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How Has The Ownership Of The Policing Function Changed Since 1829? Discuss This Statement Illustrating Changes In Private And Public Policing.

1397 words - 6 pages

IntroductionSince the introduction of the new police in 1829 the force has taken on many new different shapes and sizes. From the historic 'Peelers' to the modern day 'Bobbies,' the aim has always remained the same. To prevent crime and protect and serve the public.The origin of the British police lies in early tribal history and is based on customs for securing order through the medium of appointed representatives. In effect, the people were the police.(http://www.met.police.uk/history/definition.htm)Throughout this essay I plan to examine the different models of policing and see how they have changed over the years. I also aim to look into the input of private sector policing organisations, and evaluate the growth and changes they have undergone.Prior 1829Until 1829, law enforcement had been dramatically lacking in organisation. As London expanded during the 18th and 19th centuries, maintaining law and order had become a priority and also a matter of public concern. The poling system was seen as ineffective and failing dismally to restore and maintain peace and order.Previous systems were inhumane, containing severe penalties, and weak enforcement structures. Overall it was counterproductive and inefficient. Victims of crime became reluctant to prosecute, as did the jury with regards to conviction.(Reiner 2000).Up until 1829, the police consisted of amateur justices, constables, and watchmen. These were seen as being extremely inefficient and corrupt. They were often portrayed as drunkards who 'shuffled along the darkened streets after sunset with long staves and dim lanterns, calling out the time and state of the weather, and thus warned the criminal of their approach'(Reiner 2000).In 1818 and 1822, Parliamentary committees were appointed to investigate the subject of crime and policing. It was not until 1829, when Robert Peel became Home Secretary, that the Metropolitan Police Act was passed and the Metropolitan Police Force was established.Post 1829Sir Robert Peel had already established the Royal Irish Constabulary in 1812, and it had proved to be a great success. This led to the introduction of the Metropolitan Police Act, which provided permanently appointed and paid Constables. This new force although maintaining policing within London did not cover the City of London. There still remained police establishments within the Metropolitan Police District organised during the eighteenth century, which remained independent.These were the:Bow Street runners, mounted and foot,Police Office constables under the control of the Magistrates.The River Police.By 1839 all these forces had been captivated by the Metropolitan Police Force. The City of London Police, which was set up in 1839, remains an independent force to this day.The main objective of the first police force was to work with the cooperation of the public to ensure law and order, and its success stemmed from the deliberately civil and courteous manner in which the police constables were...

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