has contributed to our understanding of identity in different ways. Using observational and research methods psychological theorists' show that humans do not have a fixed identity but that identity is complex and diverse, changing throughout a person's life

How Canada Has Contributed To The Understanding Of Health And Disease

1004 words - 5 pages I believe that Canada has contributed a lot to the understanding of health and disease over the years. A few examples I have been able to come up with would be the discovery of Insulin by Frederick Banting and Charles Best in 1921, and Dr. Penfield’s discovery on treating epilepsy using a method called the Montreal Procedure in 1934. George Klein invented the electric wheelchair in 1952, and in. Doctors

As An Ib Student, How Has Your Learning Of Literature And Science Contributed To Your Understanding Of Individuals And Societies?

908 words - 4 pages Shriniel tankaria Tankaria 1Shubhda missTOK6th January 2014As an IB student, how has your learning of literature and science contributed to your understanding of individuals and societies?IB is completely a new experience for me. It has helped me to develop many qualities and has completely changed my personality and my way of thinking towards things. My experience in IB is amazing because it has helped me to know myself much better than what I

Marx And Durkheim’s Views Contributed To Our Understanding Of Crime And Deviance?

981 words - 4 pages Introduction to the Sociology and Psychology of Crime Section A (Sociology of Crime) How have Marx and Durkheim’s Views Contributed to our Understanding of Crime and Deviance? Karl Marx’s Marxist theory and Emile Durkheim’s functionalist theory were both significant in their own ways and therefore made a large contribution to our perception and understanding of how crime and deviance occurs and is dealt with in society. The Marxist theory on